Table 5: Detailed partial least squares regression model results for soil total carbon ( ) prediction from the subsets of mid-infrared diffuse reflectance spectra based on soil order. The range of values reflects the results of 10 random iterations of the models, and the number in parentheses is the mean. Detailed results are also given for full sample set models with no subsetting for comparison. For models with full cross validation (i.e., leave-one-out cross validation), the same samples used to calibrate the model were used to validate the model.


Andisol soils64–710.84–0.961.92–3.02 25–320.41–0.922.99–6.941.12–3.601.87–4.09
(0.91)(2.49) (0.79) (4.03) (2.33) (2.66)

High activity clay soils67–720.96–0.990.96–2.71 29–340.95–0.991.70–3.604.34–9.810.92–4.38
(0.98)(1.74) (0.96) (2.65) (5.57) (2.44)

Low activity clay soils750.980.24Full cross validation0.790.802.102.01

Organic-dominated soils260.972.9Full cross validation0.866.72.524.78

Full sample set2150.94–0.981.94–3.50 920.91–0.962.74–3.913.38–5.073.22–5.27
(0.96)(2.78) (0.94) (3.39) (4.07) (3.89)

Full sample set3070.953.12Full cross validation0.943.523.943.68

aNumber of samples.
bCoefficient of determination.
cRoot mean squared error.
dResidual prediction deviation.
eRatio of performance to interquartile distance.