Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Applied and Environmental Soil Science
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 471248, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/471248
Research Article

Seasonal Dynamics of N, P, and K in an Organic and Inorganic Fertilized Willow Biomass System

1Forest and Horticultural Crops Research Center, University of Ghana, Legon, Accra, Ghana
2Department of Forest and Natural Resources Management, SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, 1 Forestry Drive, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA
3Department of Soil Science, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon SK, Canada S7N 5A8

Received 4 July 2014; Accepted 13 October 2014

Academic Editor: Rodrigo Studart Corrêa

Copyright © 2015 Amos K. Quaye et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. C. M. D. S. Cordovil, F. Cabral, and J. Coutinho, “Potential mineralization of nitrogen from organic wastes to ryegrass and wheat crops,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 98, no. 17, pp. 3265–3268, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. T. Buchholz and T. A. Volk, “Improving the Profitability of Willow Crops-Identifying Opportunities with a Crop Budget Model,” Bioenergy Research, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 85–95, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. C. Heller, G. A. Keoleian, and T. A. Volk, “Life cycle assessment of a willow bioenergy cropping system,” Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 147–165, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. T. A. Volk, T. Verwijst, P. J. Tharakan, L. P. Abrahamson, and E. H. White, “Growing fuel: a sustainability assessment of willow biomass crops,” Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, vol. 2, no. 8, pp. 411–418, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. I. Dimitriou, Performance and sustainability of short rotation energy crops treated with municipal and industrial residues [Ph.D. thesis], Faculty of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden, 2005.
  6. J. M. Stark and S. C. Hart, “High rates of nitrification and nitrate turnover in undisturbed coniferous forests,” Nature, vol. 385, no. 6611, pp. 61–64, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. P. Qian and J. J. Schoenau, “Practical applications of ion exchange resins in agricultural and environmental soil research,” Canadian Journal of Soil Science, vol. 82, no. 1, pp. 9–21, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. G. Ngono and R. F. Fisher, “Predicting response of Southeast Texas loblolly pine to fertilization,” Southern Journal of Applied Forestry, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 84–87, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. L. Bollmark, L. Sennerby-Forsse, and T. Ericsson, “Seasonal dynamics and effects of nitrogen supply rate on nitrogen and carbohydrate reserves in cutting-derived willow (Salix viminalis L.) plants,” Canadian Journal of Forest Research, vol. 29, pp. 85–94, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  10. D. A. McGrath, N. B. Comerford, and M. L. Duryea, “Litter dynamics and monthly fluctuations in soil phosphorus availability in an Amazonian agroforest,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 131, no. 1–3, pp. 167–181, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. B. Bernier, “Nutrient cycling in Populus: a literature review with implications in intensively managed plantations,” IEA=ENFOR, Report 5, Canadian Forest Service, Ottawa, Canada, 1984. View at Google Scholar
  12. H. Marschner, Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants, Academic Press, London, UK, 1986.
  13. L. Rytter and T. Ericsson, “Leaf nutrient analysis in Salix viminalis (L.) energy forest stands growing on agricultural land,” Zeitschrift für Pflanzenernährung und Bodenkunde, vol. 156, no. 4, pp. 349–356, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. Y. von Fircks, T. Ericsson, and L. Sennerby-Forsse, “Seasonal variation of macronutrients in leaves, stems and roots of Salix dasyclados Wimm. grown at two nutrient levels,” Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 321–334, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. T. Ericsson, “Growth and nutrition of three Salix clones on low conductivity solutions,” Physiologia Plantarum, vol. 52, pp. 239–244, 1981. View at Google Scholar
  16. R. M. Rytter, Fine-root production and carbon and nitrogen allocation in basket willows [Ph.D. thesis], Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden, 1997, Silvestria No. 39.
  17. P. Casals, J. Romanyà, J. Cortina, J. Fons, M. Bode, and V. R. Vallejo, “Nitrogen supply rate in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) forests of contrasting slope aspect,” Plant and Soil, vol. 168-169, no. 1, pp. 67–73, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. T. Sims and A. Wolf, Recommended Soil Testing Procedures for the Northeastern United States, vol. 493 of Northeast Regional Bulletin, Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Delaware, Newark, Del, USA, 1995.
  19. NOAA, 2011, http://www4.ncdc.noaa.gov/cgi-win/wwcgi.dll?wwDI~StnSrch~StnID~20019716.
  20. SAS Institute, Statistical Analysis System, SAS Institute, Cary, NC, USA, 2002-2003.
  21. M. J. Mitchell, M. K. Burke, and J. P. Shepard, “Seasonal and spatial patterns of S, Ca, and N dynamics of a Northern Hardwood forest ecosystem,” Biogeochemistry, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 165–189, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. N. B. Comerford, “Soil factors affecting nutrient bioavailability,” in Nutrient Acquisition by Plants: An Ecological Perspective, H. BassiriRad, Ed., vol. 118 of Ecological Studies, Springer, Heidelberg, Germany, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  23. J. P. Lynch, “Root architecture and nutrient acquisition,” in Nutrient Acquisition by Plants: An Ecological Perspective, H. BassiriRad, Ed., Ecological Studies 181, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  24. W. Z. Huang and J. J. Schoenau, “Seasonal and spatial variations in soil nitrogen and phosphorus supply rates in a boreal aspen forest,” Canadian Journal of Soil Science, vol. 77, no. 4, pp. 597–612, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. Q. Zhao, D.-H. Zeng, Z.-P. Fan, Z.-Y. Yu, Y.-L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “Seasonal variations in phosphorus fractions in semiarid sandy soils under different vegetation types,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 258, no. 7, pp. 1376–1382, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. C. R. Chen, L. M. Condron, M. R. Davis, and R. R. Sherlock, “Seasonal changes in soil phosphorus and associated microbial properties under adjacent grassland and forest in New Zealand,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 177, no. 1–3, pp. 539–557, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. S. D. Castellano and R. P. Dick, “Cropping and sulfur fertilization influence on sulfur transformations in soil,” Soil Science Society of America Journal, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 114–121, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. J. M.-F. Johnson, M. A. Coleman, R. Gesch et al., “Biomass-bioenergy crops in the United States: a changing paradigm,” The Americas Journal of Plant Science and Biotechnology, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1–28, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  29. T. Ingestad and G. I. Argen, “A fertilization model based on concepts of nutrient flux density and nutrient productivity,” Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, vol. 3, pp. 157–173, 1984. View at Google Scholar
  30. H. G. Adegbidi, Nutrient return via litterfall and removal during harvest in a one-year rotation bioenergy plantation [M.S. thesis], SUNY, College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse, NY, USA, 1984.
  31. R.-M. Rytter, “Biomass production and allocation, including fine-root turnover, and annual N uptake in lysimeter-grown basket willows,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 140, no. 2-3, pp. 177–192, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. R. D. Hangs, K. J. Greer, and K. C. J. Rees, “Soil nutrient supply rates as an indicator of site suitability and seedling growth requirements,” in Proceedings of the Thin Green Line Conference on State-of-the-Art in Reforestation, pp. 145–152, Ontario, Canada, 2005.
  33. T. Grizzard, G. S. Henderson, E. E. C. Clebsch, and D. E. Reichle, “Seasonal nutrient dynamics of foliage and litterfall on Walker Branch Watershed, a deciduous Forest Ecosystem,” Oak Ridge National Laboratory Publication no. 814, 1976. View at Google Scholar
  34. J. Kopinga and J. van den Burg, “Using soil and foliar analysis to diagnose the nutritional status of urban trees,” Journal of Arboriculture, vol. 21, pp. 17–24, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  35. A. Jug, C. Hofmann-Schielle, F. Makeschin, and K. E. Rehfuess, “Short-rotation plantations of balsam poplars, aspen and willows on former arable land in the Federal Republic of Germany. II. Nutritional status and bioelement export by harvested shoot axes,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 121, no. 1-2, pp. 67–83, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. A. K. Quaye, T. A. Volk, S. Hafner, D. J. Leopold, and C. Schirmer, “Impacts of paper sludge and manure on soil and biomass production of willow,” Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 2796–2806, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. M. Labrecque, T. I. Teodorescu, and S. Daigle, “Early performance and nutrition of two willow species in short-rotation intensive culture fertilized with wastewater sludge and impart on the soil characteristics,” Canadian Journal of Forest Research, vol. 28, no. 11, pp. 1621–1635, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. H. G. Adegbidi, R. D. Briggs, T. A. Volk, E. H. White, and L. P. Abrahamson, “Effect of organic amendments and slow-release nitrogen fertilizer on willow biomass production and soil chemical characteristics,” Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 389–398, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. M. Labrecque and T. I. Teodorescu, “Influence of plantation site and wastewater sludge fertilization on the performance and foliar nutrient status of two willow species grown under SRIC in southern Quebec (Canada),” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 150, no. 3, pp. 223–239, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. J. van den Burg, Foliar Analysis for Determination of Tree Nutrient Saturation—A Compilation of Literature Data, Institute for Forestry and Urban Ecology, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 1990.
  41. P. J. Tharakan, T. A. Volk, C. A. Nowak, and L. P. Abrahamson, “Morphological traits of 30 willow clones and their relationship to biomass production,” Canadian Journal of Forest Research, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 421–431, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus