Advances in Human-Computer Interaction / 2014 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

A Hierarchical Probabilistic Framework for Recognizing Learners’ Interaction Experience Trends and Emotions

Table 1

Descriptive statistics on intensities of emotions for each interaction trend in the three learning environments. Standard errors given in parentheses. ANOVAs reported in italics (p < 0.001).

EnvironmentExperience trendStressConfusionBoredomFrustration

TrigonometryFlow 22.72 (1.37) 18.46 (1.36) 07.64 (1.20) 15.28 (1.40)
Stuck 46.37 (1.94)57.96 (1.94) 25.03 (1.71)50.17 (1.99)
Off-task49.69 (2.80)74.30 (2.80)58.66 (2.46)67.58 (2.87)
F(2, 701) 69.47 238.65 180.45 189.163

BDSFlow 24.91 (1.98) 18.88 (2.07) 09.47 (1.87) 10.62 (1.78)
Stuck45.85 (3.53)57.26 (3.70) 20.47 (3.34) 36.04 (3.17)
Off-task50.36 (3.97)70.36 (4.16)49.41 (3.75)58.45 (3.56)
F(2, 261) 24.51 84.53 45.77 82.36

LogicFlow 17.13 (1.20) 16.36 (1.23) 06.71 (1.11) 11.25 (1.16)
Stuck 44.01 (1.72) 57.32 (1.76) 24.73 (1.58) 45.47 (1.66)
Off-task56.79 (2.30)77.19 (2.35)64.45 (2.11)66.39 (2.22)
F(2, 877) 157.47 353.30 297.16 307.07