Advances in High Energy Physics / 2013 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Charge Coupled Devices as Particle Detectors

Table 2

Some known values of the traps energy levels, of both capture cross-sections of free electrons and holes, respectively, in silicon, as well as of their polarization degree (pdg), implicitly.

TrapGroupEnergy (eV) (cm2) (cm2) pdgReferenceU (55°C) 
e /s [9]

11 1.4 × 10−167.6 × 10−150.01842−1.997[86]
5.0 × 10−161.0 × 10−15 0.5−0.3466[87]565
MnB7; 13 9.0 × 10−14[88]
( )+7; 13 2.1 × 10−123.5 × 10−136.0+ 1.282[89]
  
9
10
[90]3700
10 4.5 × 10−151.09 × 10−142.42+0.442[91]970
CrAl6; 13 1.5 × 10−16[88]
CrGa6; 13 1.5 × 10−15[88]
12 1.3 × 10−196.6 × 10−151.97 × 10− 5−5.417[86]
MnAl7; 13 5.0 × 10−15[88]
7 9.4+1.1204[89]
PVp E-center 14 [92] 70
3.7 × 10−16 [92]
VV trap14 4.0 × 10−15[1, page 820]
8 5.0 × 10−147.0 × 10−17714.3+3.286[86]
5 5.0 × 10−143.0 × 10−1816667+4.86[86]
10 5.4 × 10−14[91]
12 1.5 × 10−154.4 × 10−150.3409−0.538[86]
7 23.1 ( +1.57[89]
6 1.6 × 10−146.0 × 10−1626.67+1.642[93]
7.8 × 10−156.0 × 10−1613+1.282[93]
( )6; 13 5.0 × 10−151.0 × 10−140.5−0.3466[94]
PV+14 [92]1.8
4 3.1 × 10−141.4 × 10−1522.14+1.549[86]
4 1.3 × 10−142.8 × 10−17464.3+3.070[86]
( )+8; 13
(±0.02)
1.4 × 10−14
(±0.02)
1.1 × 10−15
( )
13+1.282[90]
MnAu7; 11
10 3.4 × 10−15[91]
6 2.3 × 10−131.1 × 10−132.091+0.369[86]
2.0 × 10−144.0 × 10−155+0.805[94]
VV hole trap14 2.0 × 10−16[1, page 820]
OV A-center16 1.0 × 10−14[1, page 820]
all Mn Traps7 [32, 89]6400