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Advances in Human-Computer Interaction
Volume 2013, Article ID 515164, 13 pages
Research Article

Development of Estimating Equation of Machine Operational Skill by Utilizing Eye Movement Measurement and Analysis of Stress and Fatigue

1School of Science and Technology for Future Life, Department of Robotics and Mechatronics, Tokyo Denki University, 5 Asahi-chou, Senju, Adachi-ku, Tokyo 120-8551, Japan
2Hitachi Communication Networks Ltd., 1-1-10 Ohmorikita, Ohta-ku, Tokyo 143-0016, Japan
3Fuji Heavy Industries Ltd., 3-9-6 Ohsawa, Mitakashi, Tokyo 181-8577, Japan

Received 24 January 2013; Accepted 10 July 2013

Academic Editor: Eva Cerezo

Copyright © 2013 Satoshi Suzuki et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


For an establishment of a skill evaluation method for human support systems, development of an estimating equation of the machine operational skill is presented. Factors of the eye movement such as frequency, velocity, and moving distance of saccade were computed using the developed eye gaze measurement system, and the eye movement features were determined from these factors. The estimating equation was derived through an outlier test (to eliminate nonstandard data) and a principal component analysis (to find dominant components). Using a cooperative carrying task (cc-task) simulator, the eye movement and operational data of the machine operators were recorded, and effectiveness of the derived estimating equation was investigated. As a result, it was confirmed that the estimating equation was effective strongly against actual simple skill levels (). In addition, effects of internal condition such as fatigue and stress on the estimating equation were analyzed. Using heart rate (HR) and coefficient of variation of R-R interval (). Correlation analysis between these biosignal indexes and the estimating equation of operational skill found that the equation reflected effects of stress and fatigue, although the equation could estimate the skill level adequately.