Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in High Energy Physics
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 1248563, 15 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1248563
Review Article

A Review of Elliptic Flow of Light Nuclei in Heavy-Ion Collisions at RHIC and LHC Energies

1Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80000, 3508 TA Utrecht, Netherlands
2School of Physical Sciences, National Institute of Science Education and Research, Jatni 752050, India
3Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Tirupati 517507, India

Correspondence should be addressed to Md. Rihan Haque

Received 30 June 2016; Revised 27 September 2016; Accepted 29 May 2017; Published 15 August 2017

Academic Editor: Shi-Hai Dong

Copyright © 2017 Md. Rihan Haque et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The publication of this article was funded by SCOAP3.

Linked References

  1. M. Stephanov, K. Rajagopal, and E. Shuryak, “Signatures of the tricritical point in QCD,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 81, no. 22, pp. 4816–4819, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. A. Stephanov, K. Rajagopal, and E. V. Shuryak, “Event-by-event fluctuations in heavy ion collisions and the QCD critical point,” Physical Review D, vol. 60, Article ID 114028, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. M. A. Stephanov, “QCD phase diagram: an overview,” https://arxiv.org/abs/hep-lat/0701002.
  4. K. Fukushima and T. Hatsuda, “The phase diagram of dense QCD,” Reports on Progress in Physics, vol. 74, no. 1, Article ID 014001, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. I. Arsene, Bearden. I. G., D. Beavis et al., “Quark–gluon plasma and color glass condensate at RHIC? The perspective from the BRAHMS experiment,” Nuclear Physics A, vol. 757, no. 1-2, pp. 1–27, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. B. B. Back, M. D. Baker, M. Ballintijn et al., “The PHOBOS perspective on discoveries at RHIC,” Nuclear Physics A, vol. 757, pp. 28–101, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. J. Adams, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed et al., “Experimental and theoretical challenges in the search for the quark–gluon plasma: The STAR Collaboration's critical assessment of the evidence from RHIC collisions,” Nuclear Physics A, vol. 757, no. 1–2, pp. 102–183, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. K. Adcox, S. S. Adler, S. Afanasiev et al., “Formation of dense partonic matter in relativistic nucleus–nucleus collisions at RHIC: experimental evaluation by the PHENIX Collaboration,” Nuclear Physics A, vol. 757, no. 1-2, pp. 184–283, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. S. Gupta, X. Luo, B. Mohanty, H. G. Ritter, and N. Xu, “Scale for the phase diagram of quantum chromodynamics,” Science, vol. 332, no. 6037, pp. 1525–1528, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. L. Adamczyk, J. K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev et al., “Energy dependence of moments of net-proton multiplicity distributions at RHIC,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 112, Article ID 032302, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. N. Itoh, “Hydrostatic equilibrium of hypothetical quark stars,” Progress of Theoretical Physics, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 291-292, 1970. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. K. Aamodt, A. Abrahantes Quintana, R. Achenbach et al., “The ALICE experiment at the CERN LHC,” Journal of Instrumentation, vol. 3, Article ID S08002, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  13. B. B. Abelev, J. Adam, D. Adamová et al., “Performance of the ALICE experiment at the CERN LHC,” International Journal of Modern Physics A, vol. 29, no. 24, article 120, Article ID 1430044, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. G. Lemaître, “Un Univers homogène de masse constante et de rayon croissant rendant compte de la vitesse radiale des nébuleuses extra-galactiques,” Annales de la société Scientifique de Bruxelles, vol. 47, pp. 49–59, 1927. View at Google Scholar
  15. A. Z. Mekjian, “Explosive nucleosynthesis, equilibrium thermodynamics, and relativistic heavy-ion collisions,” Physical Review C, vol. 17, article 1051, 1978. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. P. Siemens and J. I. Kapusta, “Evidence for a soft nuclear-matter equation of state,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 43, article 1486, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. P. Braun-Munzinger and J. Stachel, “Production of strange clusters and strange matter in nucleus-nucleus collisions at the AGS,” Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics, vol. 21, no. 3, article L17, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. P. Braun-Munzinger and J. Stachel, “Particle ratios, equilibration and the QCD phase boundary,” Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics, vol. 28, no. 7, article 1971, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. A. Andronic, P. Braun-Munzinger, J. Stachel, and H. Stocker, “Production of light nuclei, hypernuclei and their antiparticles in relativistic nuclear collisions,” Physics Letters B, vol. 697, no. 3, pp. 203–207, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. J. Stachel, A. Andronic, P. Braun-Munzinger, and K. Redlich, “Confronting LHC data with the statistical hadronization model,” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 509, no. 1, Article ID 01201, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. S. Chatterjee and B. Mohanty, “Production of light nuclei in heavy-ion collisions within a multiple-freezeout scenario,” Physical Review C, vol. 90, Article ID 034908, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. S. T. Butler and C. A. Pearson, “Deuterons from high-energy proton bombardment of matter,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 129, no. 836, 1963. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. A. Schwarzschild and A. Zupancic, “Production of Tritons, Deuterons, Nucleons, and Mesons by 30-GeV Protons on A1, Be, and Fe targets,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 129, no. 2, pp. 854–862, 1963. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. H. H. Gutbrod, A. Sandoval, P. J. Johansen et al., “Final-state interactions in the production of hydrogen and helium isotopes by relativistic heavy ions on uranium,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 37, 667 pages, 1976. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. H. Sato and K. Yazaki, “On the coalescence model for high energy nuclear reactions,” Physics Letters B, vol. 98, no. 3, pp. 153–157, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. E. A. Remler, “Composite particle cross sections from the density operator,” Annals of Physics, vol. 136, no. 2, pp. 293–316, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. Gyulassy, K. Frankel, and E. A. Remler, “Deuteron formation in nuclear collisions,” Nuclear Physics A, vol. 402, no. 3, pp. 596–611, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. L. Csernai and J. I. Kapusta, “Entropy and cluster production in nuclear collisions,” Physics Reports, vol. 131, no. 4, pp. 223–318, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. P. Danielewicz and G. F. Bertsch, “Production of deuterons and pions in a transport model of energetic heavy-ion reactions,” Nuclear Physics A, vol. 533, no. 4, pp. 712–748, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. C. B. Dover, U. Heinz, E. Schnedermann, and J. Zimnyi, “Covariant coalescence model for relativistically expanding systems,” Physical Review C, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 1636–1654, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. W. J. Llope, S. E. Pratt, N. Frazier et al., “The fragment coalescence model,” Physical Review C, vol. 52, article 2004, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  32. J. L. Nagle, B. S. Kumar, D. Kusnezov, H. Sorge, and R. Mattiello, “Coalescence of deuterons in relativistic heavy ion collisions,” Physical Review C, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 367–376, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. R. Scheibl and U. Heinz, “Coalescence and flow in ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions,” Physical Review C, vol. 59, article 1585, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  34. S. Zhang, J. Chen, H. Crawford, D. Keane, Y. Ma, and Z. B. Xu, “Searching for onset of deconfinement via hypernuclei and baryon-strangeness correlations,” Physics Letters B, vol. 684, no. 4-5, pp. 224–227, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  35. J. Steinheimer, K. Gudima, A. Botvina, I. Mishustin, M. Bleicher, and H. Stöcker, “Hypernuclei, dibaryon and antinuclei production in high energy heavy ion collisions: thermal production vs. coalescence,” Physics Letters B, vol. 714, no. 1, pp. 85–91, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  36. S. Mrówczyński, “Production of light nuclei in the thermal and coalescence models,” Acta Physica Polonica B, vol. 48, no. 4, p. 707, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  37. V. I. Voloshin, “Anisotropic flow,” Nuclear Physics A, vol. 715, pp. 379c–388c, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  38. D. Molnar and S. A. Voloshin, “Elliptic flow at large transverse momenta from quark coalescence,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 91, Article ID 092301, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  39. R. C. Hwa and C. B. Yang, “Scaling distributions of quarks, mesons, and proton for all PT energy, and centrality,” Physical Review C, vol. 67, no. 6, Article ID 064902, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  40. R. J. Fries, B. Muller, C. Nonaka, and S. A. Bass, “Hadronization in heavy-ion collisions: recombination and fragmentation of partons,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 90, Article ID 202303, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  41. L. Adamczyk, J. K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev et al., “Elliptic flow of identified hadrons in Au+Au collisions at sNN=7.7-62.4 GeV,” Physical Review C, vol. 88, Article ID 014902, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  42. L. Adamczyk, J. K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev et al., “Observation of an energy-dependent difference in elliptic flow between particles and anti-particles in relativistic heavy ion collisions,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 110, Article ID 142301, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  43. L. Adamczyk, J. K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev et al., “Centrality and transverse momentum dependence of elliptic flow of multistrange hadrons and Ø Meson in Au + Au Collisions at sNN=200 GeV,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 116, no. 6, Article ID 062301, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  44. S. S. Adler, Z. Ahammed, C. Allgower et al., “Identified particle elliptic flow in Au+Au collisions at sNN=200 GeV,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 91, Article ID 182301, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  45. S. S. Adler, S. Afanasiev, C. Aidala et al., “Identified charged particle spectra and yields in Au+Au collisions at sNN=200 GeV,” Physical Review C, vol. 69, Article ID 034909, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  46. S. Nagamiya, M.-C. Lemaire, E. Moeller et al., “Production of pions and light fragments at large angles in high-energy nuclear collisions,” Physical Review C, vol. 24, article 971, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  47. R. L. Auble, J. B. Ball, F. E. Bertrand et al., “Light ion emission from reactions induced by 0.8–2.4 GeV 16O projectiles,” Physical Review C, vol. 28, article 1552, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  48. S. Wang, S. Albergo, F. Bieser et al., “Light fragment production and power law behavior in Au + Au collisions,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 74, article 2646, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  49. M. A. Lisa, S. Albergo, F. Bieser et al., “Radial flow in Au + Au collisions at E = (0.25 – 1.15) A GeV,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 75, article 2662, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  50. M. Aoki, J. Beatty, D. Beavis et al., “Measurements at 0° of negatively charged particles and antinuclei produced in collisions of 14.6A GeV/c Si on Al, Cu, and Au targets,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 69, article 2345, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  51. T. A. Armstrong, K. N. Barish, S. Batsouli et al., “Antideuteron yield at the AGS and coalescence implications,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 85, article 2685, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  52. J. Barrette, R. Bellwied, S. Bennett et al., “Light fragment yields from central Au+Au collisions at 11.5A GeV/c,” Physical Review C, vol. 61, Article ID 044906, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  53. S. Albergo, R. Bellwied, M. Bennett et al., “Light nuclei production in heavy-ion collisions at relativistic energies,” Physical Review C, vol. 65, Article ID 034907, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  54. S. Kabana, G. Ambrosini, R. Arsenescu et al., “New results from NA52 on particle production in Pb+Pb collisions at 158 GeV per nucleon,” Nuclear Physics A, vol. 638, no. 1-2, pp. 411c–414c, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  55. T. Anticic, R. Snellings, and S. Voloshin, “Flow analysis with cumulants: direct calculations,” Physical Review C, vol. 85, Article ID 044913, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  56. G. L. Melkumov, “Recent results on (anti)nucleus and (anti)hyperon production in nucleus-nucleus collisions at CERN SPS energies,” PoS(CPOD07), 024, 2007.
  57. V. I. Kolesnikov, “Anti-nuclei and nuclei production in Pb+Pb collisions at CERN SPS energies,” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 110, no. 3, Article ID 032010, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  58. I. G. Bearden, H. Bøggild, J. G. Boissevain, and A. Ljubicic, “Antideuteron production in 158 A GeV/c Pb+Pb collisions,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 85, article 2681, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  59. A. Polleri, J. P. Bondorf, I. N. Mishustin et al., “Effects of collective expansion on light cluster spectra in relativistic heavy ion collisions,” Physics Letters B, vol. 419, pp. 19–24, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  60. S. Voloshin and Y. Zhang, “Flow study in relativistic nuclear collisions by Fourier expansion of azimuthal particle distributions,” Zeitschrift für Physik C Particles and Fields, vol. 70, no. 4, pp. 665–671, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  61. A. M. Poskanzer and S. A. Voloshin, “Methods for analyzing anisotropic flow in relativistic nuclear collisions,” Physical Review C, vol. 58, article 1671, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  62. P. Danielewicz, “Effects of compression and collective expansion on particle emission from central heavy-ion reactions,” Physical Review C, vol. 51, article 716, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  63. L. Adamczyk, J. K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev et al., “Measurement of elliptic flow of light nuclei at sNN=200, 62.4, 39, 27, 19.6, 11.5, and 7.7 GeV at the BNL relativistic heavy ion collider,” Physical Review C, vol. 94, Article ID 034908, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  64. J. Barrette et al., “Proton and pion production relative to the reaction plane in Au + Au collisions at 11 A GeV/c,” Physical Review C, vol. 56, article 3254, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  65. J. Barrette, R. Bellwied, S. Bennett et al., “Energy and charged particle flow in 10.8 A GeV/c Au+Au collisions,” Physical Review C, vol. 55, article 1420, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  66. S. Afanasiev et al., “Elliptic Flow for ϕ Mesons and (Anti)deuterons in Au + Au Collisions at sNN=200 GeV,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 99, Article ID 052301, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  67. S. Acharya, D. Adamová, J. Adolfsson et al., “Measurement of deuteron spectra and elliptic flow in Pb-Pb collisions at sNN=2.76 TeV at the LHC,” https://arxiv.org/abs/1707.07304.
  68. M. Anderson, J. Berkovitz, W. Betts et al., “The STAR time projection chamber: a unique tool for studying high multiplicity events at RHIC,” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A, vol. 499, pp. 659–678, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  69. J. Adams, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed et al., “Identified hadron spectra at large transverse momentum in p + p and d + Au collisions at sNN=200 GeV,” Physics Letters B, vol. 637, pp. 161–169, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  70. J. Alme, Y. Andres, H. Appelshäuser et al., “The ALICE TPC, a large 3-dimensional tracking device with fast readout for ultra-high multiplicity events,” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A, vol. 622, pp. 316–367, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  71. J. Adam, D. Adamová, M. M. Aggarwal et al., “Production of light nuclei and anti-nuclei in pp and Pb-Pb collisions at LHC energies,” Physical Review C, vol. 93, Article ID 024917, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  72. W. J. Llope and STAR TOF Group, “The large-area time-of-flight upgrade for STAR,” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, vol. 241, p. 306, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  73. W. J. Llope, “Multigap RPCs in the STAR experiment at RHIC,” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, vol. 661, pp. S110–S113, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  74. A. Akindinov, A. Alici, A. Agostinelli et al., “Performance of the ALICE time-of-flight detector at the LHC,” The European Physical Journal Plus, vol. 128, no. 44, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  75. B. Abelev, J. Adam, D. Adamová et al., “Elliptic flow of identified hadrons in Pb-Pb collisions at sNN=2.76 TeV,” Journal of High Energy Physics, vol. 2015, article 190, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  76. P. Huovinen, P. F. Kolb, U. W. Heinz, P. V. Ruuskanen, and S. A. Voloshin, “Radial and elliptic flow at RHIC: further predictions,” Physics Letters B, vol. 503, no. 1-2, pp. 58–64, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  77. H. Li, L. He, Z.-W. Lin, D. Molnar, F. Wang, and W. Xie, “Origin of the mass splitting of elliptic anisotropy in a multiphase transport model,” Physical Review C, vol. 93, Article ID 051901, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  78. H. Li, L. He, Z.-W. Lin, D. Molnar, F. Wang, and W. Xie, “Origin of the mass splitting of azimuthal anisotropies in a multi-phase transport model,” https://arxiv.org/abs/1604.07387.
  79. H. Xu, Z. Li, and H. Song, “High-order flow harmonics of identified hadrons in 2.76 A TeV Pb + Pb collisions,” Physical Review C, vol. 93, Article ID 064905, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  80. S. A. Voloshin, A. M. Poskanzer, and R. Snellings, Collective Phenomena in Non-Central Nuclear Collisions, vol. 23 of Landolt-Börnstein Series, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2010.
  81. Y. Burnier, D. E. Kharzeev, J. Liao, and H. U. Yee, “Chiral magnetic wave at finite baryon density and the electric quadrupole moment of the quark-gluon plasma,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 107, Article ID 052303, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  82. J. C. Dunlop, M. A. Lisa, and P. Sorensen, “Constituent quark scaling violation due to baryon number transport,” Physical Review C, vol. 84, Article ID 044914, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  83. V. Greco, M. Mitrovski, and G. Torrieri, “Elliptic flow in heavy ion collisions at varying energies: partonic versus hadronic dynamics,” Physical Review C, vol. 86, Article ID 044905, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  84. J. Steinheimer, V. Koch, and M. Bleicher, “Hydrodynamics at large baryon densities: understanding proton versus anti-proton v2 and other puzzles,” Physical Review C, vol. 86, Article ID 044903, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  85. J. Xu, L. W. Chen, C. M. Ko, and Z. W. Lin, “Effects of hadronic potentials on elliptic flows in relativistic heavy ion collisions,” Physical Review C, vol. 85, Article ID 041901, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  86. J. Xu, T. Song, C. M. Ko, and F. Li, “Elliptic flow splitting as a probe of the QCD phase structure at finite baryon chemical potential,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 112, Article ID 012301, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  87. T. Song, S. Plumari, V. Greco, C. M. Ko, and F. Li, “Partonic mean-field effects on matter and antimatter elliptic flows,” https://arxiv.org/abs/1211.5511.
  88. J. Xu, C. M. Ko, F. Li, T. Song, and H. Liu, “Mean-field potential effects on particle and antiparticle elliptic flows in the beam-energy scan program at RHIC,” Nuclear Physics Review, vol. 32, article 146, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  89. L. Adamczyk, J. K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev et al., “Centrality dependence of identified particle elliptic flow in relativistic heavy ion collisions at sNN=7.7-62.4 GeV,” Physical Review C, vol. 93, Article ID 014907, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  90. B. Abelev, J. Adam, D. Adamová et al., “Elliptic flow of identified hadrons in Pb-Pb collisions at sNN=2.76 TeV,” Journal of High Energy Physics, vol. 2015, article 190, 190 pages, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  91. T. Z. Yan, Y. G. Ma, X. Z. Cai et al., “Scaling of anisotropic flow and momentum-space densities for light particles in intermediate energy heavy ion collisions,” Physics Letters B, vol. 638, no. 1, pp. 50–54, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  92. Y. Oh and C. M. Ko, “Elliptic flow of deuterons in relativistic heavy-ion collisions,” Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics, vol. 76, no. 5, Article ID 054910, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  93. X. Sun, H. Masui, A. M. Poskanzer, and A. Schmah, “Blast wave fits to elliptic flow data at sNN=7.72760 GeV,” Physical Review C, vol. 91, Article ID 024903, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  94. Z. Lin, C. M. Ko, B. A. Li, B. Zhang, and S. Pal, “Multiphase transport model for relativistic heavy ion collisions,” Physical Review C, vol. 72, Article ID 064901, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  95. M. R. Haque, Nuclei production and azimuthal anisotropy of charged particles in heavy-ion collisions at RHIC [Ph.D Thesis], NISER India, https://drupal.star.bnl.gov/STAR/theses/phd-67.
  96. L. Zhu, C. M. Ko, and X. Yin, “Light (anti-)nuclei production and flow in relativistic heavy-ion collisions,” Physical Review C, vol. 92, no. 6, Article ID 064911, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  97. X. Dong, S. Esumi, P. Sorensen, N. Xu, and Z. Xu, “Resonance decay effects on anisotropy parameters,” Physics Letters B, vol. 597, no. 3-4, pp. 328–332, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  98. H. Agakishiev, A. V. Alakhverdyants, G. S. Averichev et al., “Observation of the antimatter helium-4 nucleus,” Nature, vol. 473, pp. 353–356, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  99. B. I. Abelev, M. M. Aggarwal, and Z. Ahammed, “Observation of an antimatter hypernucleus,” Science, vol. 328, no. 5974, pp. 58–62, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  100. J. Adam, D. Adamová, M. M. Aggarwal et al., “HA3 and production in Pb–Pb collisions at sNN=2.76 TeV,” Physics Letters B, vol. 754, pp. 360–372, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  101. B. Abelev, J. Adam, D. Adamová et al., “Production of charged pions, kaons and protons at large transverse momenta in pp and Pb-Pb collisions at sNN=2.76 TeV,” Physics Letters B, vol. 736, pp. 196–207, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar