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Advances in Fuzzy Systems
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 219602, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/219602
Research Article

WLAN Cell Handoff Latency Abatement Using an FPGA Fuzzy Logic Algorithm Implementation

Instituto Politécnico Nacional-CITEDI, Avenida del Parque No. 1310, 22510 Tijuana, BC, Mexico

Received 5 May 2012; Accepted 29 May 2012

Academic Editor: Oscar Castillo

Copyright © 2012 Roberto Sepúlveda et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Following the path toward 4 G set by its wireless siblings LTE and WiMax, IEEE 802.11 technology, universally known as WiFi, is evolving to become a high data rate QoS-enabled mobile platform. The IEEE 802.11n standard yields data rates up to 450 Mbp s and the 802.11e standard ensures proficient QoS for real-time applications. Still in need of better performance, multicell environments that provide extended coverage allow the mobile station nomadic passage beyond a single cell by means of cell dissociation-association process known as handoff. This process poses a challenge for real-time applications like voice over IP (150 ms maximum delay) and video (200–400 ms) sessions, to give the user a seamless cell-crossing without data loss or session breakage. It presented an approach of a predictive fuzzy Logic controller to reduce the channel scanning process to a tenth of the standard time, and its efficient FPGA implementation to speed up the processing time. The algorithm of the fuzzy controller was implemented in C language. Experimental results are provided.