Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in High Energy Physics
Volume 2015, Article ID 541362, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/541362
Research Article

The DarkSide Multiton Detector for the Direct Dark Matter Search

C. E. Aalseth,1 P. Agnes,2 A. Alton,3 K. Arisaka,4 D. M. Asner,1 H. O. Back,5 B. Baldin,6 K. Biery,6 G. Bonfini,7 M. Bossa,8 A. Brigatti,9 J. Brodsky,5 F. Budano,10 L. Cadonati,11 M. Cadoni,12 F. Calaprice,5 N. Canci,4 A. Candela,7 H. Cao,5 M. Cariello,13 P. Cavalcante,7 A. Chepurnov,14 A. G. Cocco,15 C. Condon,5 L. Crippa,9 D. D’Angelo,9 M. D’Incecco,7 S. Davini,16 M. De Deo,7 A. Derbin,17 A. Devoto,12 F. Di Eusanio,5 E. Edkins,18 A. Empl,16 A. Fan,4 G. Fiorillo,15 K. Fomenko,19 G. Forster,11 M. Foxe,1 D. Franco,2 F. Gabriele,7 C. Galbiati,5 A. Goretti,5 L. Grandi,20 M. Gromov,14 M. Y. Guan,21 Y. Guardincerri,6 B. Hackett,18 K. Herner,6 A. Hime,1 P. Humble,1 E. Hungerford,16 Al. Ianni,7 An. Ianni,5 D. E. Jaffe,22 C. Jollet,23 K. Keeter,24 C. Kendziora,6 S. Kidner,25 V. Kobychev,26 G. Koh,5 D. Korablev,19 G. Korga,16 A. Kurlej,11 P. X. Li,21 M. Lissia,12 P. Lombardi,9 L. Ludhova,9 S. Luitz,27 G. Lukyachenko,14 Y. Q. Ma,21 I. Machulin,28 A. Mandarano,10 S. M. Mari,10 J. Maricic,18 L. Marini,10 D. Markov,28 J. Martoff,29 A. Meregaglia,23 E. Meroni,9 P. D. Meyers,5 T. Miletic,29 R. Milincic,18 M. Montuschi,7 M. E. Monzani,27 P. Mosteiro,5 B. Mount,24 V. Muratova,17 P. Musico,13 D. Montanari,6 A. Nelson,5 S. Odrowski,7 A. Odrzywolek,30 J. L. Orrell,1 M. Orsini,7 F. Ortica,31 L. Pagani,13 M. Pallavicini,13 E. Pantic,4,32 S. Parmeggiano,9 B. Parsells,5 K. Pelczar,30 N. Pelliccia,31 S. Perasso,2 L. Perasso,13 A. Pocar,11 S. Pordes,6 D. Pugachev,28 H. Qian,5 K. Randle,11 G. Ranucci,9 A. Razeto,7 K. Recine,29 B. Reinhold,18 A. Renshaw,4 A. Romani,31 N. Rossi,7 B. Rossi,5,15 S. D. Rountree,25 D. Sablone,16 P. Saggese,9 R. Saldanha,20 W. Sands,5 S. Sangiorgio,33 E. Segreto,7 D. Semenov,17 E. Shields,5 M. Skorokhvatov,28 M. Smallcomb,3 O. Smirnov,19 A. Sotnikov,19 Y. Suvurov,4 R. Tartaglia,7 J. Tatarowicz,29 G. Testera,13 A. Tonazzo,2 E. Unzhakov,17 R. B. Vogelaar,25 M. Wada,5 S. E. Walker,15 H. Wang,4 Y. Wang,21 A. W. Watson,29 S. Westerdale,5 R. Williams,1 M. Wojcik,30 J. Xu,5 C. G. Yang,21 J. Yoo,6 B. Yu,22 S. Zavatarelli,13 W. L. Zhong,21 and G. Zuzel30

1Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352, USA
2APC, Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 75205 Paris, France
3Physics and Astronomy Department, Augustana College, Sioux Falls, SD 57197, USA
4Physics and Astronomy Department, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
5Physics Department, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
6Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL 60510, USA
7Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, 67010 Assergi, Italy
8Gran Sasso Science Institute, 67100 L’Aquila, Italy
9Physics Department, Università degli Studi and INFN, 20133 Milano, Italy
10Physics Department, Università degli Studi Roma Tre and INFN, 00146 Roma, Italy
11Physics Department, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA
12Physics Department, Università degli Studi and INFN, 09042 Cagliari, Italy
13Physics Department, Università degli Studi and INFN, 16146 Genova, Italy
14Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991, Russia
15Physics Department, Università degli Studi Federico II and INFN, 80126 Napoli, Italy
16Department of Physics, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204, USA
17Saint Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina 188350, Russia
18Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
19Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna 141980, Russia
20Kavli Institute, Enrico Fermi Institute, and Department of Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
21Institute of High Energy Physics, Beijing 100049, China
22Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973, USA
23IPHC, Université de Strasbourg, CNRS/IN2P3, 67037 Strasbourg, France
24School of Natural Sciences, Black Hills State University, Spearfish, SD 57799, USA
25Physics Department, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
26Institute for Nuclear Research, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev 03680, Ukraine
27SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA
28National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, Moscow 123182, Russia
29Physics Department, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA
30Smoluchowski Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, 30059 Krakow, Poland
31Department of Chemistry, Biology and Biotechnology, Università degli Studi and INFN, 06123 Perugia, Italy
32Physics Department, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
33Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Avenue, Livermore, CA 94550, USA

Received 7 March 2014; Accepted 19 June 2014

Academic Editor: Marcello Messina

Copyright © 2015 C. E. Aalseth et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The publication of this article was funded by SCOAP3.

Linked References

  1. Committee on the Physics of the Universe, Board on Physics and Astronomy, and Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences of the National Research Council of the National Academies, Connecting Quarks with the Cosmos: Eleven Science Questions for the New Century, National Academies Press, 2003.
  2. National Science and Technology Council, Committee on Science, A 21st Century Frontier of Discovery, The Physics of the Universe, 2004.
  3. The Dark Matter Scientific Assessment Group, Report on the Direct Detection and Study of Dark Matter, 2007.
  4. The Particle Astrophysics Scientific Assessment Group, “Report of the HEPAP Particle Astrophysics Scientific Assessment Group (PASAG),” 2009.
  5. Z. Ahmed, D. S. Akerib, S. Arrenberg et al., “Search for inelastic dark matter with the CDMS II experiment,” Physical Review D, vol. 83, Article ID 112002, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. E. Armengaud, C. Augier, A. Beno'it [EDELWEISS Collaboration] et al., “Search for low-mass WIMPs with EDELWEISS-II heat-and-ionization detectors,” Physical Review D, vol. 86, Article ID 051701, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. G. Angloher, M. Bauer, I. Bavykina et al., “Results from 730 kg days of the CRESST-II Dark Matter search,” European Physical Journal C, vol. 72, no. 4, pp. 1–22, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. R. Bernabei, P. Belli, F. Cappella et al., “New results from DAMA/LIBRA,” The European Physical Journal C, vol. 67, no. 1-2, pp. 39–49, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. S. C. Kim, H. Bhang, J. H. Choi et al., “New limits on interactions between weakly interacting massive particles and nucleons obtained with CsI(Tl) crystal detectors,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 108, Article ID 181301, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. S. Archambault, F. Aubin, M. Auger et al., “Dark matter spin-dependent limits for WIMP interactions on 19F by PICASSO,” Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, vol. 682, no. 2, pp. 185–192, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. E. Behnke, J. Behnke, S. J. Brice et al., “Improved limits on spin-dependent WIMP-proton interactions from a two liter CF3I bubble chamber,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 106, no. 2, Article ID 021303, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. C. E. Aalseth, P. S. Barbeau, N. S. Bowden [CoGeNT Collaboration] et al., “Results from a search for light-mass dark matter with a p-type point contact germanium detector,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 106, Article ID 131301, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. E. Aprile, M. Alfonsi, K. Arisaka et al., “Dark matter results from 225 live days of XENON100 data,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 109, Article ID 181301, 1813. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. G. J. Alner, H. M. Araújo, A. Bewick et al., “First limits on WIMP nuclear recoil signals in ZEPLIN-II: a two-phase xenon detector for dark matter detection,” Astroparticle Physics, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 287–302, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. D. S. Akerib, X. Bai, H. M. Araujo et al., “First results from the LUX dark matter experiment at the Sanford Underground Research Facility,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 112, Article ID 091303, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. http://www-sk.icrr.u-tokyo.ac.jp/xmass/.
  17. A. Hime, “The MiniCLEAN dark matter experiment,” in Proceedings of the DPF Conference Proceedings, 2011.
  18. M. G. Boulay, “DEAP-3600 dark matter search at SNOLAB,” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 375, Article ID 012027, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. A. Rubbia, “ArDM: a ton-scale liquid Argon experiment for direct detection of Dark Matter in the Universe,” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 39, no. 39, article 129, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. R. Agnese, Z. Ahmed, A. J. Anderson et al., “Silicon detector dark matter results from the final exposure of CDMS II,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 111, Article ID 251301, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. R. Agnese, A. J. Anderson, M. Asai et al., “CDMSlite: a search for low-mass WIMPs using voltage-assisted calorimetric ionization detection in the superCDMS experiment,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 112, Article ID 041302, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. K. Zurek, “Theoretical results on Dark Matter,” in Proceedings of the 26th International Symposium on Lepton Photon Interactions at High Energies, San Francisco, Calif, USA, June 2013.
  23. T. Alexander, D. Alton, K. Arisaka et al., “Light yield in DarkSide-10: a prototype two-phase argon TPC for dark matter searches,” Astroparticle Physics, vol. 49, pp. 44–51, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. P. Cushman, C. Galbiati, D. N. McKinsey et al., “Snowmass CF1 summary: WIMP dark matter direct detection,” http://arxiv.org/abs/1310.8327.
  25. J. Xu, F. Calaprice, C. Galbiati et al., “A study of the residual 39Ar content in argon from underground sources,” http://arxiv.org/abs/1204.6011.
  26. P. Benetti, R. Acciarrif, F. Adamo et al., “First results from a dark matter search with liquid argon at 87 K in the Gran Sasso underground laboratory,” Astroparticle Physics, vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 495–507, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. M. G. Boulay and A. Hime, “Technique for direct detection of weakly interacting massive particles using scintillation time discrimination in liquid argon,” Astroparticle Physics, vol. 25, pp. 179–182, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. T. Alexander, H. O. Back, H. Cao et al., “Observation of the dependence on drift field of scintillation from nuclear recoils in liquid argon,” Physical Review D, vol. 88, Article ID 092006, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. A. Wright, P. Mosteiro, B. Loer, and F. Calaprice, “A highly efficient neutron veto for dark matter experiments,” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, vol. 644, no. 1, pp. 18–26, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. http://www.toray.us/products/electronics/ele_003.html.
  31. R. Greenwood and N. R. Chellew, “Improved 10B-loaded liquid scintillator with pulse-shape discrimination,” Review of Scientific Instruments, vol. 50, p. 466, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  32. M. Flaska and S. A. Pozzi, “Digital pulse shape analysis for the capture-gated liquid scintillator BC-523A,” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, vol. 599, no. 2-3, pp. 221–225, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  33. G. Alimonti, G. Anghloherd, C. Arpesella et al., “Ultra-low background measurements in a large volume underground detector,” Astroparticle Physics, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 141–157, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  34. G. Alimonti, C. Arpesella, G. Bacchiocchi et al., “A large-scale low-background liquid scintillation detector: the counting test facility at Gran Sasso,” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, vol. 406, no. 3, pp. 411–426, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  35. G. Alimonti, C. Arpesella, H. Back et al., “The Borexino detector at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso,” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, vol. 600, no. 3, pp. 568–593, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  36. H. O. Back, F. Calaprice, C. Condon et al., “First large scale production of low radioactivity argon from underground sources,” http://arxiv.org/abs/1204.6024.
  37. H. O. Back, T. Alexander, A. Alton et al., “First commissioning of a cryogenic distillation column for low radioactivity underground argon,” http://arxiv.org/abs/1204.6061.
  38. A. Empl, R. Jasim, E. Hungerford, and P. Mosteiro, “Study of cosmogenic neutron backgrounds at LNGS,” Submitted, http://arxiv.org/abs/1210.2708.
  39. R. Heaton, H. Lee, P. Skensved, and B. C. Robertson, “Neutron production from thick-target (α, n) reactions,” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, vol. 276, no. 3, pp. 529–538, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. R. Agnese, T. Alexander, A. Alto et al., “First results from the darkside-50 dark matter experiment at Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso,” http://arxiv.org/abs/1410.0653.