Advances in Hematology / 2018 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Prevalence and Factors Associated with Anemia among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinic at St. Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Table 2

Prevalence of anemia among pregnant women by sociodemographic, obstetric, and other characteristics of pregnant women (N=284).

Variables Anemia statusAOR (95 CI)P value
Non-Anemic ()Anemic ()

Age group
 ≤2015 (93.8%)1 (6.2%)1
 21-2586 (92.5%)7 (7.5%)1.53 (.16-14.70)0.71
 26-30100 (84.7%)18 (15.3%)4.47 (.47-42.83)0.19
 31-3537 (86.0%)6 (14.0%)5.58 (.457-68.10)0.18
 ≥3613 (92.9%)1 (7.1%)3.55 (.13-100.17)0.46

weight group
 40-4927 (96.4%)1 (3.6%)1
 50-5981 (91.0%)8 (9.0%)2.34 (.25-21.85)0.45
 60-6984 (82.4%)18 (17.6%)5.14 (.57-46.17)0.14
 70-7936 (90.0%)4 (10.0%)1.38 (.12-16.30)0.80
 ≥8023 (92.0%)2 (8.0%)1.47 (.101-21.47)0.78

Occupation
 Farmer16 (100.0%)0 (.0%)
 Housewife141 (86.0%)23 (14.0%)
 Government22 (91.7%)2 (8.3%)
 Student7 (87.5%)1 (12.5%)
 Private65 (90.3%)7 (9.7%)

Educational status
 Not educated40 (95.2%)2(4.8%)
 Elementary98(85.2%)17 (14.8%)
 Secondary48(88.9%)6(11.1%)
 Preparatory21 (91.3%)2(8.7%)
 University/college44 (88.0%)6 (12.0%)

Residence
 Rural23 (100.0%)0 (.0%)
 Urban228 (87.4%)33 (12.6%)

Trimester
 1st trimester46 (95.8%)2(4.2%)1
 2nd trimester55(83.3%)11(16.7%)6.72 (1.17-38.45)0.03
 3rd trimester150 (88.2%)20(11.8%)8.31 (1.24-55.45)0.03

Previous Pregnancy
 No81 (90.0%)9 (10.0%)
 Yes170(87.6%)24(12.4%)

Gravidity
 181 (90.0%)9 (10.0%)
 2-4145 (87.3%)21 (12.7%)
 ≥525 (89.3%)3 (10.7%)

Number of child
 None112 (90.3%)12 (9.7%)1
 170 (82.4%)15 (17.6%)2.49 (.000)0.99
 247 (92.2%)4 (7.8%)6.81 (.000)0.99
 ≥322 (91.7%)2 (8.3%)6.99 (.000)0.99

Space b/n the current pregnancy and the last child
 0 year110(90.2%)12(9.8%)1
 1 year11(91.7%)1(8.3%).00(.00)0.99
 2 year20(95.2%)1 (4.8%).00(.00)0.99
 3 year30(90.9%)3(9.1%).00(.00)0.99
 4 year and above80 (83.3%)16 (16.7%).00(.00)0.99

Blood loss
 No224(87.5%)32(12.5%)1
 Yes27 (96.4%)1(3.6%).29 (.03-2.52)0.26

Abortion
 No185(89.4%)22 (10.6%)1
 Yes66 (85.7%)11(14.3%)2.06 (.82-5.15)0.12

Number of abortion
 None185 (89.4%)22 (10.6%)
 Once48 (85.7%)8 (14.3%)
 Two and above18 (85.7%)3 (14.3%)

Iron/folic acid Supplementation
 No100 (85.5%)17(14.5%)4.03(1.49-10.92)0.01
 Yes151 (90.4%)16 (9.6%)1

Meat and Animal Product
 No11(84.6%)2(15.4%)
 Yes240 (88.6%)31(11.4%)

Frequency of eating meat and animal product
 every day33 (89.2%)4(10.8%)
 every 2 day19(86.4%)3(13.6%)
 once in week139 (86.9%)21 (13.1%)
 once in month50 (94.3%)3 (5.7%)
 none10 (83.3%)2 (16.7%)

Fruit and Vegetable
 No2 (66.7%)1 (33.3%)
 Yes249 (88.6%)32 (11.4%)

Frequency of eating fruit and vegetable
 every day89 (89.0%)11 (11.0%)
 every 2 day51 (87.9%)7 (12.1%)
 once in week106 (88.3%)14 (11.7%)
 once in month3(100.0%)0 (.0%)
 none2 (66.7%)1 (33.3%)

< 0.05 (statistically significant association) for the Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR).