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Applied and Environmental Soil Science
Volume 2014, Article ID 743194, 14 pages
Research Article

Establishing Land Suitability Criteria for Cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.) in Indonesia

1Department of Soil Science and Land Resources, Bogor Agricultural University, Campus of Dramaga, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
2Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development (IAARD), Ministry of Agriculture, Jl. Tentara Pelajar No. 3, Bogor 16111, Indonesia
3Indonesian Center for Agricultural Land Resources Research and Development (ICALRRD), Ministry of Agriculture, Jl. Tentara Pelajar No. 12, Bogor 16114, Indonesia
4University of Tanjungpura, Pontianak 78124, Indonesia

Received 19 February 2014; Revised 27 May 2014; Accepted 29 May 2014; Published 22 July 2014

Academic Editor: Davey Jones

Copyright © 2014 Widiatmaka et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Commodity development requires site selection which should be established prior to large scale development. The land suitability criteria for cashew are not presently available. The relationship between the biophysical aspects, especially land and soil with commodity productivity, is also not known in depth. The objective of this study is to establish the criteria of land suitability for cashew in Indonesia, based on its production and land characteristics. Cashew plantations in 5 provinces were sampled. The data of production per tree per year were obtained from farmers, while the soil was sampled and analyzed in the laboratory. Age-adjusted cashew production was used as the yield response and plotted against land characteristics. Boundary lines resulting from the scatter of points were described; these lines produced the limits of land suitability criteria. The criteria were established using a projection of the intersection between the boundary line and yield interval. The criteria were also built in accordance with the productivity index of FAO for the internal boundary inside the S (suitable) class and by calculating the break-event point production for the boundary between S (suitable) and N (nonsuitable) order. The main result of this research is land suitability criteria for cashew.