Table 2: List of most insecticides and fungicides previously approved for use on shallot cultivation in Wanasari Subdistrict.

NumberTypes of pesticidesFormulation nameActive ingredientsGroupClass by WHOPesticides usage () (%)Mean ± SD

(1)InsecticidesArjunaChlorfenapyrPirolII9634.47 ± 0.93
(2)InsecticidesTumagonBuprofezinTiadiazinIII8533.51 ± 1.70
(3)InsecticidesDursbanChlorpyrifosOrganophosphateII6034.64 ± 2.91
(4)InsecticidesMarshalCarbosulfanCarbamateII5234.42 ± 2.27
(5)InsecticidesSumobeta-CyfluthrinPyrethroidIb4534.81 ± 3.06
(6)InsecticidesTrigardCyromazineUreaIII2333.57 ± 4.00
(7)FungicidesAntracolPropinebCarbamate, organozincU8834.85 ± 1.51
(8)FungicidesDelseneMancozebDithiocarbamate, organomanganeseU8234.06 ± 1.75
(9)FungicidesVondozebMancozebDithiocarbamate, organomanganeseU6334.05 ± 2.78
(10)FungicidesFolicurTebuconazoleTriazoleII5334.19 ± 2.24
(11)FungicidesAmistar topAzoxystrobinPyrimidineU4734.29 ± 3.06
(12)FungicidesDithaneMancozebDithiocarbamate, organomanganeseU2733.69 ± 3.91

Average dose used per 15-liter tank (ml); classes information: Ib is highly hazardous, II is moderately hazardous, III is slightly hazardous, and U is unlikely to present acute hazard in normal use. U = unlikely to present acute hazard in normal use.