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Advances in High Energy Physics
Volume 2010, Article ID 297916, 84 pages
Review Article

A Holographic View on Physics out of Equilibrium

Science Laboratories, Centre for Particle Theory and Department of Mathematical Sciences, Durham University, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK

Received 14 June 2010; Accepted 5 August 2010

Academic Editor: Carlos Nunez

Copyright © 2010 Veronika E. Hubeny and Mukund Rangamani. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


We review the recent developments in applying holographic methods to understand nonequilibrium physics in strongly coupled field theories. The emphasis will be on elucidating the relation between evolution of quantum field theories perturbed away from equilibrium and the dual picture of dynamics of classical fields in black hole backgrounds. In particular, we discuss the linear response regime, the hydrodynamic regime, and finally the nonlinear regime of interacting quantum systems. We also describe how the duality might be used to learn some salient aspects of black hole physics in terms of field theory observables.