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Advances in High Energy Physics
Volume 2016, Article ID 8417598, 8 pages
Research Article

Magnetic Hexadecapole Transitions and Neutrino-Nuclear Responses in Medium-Heavy Nuclei

1Department of Physics, University of Jyvaskyla, P.O. Box 35, 40014 Jyvaskyla, Finland
2Research Center for Nuclear Physics, Osaka University, Osaka 567-0047, Japan

Received 17 March 2016; Accepted 14 April 2016

Academic Editor: Enrico Lunghi

Copyright © 2016 Lotta Jokiniemi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The publication of this article was funded by SCOAP3.


Neutrino-nuclear responses in the form of squares of nuclear matrix elements, NMEs, are crucial for studies of neutrino-induced processes in nuclei. In this work we investigate magnetic hexadecapole (M4) NMEs in medium-heavy nuclei. The experimentally derived NMEs, (M4), deduced from observed M4 transition half-lives are compared with the single-quasiparticle (QP) NMEs, (M4), and the microscopic quasiparticle-phonon model (MQPM) NMEs (M4). The experimentally derived M4 NMEs are found to be reduced by a coefficient with respect to (M4) and by with respect to (M4). The M4 NMEs are reduced a little by the quasiparticle-phonon correlations of the MQPM wave functions but mainly by other nucleonic and nonnucleonic correlations which are not explicitly included in the MQPM. The found reduction rates are of the same order of magnitude as those for magnetic quadrupole transitions and Gamow-Teller (GT) and spin-dipole (SD) transitions. The impacts of the found reduction coefficients on the magnitudes of the NMEs involved in astroneutrino interactions and neutrinoless double beta decays are discussed.