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Applied and Environmental Soil Science
Volume 2012, Article ID 476821, 7 pages
Research Article

Organic Matter and Barium Absorption by Plant Species Grown in an Area Polluted with Scrap Metal Residue

1Centro de Solo e Recursos Ambientais, IAC, Avenida Barão de Itapura, 1481, 13020-902 Campinas, SP, Brazil
2Programa de Pós-Graduação em Agricultura Tropical e Subtropical, IAC, 13020-902 Campinas, SP, Brazil
3Departamento de Edafología, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28004 Madrid, Spain

Received 18 October 2011; Revised 27 December 2011; Accepted 8 January 2012

Academic Editor: Philip White

Copyright © 2012 Cleide Aparecida Abreu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The effect of organic matter addition on Ba availability to Helianthus annuus L., Raphanus sativus L., and Ricinus communis L. grown on a Neossolo Litólico Chernossólico fragmentário (pH 7.5), contaminated with scrap residue was evaluated. Four rates (0, 20, 40, and 80 Mg ha−1, organic carbon basis) of peat or sugar cane filter, with three replicates, were tested. Plant species were grown until the flowering stage. No effect of organic matter addition to soil on dry matter yield of oilseed radish shoots was observed, but there was an increase in sunflower and castor oil plant shoots when sugar cane filter cake was used. The average Ba transferred from roots to shoots was more than 89% for oilseed radish, 71% for castor oil plants, and 59% for sunflowers. Organic matter treatments were not efficient in reducing Ba availability due to soil liming.