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Advances in Hematology
Volume 2018, Article ID 1858241, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/1858241
Research Article

Prevalence of Bleeding Symptoms among Adolescents and Young Adults in the Capital City of Saudi Arabia

1Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2Center of Excellence in Thrombosis and Hemostasis, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3Pediatric Hematology, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
4Oncology Center, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
5Research Center, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
6Ministry of Education, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence should be addressed to Tarek Owaidah; as.ude.crhsfk@hadiawot

Received 18 February 2018; Accepted 25 March 2018; Published 2 May 2018

Academic Editor: Elvira Grandone

Copyright © 2018 Tarek Owaidah et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Bleeding disorders vary in prevalence. While some are rare, some can be common in both sexes. Most bleeding disorders manifest as chronic bleeding tendencies or as an increase in bleeding during surgical procedures or trauma. The consequences of bleeding can be as simple as iron deficiency or catastrophic, resulting in severe morbidity and mortality. Bleeding disorders typically affect both sexes except hemophilia A and B, which mainly affects males. Method. We conducted a questionnaire-based survey among adolescents and young adults (1901 boys, 1980 girls) in Riyadh city regarding bleeding symptoms. Of these, 1849 (47.6%) responded “Yes/Positive” for at least one question about the bleeding symptoms. Results. The most common bleeding symptom was epistaxis (19.7% of the sample population) detected in Phase I of the study. A tandem survey was conducted among 525 adolescents who had responded “Yes/Positive” to any one of the questions inquiring about bleeding symptoms. Conclusion. In this study, we report for the first time the prevalence of bleeding symptoms in a representative sample of Saudi adolescents and young adults.