Table 2: Sociodemographic characteristics and their association with anemia under unadjusted logistic regression analysis (n = 301).

Sociodemographic variablesFrequency (%)Anemia statusOR (95%CI)Χ2P value
Anemic
frequency (%)
Not anemic
frequency (%)
104(34.6)197(65.4)

Age in complete years (median age = 38 ± 10.38)4.560.11
 18 - 2953(17.6)20330.64[0.33, 1.26]
 30 - 39119(39.5)48710.57[0.34, 0.97]
 ≥ 40129(42.9)3693∗∗
Gender6.890.01∗
 Female187(62.1)751121.96[1.18, 3.28]
 Male114(37.9)2985∗∗
Residence0.430.51
 Urban271(90)921791.30[0.60, 2.81]
 Rural30(10)1218∗∗
Religion0.590.44
 Christian261(86.7)881731.31[0.66, 2.59]
 Muslim40(13.3)1624∗∗
Ethnic group0.190.91
 Amhara114(37.9)40741.07[0.54, 2.11]
 Oromo135(44.9)45901.15[0.59, 2.25]
 Other52(17.3)1933∗∗
Marital status0.860.35
 Married150(49.8)481021.25[0.78, 2.02]
 Unmarried151(50.2)5695
Educational status3.000.60
 Not read and write52(17.3)19330.52[0.21, 1.33]
 Read and write63(20.9)23400.52[0.21, 1.29]
 Primary school87(28.9)30570.57[0.24, 1.36]
 Secondary school60(19.9)23370.48[0.20, 1.20]
 College and above39(13.0)930∗∗
Occupation5.340.02∗
 Unemployed152(50.5)431090.57[0.35, 0.92]
 Employed149(49.5)6188∗∗

Note. Religion: Christian includes orthodox, protestant, and catholic. Ethnic group: other includes Gurage and Tigre. Marital status: Unmarried includes living together, widowed, single, and divorced. Occupation:unemployed includes merchant, housewife, student, farmer, and daily laborer. Employed includes private and governmental employees.
Statistical significance at 95% CI, P < 0.05; ∗∗ reference; ∗ statistically significant.