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Advances in High Energy Physics publishes the results of theoretical and experimental research on the nature of, and interaction between, energy and matter.
Chief Editor, Professor Seidel, is a professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of New Mexico. She is a collaborator on the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider, researching high-energy collider physics.
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Interacting Rényi Holographic Dark Energy in the Brans-Dicke Theory
In this work, we construct an interacting model of the Rényi holographic dark energy in the Brans-Dicke theory of gravity using Rényi entropy in a spatially flat Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker Universe considering the infrared cut-off as the Hubble horizon. In this setup, we then study the evolutionary history of some important cosmological parameters, in particular, deceleration parameter, Hubble parameter, equation of state parameter, and Rényi holographic dark energy density parameter in both nonflat Universe and flat Universe scenarios and also observe satisfactory behaviors of these parameters in the model. We find that during the evolution, the present model can give rise to a late-time accelerated expansion phase for the Universe preceded by a decelerated expansion phase for both flat and nonflat cases. Moreover, we obtain as , which indicates that this model behaves like the cosmological constant at the future. The stability analysis for the distinct estimations of the Rényi parameter and coupling coefficient has been analyzed. The results indicate that the model is stable at the late time.
Gravitational Collapse and Singularity Removal in Rastall Theory
In the present work, we study spherically symmetric gravitational collapse of a homogeneous fluid in the framework of Rastall gravity. Considering a nonlinear equation of state (EoS) for the fluid profiles, we search for a class of nonsingular collapse solutions and the possibility of singularity removal. We find that depending on the model parameters, the collapse scenario halts at a minimum value of the scale factor at which a bounce occurs. The collapse process then enters an expanding phase in the postbounce regime, and consequently the formation of a spacetime singularity is prevented. We also find that, in comparison to the singular case where the apparent horizon forms to cover the singularity, the formation of apparent horizon can be delayed allowing thus the bounce to be causally connected to the external universe. The nonsingular solutions we obtain satisfy the weak energy condition (WEC) which is crucial for physical validity of the model.
The Physics Case for an Electron-Muon Collider
An electron-muon collider with an asymmetric collision profile targeting multi-ab-1 integrated luminosity is proposed. This novel collider, operating at collision energies of, e.g., 20–200 GeV, 50–1000 GeV, and 100–3000 GeV, would be able to probe charged lepton flavor violation and measure Higgs boson properties precisely. The collision of an electron and muon beam leads to less physics background compared with either an electron-electron or a muon-muon collider, since electron-muon interactions proceed mostly through higher-order vector boson fusion and vector boson scattering processes. The asymmetric collision profile results in collision products that are boosted towards the electron beam side, which can be exploited to reduce beam-induced background from the muon beam to a large extent. With this in mind, one can imagine a lepton collider complex, starting from colliding order 10 GeV electron and muon beams for the first time in history and to probe charged lepton flavor violation, then to be upgraded to a collider with 50-100 GeV electron and 1-3 TeV muon beams to measure Higgs properties and search for new physics and finally to be transformed to a TeV-scale muon-muon collider. The cost should vary from order 100 million to a few billion dollars, corresponding to different stages, which make the funding situation more practical.
Aspects of Semiclassical Black Holes: Development and Open Problems
The current work is a review, dedicated to the study of semiclassical aspects of black holes. We begin by briefly looking at the main statements of general relativity. We then consider the Schwarzschild, Kerr, and Reissner-Nordstrom black hole solutions and discuss their geometrical properties. Later, the thermodynamic nature of black holes is established. In light of this, we formulate the information loss problem and present the most promising approaches for addressing it with emphasis on introducing low-energy quantum corrections to the classical general relativity picture. Finally, in the context of multimessenger astronomy, we look at naked singularities as possible gravitational collapse endstates and their role in the unitarity of quantum mechanics and discuss their observational prospects.
Event Shape and Multiplicity Dependence of Freeze-Out Scenario and System Thermodynamics in Proton+Proton Collisions at Using PYTHIA8
Recent observations of QGP-like conditions in high-multiplicity pp collisions from ALICE experiment at the LHC warrant an introspection whether to use pp collisions as a baseline measurement to characterize heavy-ion collisions for the possible formation of a Quark-Gluon Plasma. A double differential study of the particle spectra and thermodynamics of the produced system as a function of charged-particle multiplicity and transverse spherocity in pp collisions would shed light on the underlying event dynamics. Transverse spherocity, one of the event shape observables, allows to separate the events in terms of jetty and isotropic events. We analyse the identified particle transverse momentum () spectra as a function of charged-particle multiplicity and transverse spherocity using Tsallis nonextensive statistics and Boltzmann-Gibbs Blast-Wave (BGBW) model in pp collisions at using PYTHIA8 event generator. The extracted parameters such as temperature (), radial flow (), and nonextensive parameter () are shown as a function of charged-particle multiplicity for different spherocity classes. We observe that the isotropic events approach thermal equilibrium while the jetty ones remain far from equilibrium. We argue that, while studying the QGP-like conditions in small systems, one should separate the isotropic events from the spherocity-integrated events, as the production dynamics are different.
Hořava-Lifshitz Scalar Field Cosmology: Classical and Quantum Viewpoints
In this paper, we study a projectable Hořava-Lifshitz cosmology without the detailed balance condition minimally coupled to a nonlinear self-coupling scalar field. In the minisuperspace framework, the super-Hamiltonian of the presented model is constructed by means of which some classical solutions for the scale factor and scalar field are obtained. Since these solutions exhibit various types of singularities, we came up with the quantization of the model in the context of the Wheeler-DeWitt approach of quantum cosmology. The resulting quantum wave functions are then used to investigate the possibility of the avoidance of classical singularities due to quantum effects which show themselves important near these singularities.