Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in High Energy Physics
Volume 2019, Article ID 8372416, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/8372416
Research Article

A Description of Transverse Momentum Distributions in Collisions at RHIC and LHC Energies

College of Science, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai 200093, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Zhi-Jin Jiang; moc.361@562jzj

Received 2 January 2019; Revised 22 March 2019; Accepted 14 April 2019; Published 5 May 2019

Guest Editor: Raghunath Sahoo

Copyright © 2019 Jia-Qi Hui and Zhi-Jin Jiang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The publication of this article was funded by SCOAP3.

Linked References

  1. I. Arsene, I. G. Bearden, and D. Beavis, “Quark-gluon plasma and color glass condensate at RHIC? The perspective from the BRAHMS experiment,” Nuclear Physics A, vol. 757, no. 1-2, pp. 1–27, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. B. B. Back, M. D. Baker, and M. Ballintijn, “The PHOBOS perspective on discoveries at RHIC,” Nuclear Physics A, vol. 757, no. 1-2, pp. 28–101, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. J. Adams, M. M. Aggarwal, and Z. Ahammed, “Experimental and theoretical challenges in the search for the quark–gluon plasma: The STAR Collaboration's critical assessment of the evidence from RHIC collisions,” Nuclear Physics A, vol. 757, no. 1-2, pp. 102–183, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. K. Adcox, S. S. Adler, S. Afanasiev et al., “RHIC: Experimental evaluation by the PHENIX Collaboration,” Nuclear Physics A, vol. 757, no. 1-2, pp. 184–283, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. T. Alexopoulos et al., “Mass-identified particle production in proton-antiproton collisions at , 540, 1000, and 1800 GeV,” Physical Review D, vol. 48, Article ID 984, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. P. Lévai and B. Müller, “Transverse baryon flow as possible evidence for a quark-gluon-plasma phase,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 67, no. 12, pp. 1519–1522, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. G. N. Fowler, E. M. Friedlander, R. M. Weiner, and G. Wilk, “Possible manifestation of quark-gluon plasma in multiplicity distributions from high-energy reactions,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 57, no. 17, pp. 2119–2122, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. E. M. Friedlander and R. M. Weiner, “Evidence from very large transverse momenta of a change with temperature of velocity of sound in hadronic matter,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 43, pp. 15–18, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. M. G. Albrow, S. Almehed, P. S. L. Booth et al., “Studies of proton-proton collisions at the CERN ISR with an identified charged hadron of high transverse momentum at 90°: (II) On the distribution of charged particles in the central region,” Nuclear Physics B, vol. 145, no. 2-3, pp. 305–348, 1978. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. A. Bialas, R. A. Janik, and R. Peschanski, “Unified description of Bjorken and Landau 1+1 hydrodynamics,” Physical Review C nuclear physics, vol. 76, no. 5, Article ID 054901, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. C. Y. Wong, “Landau hydrodynamics reexamined,” Physical Review C: Nuclear Physics, vol. 78, no. 5, Article ID 054902, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. G. Beuf, R. Peschanski, and E. N. Saridakis, “Entropy flow of a perfect fluid in (1 + 1) hydrodynamics,” Physical Review C: Nuclear Physics, vol. 78, no. 6, Article ID 064909, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. Z. J. Jiang, Y. Huang, and J. Wang, “A combined model for pseudorapidity distributions in p-p collisions at center-of-mass energies from 23.6 to 7000 GeV,” Chinese Physics C: Nuclear Physics, vol. 40, no. 7, Article ID 074104, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. Z. W. Wang, Z. J. Jiang, and Y. S. Zhang, “The investigations of pseudorapidity distributions of final state multiplicities in Au+Au collisions at high energies,” University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, vol. 31, p. 322, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  15. N. Suzuki, “One-dimensional hydrodynamical model including phase transition,” Physical Review C, vol. 81, no. 4, Article ID 044911, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  16. E. K. G. Sarkisyan and A. S. Sakharov, “Relating multihadron production in hadronic and nuclear collisions,” The European Physical Journal C, vol. 70, no. 3, pp. 533–541, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. Bialas and R. Peschanski, “Asymmetric (1+1)-dimensional hydrodynamics in high-energy collisions,” Physical Review C: Nuclear Physics, vol. 83, no. 5, Article ID 054905, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. Z.-J. Jiang, J.-Q. Hui, and H.-P. Deng, “Unified hydrodynamics and pseudorapidity distributions of charged particles produced in heavy ion collisions at low energies at RHIC,” Chinese Physics Letters, vol. 34, no. 5, Article ID 052501, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. Z. J. Jiang, Q. G. Li, and H. L. Zhang, “Revised Landau hydrodynamic model and the pseudorapidity distributions of charged particles produced in nucleus-nucleus collisions at maximum energy at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider,” Physical Review C: Nuclear Physics, vol. 87, no. 4, Article ID 044902, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. C. Gale, S. Jeon, and B. Schenke, “Hydrodynamic modeling of heavy-ion collisions,” International Journal of Modern Physics A, vol. 28, no. 11, Article ID 1340011, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. U. Heinz and R. Snellings, “Collective flow and viscosity in relativistic heavy-ion collisions,” Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 123–151, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. A. N. Mishra, R. Sahoo, E. K. G. Sarkisyan, and A. S. Sakharov, “Effective-energy budget in multiparticle production in nuclear collisions,” The European Physical Journal C, vol. 74, Article ID 3147, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. Z. J. Jiang, Y. Zhang, H. L. Zhang, and H. P. Deng, “A description of the pseudorapidity distributions in heavy ion collisions at RHIC and LHC energies,” Nuclear Physics A, vol. 941, pp. 188–200, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. H. Niemi, K. J. Eskola, and R. Paatelainen, “Event-by-event fluctuations in a perturbative QCD + saturation + hydrodynamics model: Determining QCD matter shear viscosity in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions,” Physical Review C, vol. 93, Article ID 024907, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. J. Noronha-Hostler, M. Luzum, and J.-Y. Ollitrault, “Hydrodynamic predictions for 5.02 TeV Pb-Pb collisions,” Physical Review C Nuclear Physics, vol. 93, no. 3, Article ID 034912, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. J. S. Moreland and R. A. Soltz, “Hydrodynamic simulations of relativistic heavy-ion collisions with different lattice quantum chromodynamics calculations of the equation of state,” Physical Review C, vol. 93, Article ID 044913, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. E. K. G. Sarkisyan, A. N. Mishra, R. Sahoo, and A. S. Sakharov, “Multihadron production dynamics exploring the energy balance in hadronic and nuclear collisions,” Physical Review D: Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, vol. 93, Article ID 054046, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. E. K. G. Sarkisyan, A. N. Mishra, R. Sahoo, and A. S. Sakharov, “Centrality dependence of midrapidity density from GeV to TeV heavy-ion collisions in the effective-energy universality picture of hadroproduction,” Physical Review D, vol. 94, Article ID 011501, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. K. Jiang, Y. Zhu, W. Liu et al., “Onset of radial flow in collisions,” Physical Review C: Nuclear Physics, vol. 91, no. 2, Article ID 024910, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  30. W. Alberico, A. Lavagno, and P. Quarati, “Non-extensive statistics, fluctuations and correlations in high-energy nuclear collisions,” The European Physical Journal C, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 499–506, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. M. Biyajima, T. Mizoguchi, N. Nakajima, N. Suzuki, and G. Wilk, “Modified Hagedorn formula including temperature fluctuation: Estimation of temperatures at RHIC experiments,” The European Physical Journal C, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 597–603, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. C. Tsallis, “Possible generalization of Boltzmann-Gibbs statistics,” Journal of Statistical Physics, vol. 52, no. 1-2, pp. 479–487, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet · View at Scopus
  33. D. F. Torres, H. Vucetich, and A. Plastino, “Early universe test of nonextensive statistics,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 79, no. 9, pp. 1588–1590, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. D. B. Ion and M. L. Ion, “Entropic lower bound for the quantum scattering of spinless particles,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 81, no. 26, pp. 5714–5717, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  35. A. K. Rajagopal, R. S. Mendes, and E. K. Lenzi, “Quantum statistical mechanics for nonextensive systems: Prediction for possible experimental tests,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 80, no. 18, pp. 3907–3910, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. G. Kaniadakis, A. Lavagno, M. Lissia, and P. Quarati, “Anomalous diffusion modifies solar neutrino fluxes,” Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, vol. 261, no. 3-4, pp. 359–373, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. A. R. Plastino and A. Plastino, “Information theory, approximate time dependent solutions of Boltzmann's equation and Tsallis' entropy,” Physics Letters A, vol. 193, no. 3, pp. 251–258, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet · View at Scopus
  38. U. Tirnakli, F. Bykkilic, and D. Demirhan, “Some bounds upon the nonextensivity parameter using the approximate generalized distribution functions,” Physics Letters A, vol. 245, no. 1-2, pp. 62–66, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  39. S. Grigoryan, “Using the Tsallis distribution for hadron spectra in collisions: pions and quarkonia at Gev,” Physical Review D: Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, vol. 95, Article ID 056021, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  40. D. Thakur, S. Tripathy, P. Garg, R. Sahoo, and J. Cleymans, “Indication of a differential freeze-out in proton-proton and heavy-ion collisions at RHIC and LHC energies,” Advances in High Energy Physics, vol. 2016, Article ID 4149352, 13 pages, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  41. J.-Q. Hui, Z.-J. Jiang, and D.-F. Xu, “A description of the transverse momentum distributions of charged particles produced in heavy ion collisions at RHIC and LHC energies,” Advances in High Energy Physics, vol. 2018, Article ID 7682325, 9 pages, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  42. J. Cleymans and D. Worku, “The Tsallis distribution in proton–proton collisions at TeV at the LHC,” Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics, vol. 39, no. 2, Article ID 025006, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  43. F. Cooper and G. Frye, “Landau's hydrodynamic model of particle production and electron-positron annihilation into hadrons,” Physical Review D, vol. 11, Article ID 192, 1975. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  44. B. I. Abelev, J. Adams, and M. M. Aggarwal, “Strange particle production in collisions at GeV,” Physical Review C: Nuclear Physics, vol. 75, Article ID 64901, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  45. A. Adare, S. Afanasiev, and C. Aidala, “Identified charged hadron production in collisions at and 62.4 GeV,” Physical Review C: Nuclear Physics, vol. 83, Article ID 064903, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  46. S. Chatrchyan, V. Khachatryan, and A. M. Sirunyan, “Study of the inclusive production of charged pions, kaons, and protons in pp collisions at , and 7 TeV,” The European Physical Journal C, vol. 72, Article ID 2164, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  47. A. Adare, S. Afanasiev, and C. Aidala, “Scaling Properties of Azimuthal Anisotropy in and Collisions at GeV,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 98, Article ID 162301, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  48. F.-H. Liu, T. Tian, J.-X. Sun, and B.-C. Li, “What can we learn from (Pseudo) rapidity distribution in high energy collisions?” Advances in High Energy Physics, vol. 2014, Article ID 863863, 10 pages, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  49. D. Teaney, J. Lauret, and E. V. Shuryak, “Flow at the SPS and RHIC as a quark-gluon plasma signature,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 86, no. 21, pp. 4783–4786, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  50. M. Strickland, “Thermal and suppression at = 2.76 TeV Pb-Pb Collisions at the LHC,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 107, Article ID 132301, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  51. B. I. Abelev, M. M. Aggarwal, and Z. Ahammed, “Systematic measurements of identified particle spectra in pp, d+Au, and Au+Au collisions at the STAR detector,” Physical Review C: Nuclear Physics, vol. 79, no. 3, Article ID 034909, p. 58, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  52. H. L. Lao, F. H. Liu, and R. A. Lacey, “Extracting kinetic freeze-out temperature and radial flow velocity from an improved Tsallis distribution,” The European Physical Journal A, vol. 53, p. 44, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar