Research Article | Open Access
Strong Coupling Constants of Negative Parity Heavy Baryons with and Mesons
The strong coupling constants of negative parity heavy baryons belonging to sextet and antitriplet representations of with light and mesons are estimated within the light cone QCD sum rules. It is observed that each class of the sextet-sextet, sextet-antitriplet, and antitriplet-antitriplet transitions can be described by only one corresponding function. The pollution arising from the positive to positive, positive to negative, and negative to positive parity baryons transitions is eliminated by constructing sum rules for different Lorentz structures. The obtained coupling constants are compared with the ones for the positive parity heavy baryons.
Recent years have been very productive in heavy baryon spectroscopy. The new states with (, ) and (, , ) as well as (, ) and () states have been discovered . Lately, LHCb collaboration has reported the observation of the five extremely narrow excited baryons decaying into . One possible explanation for the existence of these baryons is that they could be the bound states of wave -diquark and -quark . Up to now, the quantum numbers of newly observed states have not been identified yet. Therefore, the phenomenological studies play a crucial role in this subject. We hope that in the near future more detailed analysis of experiments will be carried out and the quantum numbers will be determined. We stress that the observation of new baryons paves the way for focusing on the studies of the properties of the negative parity baryons. A comprehensive theoretical study of weak, electromagnetic, and strong decay requires particular attention. A better way to distinguish the particles with different parity from the same final state is studying various decay channels, where one of the main parameters is the strong coupling constant.
Present work is devoted to the calculation of the strong coupling constants of negative parity heavy baryons with pseudoscalar and mesons within the light cone QCD sum rules (LCSR) (see, e.g., ). The strong coupling constants are the fundamental quantities to determine the strength of the strong interaction among the participated particles as well as playing an essential role for understanding the structure of hadrons. Note that the coupling constants of positive parity heavy baryons with and mesons are calculated in . A comparison study of strong decay constants for positive and negative parity states gives insight into underlying QCD dynamics at large distance.
The paper is organized as follows. In Section 2, the sum rules for the strong coupling constants of negative parity heavy baryons with pseudoscalar mesons are derived. In Section 3, the numerical analysis of the derived sum rules for BBP couplings is performed. Section 4 contains our conclusion.
2. Theoretical Framework
It is well known that the heavy baryons with single heavy quark belong to either a symmetric or antisymmetric flavor representation of group. From spin, color, and flavor symmetry properties it follows that the particles belonging to representation have total spin or , while the particles belonging to representation only have spin .
In order to calculate the coupling constants in the framework of the light cone QCD sum rules, we consider the following correlation function:where , , , and cases correspond to sextet-sextet, sextet-antitriplet, and antitriplet-antitriplet transitions, respectively. The interpolating currents for the spin- sextet and antitriplet heavy baryons can be written aswhere , , are the color indices and is the arbitrary parameter, and case corresponds to Ioffe current which we shall use in further discussions. The light quark content of sextet and antitriplet heavy baryons are given in Table 1.
The first stage of the calculation of within the light cone sum rules is writing it in terms of hadronic parameters. Saturating (1) by corresponding baryons we get,where () and () are the four momenta of final (initial) baryon and mass, respectively.
The interpolating current or interacts with both positive and negative parity baryons. Under this circumstance the matrix elements in (2) are defined aswhere is the residue of the positive (negative) parity baryon and is the coupling constant of the pseudoscalar meson with heavy baryon.
To construct the sum rules for the strong coupling constants of , , and (, , and correspond to sextet, antitriplet states, and pseudoscalar meson, resp.), the expressions of the correlation functions from the QCD side are needed. Before calculating the , , and coupling constants, we would like to make the following remark. Considering the approach presented in , one can easily show that each class of transitions can be described by only one invariant function. The main advantage of this approach is that relations among the invariant functions become structure independent although the expression of the invariant function is structure dependent. (For more details see .) Hence, to determine all the relevant coupling constants, it is enough to consider the , and transitions. All the other possible strong coupling constants can be obtained from these couplings; that is, each class of transitions is described only by one coupling constant.
Relations among the invariant functions can easily be obtained by using the approach given in . It follows from (6) that the correlation function contains contributions from positive-negative, negative-positive, and negative-negative transitions. Among them, we need only one, namely, , which described the transition between negative parity heavy baryons. For this goal, we need to solve four equations obtained from four different Lorentz structures, , , , and .
Now, let us turn our attention to the calculation of the correlation function from QCD side. As we have already noted, to construct the sum rules for strong coupling constants for , , and transitions, calculations of the correlation functions from QCD side are required. This can be calculated by using the operator product expansion (OPE) over the twist of nonlocal operators in the deep Euclidean region, where and .
The QCD part of the correlation function can be obtained by contracting quark fields. In this case, two different contributions appear: perturbative and nonperturbative. The perturbative contribution can be obtained by inserting the free quark propagators into the expression of correlation functions. The expressions of the light and heavy quark propagators arewhere are the modified Bessel functions of the second kind; and are the light and heavy quark mass, respectively. is the parameter for separating the perturbative and nonperturbative regions and for numerical calculations we use . On the other hand, the nonperturbative contribution can be obtained by replacing one of the light quark propagators bywhere is the full set of Dirac matrices. Then this expression is sandwiched between the pseudoscalar meson and vacuum states. These matrix elements as well as the ones , where is the gluon field strength tensor, are determined in terms of pseudoscalar meson distribution amplitudes (DA). Up to twist 4 the explicit expressions of the pseudoscalar meson DAs are presented in [8, 9]. In the present study we neglect the four-particle contributions due to their small values (see, e.g., .) Using these expressions for the propagators and DAs for the pseudoscalar mesons, the correlation functions from the QCD side can be calculated.
Equating the coefficients of the Lorentz structures , , , and in hadronic and QCD sides and performing the Borel transformations over and in order to suppress the contributions of higher states and continuum, we get the following four linear equations:where .
Solving (10) for we get the desired sum rules for the strong coupling constant , responsible for the , , and transitions:
The expressions of responsible for , , and are very lengthy, and for this reason, we do not present all of them here.
In (11), and are the Borel mass square parameters. Due to the fact that initial and final baryon masses are very close to each other, we take . The residues of and of heavy baryons are calculated in . The continuum subtraction procedure is carried out at and at point by using the expression
3. Numerical Analysis
In the present section, we perform the numerical analysis of the light cone sum rules for the strong coupling constants of spin negative parity heavy baryons with and mesons obtained in the previous section. The main input parameters of the LCSR are the pseudoscalar meson DAs which are derived in [8, 9]. The values of other input parameters entering the sum rules are the lepton decay constants and whose values are GeV and GeV. For performing numerical analysis, the masses of the and quarks are taken as zero and for the mass of strange, charm and beauty quarks we used: MeV, GeV, and GeV, and we put renormalization scale GeV. If the renormalization scale is chosen as GeV, the results change by 5–8% at most.
The sum rules for the coupling constants describing , , and transitions contain two auxiliary parameters (when ), continuum threshold and Borel mass parameter . One of the main issues of the sum rules is to find the so-called working region of these parameters where the coupling constants are insensitive to their variation. The limits of are obtained from the conditions that the pole contributions should be dominant over the higher states and continuum contributions as well as the convergence of operator product expansion. Our numerical analysis shows that these conditions are satisfied when change in the regions.(i)For -sector:(ii)For -sector:
The continuum threshold in sum rules is related to the first excited energy state, . Analysis of the various sum rules leads to the result that usually varies between and GeV. In our numerical analysis for , we used : GeV. As an example, in Figures 1, 2, and 3, we present the dependence of the coupling constant for , , and transitions on at two fixed values of . From these figures we observe that exhibits good stability with respect to the variation of in the “working region.” The results are weakly dependent on the values and we getA similar analysis for strong coupling constants of the other channels is performed, and the obtained values are depicted in Tables 2 and 3. In this table, we also present the values of the strong coupling constants of the corresponding positive parity baryons for completeness.
The errors in the values of the included uncertainties coming from the variation of , , and the values of the input parameters. Comparing these results, we see that the strong coupling constants of heavy hadrons with -quark with pseudoscalar mesons for positive parity baryons are larger than similar couplings for negative parity ones. In the transitions between heavy hadrons with -quark, the situation is analogous to the previous case. Only for a small number of transitions, the coupling constants of the negative parity heavy baryons with pseudoscalar mesons exceed similar couplings for positive parity ones.
Our final remark is about the form of the interpolating current. As we already noted, the interpolating current contains auxiliary parameters . We perform calculations at (Ioffe current). In order to compare the results for strong coupling constants when general current and Ioffe current are used, the results of this present work should be recalculated, and the numerical analysis needs to be reperformed.
In this work, we estimate the strong coupling constants of the negative parity heavy baryons with pseudoscalar mesons within the light cone QCD sum rules. It is emphasized that each class of transitions, namely, sextet-sextet, sextet-antitriplet, and antitriplet-antitriplet transitions, can be described by only one corresponding invariant function. The values of strong coupling constants for the transitions under consideration are presented, and the results are compared with similar couplings for positive parity heavy baryons.
Conflicts of Interest
The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this paper.
The authors acknowledge METU-BAP Grant no. 01-05-2017-004.
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Copyright © 2017 T. M. Aliev et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The publication of this article was funded by SCOAP3.