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Applied and Environmental Soil Science
Volume 2016, Article ID 7302148, 13 pages
Research Article

Assessing the Suitability and Availability of Land for Agriculture in Tuban Regency, East Java, Indonesia

1Department of Soil Science and Land Resources, Bogor Agricultural University, Jalan Meranti, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
2Geospatial Information Agency, Jalan Raya Jakarta-Bogor Km. 46, Cibinong, Bogor 16911, Indonesia
3Center for Environmental Research, Gedung PPLH, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
4UMR SAS, Agrocampus Ouest, INRA, 65 Rue de Saint-Brieuc, 35000 Rennes, France

Received 16 March 2016; Revised 6 June 2016; Accepted 9 June 2016

Academic Editor: Marco Trevisan

Copyright © 2016 Widiatmaka et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Indonesian food production depends highly on Java Island, which holds the most fertile soils in the country but had limited area. The objective of the research was to analyse the availability of suitable land for agriculture in Tuban Regency, an agricultural regency in Java Island. Land suitability was evaluated with spatial multicriteria analysis, integrating soil order, land capability, elevation, slope, slope direction, land use/land cover, accessibility, and climate. Land availability was analysed, integrating the forest area status designation and the spatial pattern of regional official land use plan. The results indicated that suitable land for agriculture corresponds to 91% of the total study area, confirming the high soil fertility. Analysis of land availability then indicated that 18% of the area was both suitable and available for agriculture. Considering the actual land utilization, the future development of agriculture in the region has less than 7% of the land area left for agricultural expansion. The overall results showed the importance of looking for land allocated for agriculture outside Java Island to anticipate the need for food of a country with a high population growth rate and also developing planning for food production.