Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Multimedia
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 539396, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/539396
Research Article

High-Definition Video Streams Analysis, Modeling, and Prediction

1Computer Engineering Department, Yarmouk University, Irbid 21163, Jordan
2Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA
3Department of Computer Science, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 4002, Thailand

Received 26 November 2011; Revised 7 February 2012; Accepted 7 February 2012

Academic Editor: Marios C. Angelides

Copyright © 2012 Abdel-Karim Al-Tamimi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Google, “YouTube HD video section,” June 2010, http://www.youtube.com/HD.
  2. C. Albrecht, “Survey: Online Video Up to 27% of Internet Traffic,” October 2009, http://tinyurl.com/yzpzoew.
  3. Cisco, “Cisco VNI: Forecast and Methodology, 2010–2015,” February 2012, http://tinyurl.com/3p7v28.
  4. Comscore Press Release, http://tinyurl.com/l4o3rs.
  5. Comscore Press Release in November 2009, http://news.websitegear.com/view/149267.
  6. Hulu, “Hulu Website,” June 2011, http://www.hulu.com.
  7. Netflix, “DVD Rental and HD video streaming service,” June 2011, http://www.netflix.com.
  8. A. Adas, “Supporting real time VBR video using dynamic reservation based on linear prediction,” in Proceedings of 15th Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (INFOCOM '96), pp. 1476–1483, March 1996. View at Scopus
  9. M. Wu, R. A. Joyce, H. S. Wong, L. Guan, and S. Y. Kung, “Dynamic resource allocation via video content and short-term traffic statistics,” IEEE Transactions on Multimedia, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 186–199, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. Y. Liang and M. Han, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation based on online traffic prediction for real-time MPEG-4 video streams,” EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing, vol. 2007, Article ID 87136, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. G. van der Auwera, P. T. David, and M. Reisslein, “Traffic characteristics of H.264/AVC variable bit rate video,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 46, no. 11, pp. 164–174, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. C. Chatfield, The Analysis of Time Series: An Introduction, Chapman & Hall/CRC, 6th edition, 2003.
  13. R. J. Hyndman and Y. Khandakar, “Automatic time series forecasting: the forecast package for R,” Journal of Statistical Software, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 1–22, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. K. Al Tamimi, R. Jain, and C. So-In, “Modeling and generation of AVC and SVC-TS mobile video traces for broadband access networks,” in Proceedings of the 1st Annual ACM SIGMM Conference on Multimedia Systems (MMSys '10), pp. 89–98, February 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. Al Tamimi, C. So-In, R. Jain et al., “Modeling and resource allocation for mobile video over WiMAX broadband wireless networks,” IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 354–365, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  16. P. Manzoni, P. Cremonesi, and G. Serazzi, “Workload models of VBR video traffic and their use in resource allocation policies,” IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 387–397, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. O. Rose, “Statistical properties of MPEG video traffic and their impact on traffic modeling in ATM systems,” in Proceedings of the 20th Conference on Local Computer Networks, no. 16–19, pp. 397–406, October 1995. View at Scopus
  18. L. L. Laetitia, MPEG-4 AVC traffic analysis and bandwidth prediction for broadband cable networks, M.S. thesis, Georgia Tech, 2008.
  19. A. K. Al Tamimi, R. Jain, and C. So-In, “Modeling and prediction of high definition video traffic: a real-world case study,” in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conferences on Advances in Multimedia (MMEDIA '10), pp. 168–173, Athens, Ga, USA, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. Al-Tamimi and R. Jain, “SAM model Traces website,” June 2011, http://www.cse.wustl.edu/~jain/sam/index.html.
  21. K. Jack, Video Demystified, HighText, 2nd edition, 1996.
  22. G. E. P. Box and G. Jenkins, Time Series Analysis: Forecasting and Control, Holden-Day, 1976.
  23. The Top 5 video streaming websites, March 2010, http://www.techsupportalert.com/top-5-video-streaming-websites.htm.
  24. MediaInfo, “MediaInfo supplies technical and tag information about your video or audio files,” June 2011, http://mediainfo.sourceforge.net/en.
  25. J. Ozer, “Producing H.264 Video for Flash: An Overview,” March 2010, http://www.streaminglearningcenter.com/articles/producing-h264-video-for-flash-an-overview.html.
  26. Digital Rapids, April 2012, http://dr6.sitesystems.ca/downloads/docs/DR_Studio_AVC.pdf.
  27. FFMPEG Coding Library, Cross-platform solution to record, convert and stream audio and video, http://ffmpeg.org.
  28. x264 Encoder, March 2010, http://www.videolan.org/developers/x264.html.
  29. JM Reference Software, March 2010, http://iphome.hhi.de/suehring/tml/.
  30. B. S. Everitt , An R and S-Plus® Companion to Multivariate Analysis, Springer, 2007.
  31. H. T. Kaiser, “The application of electronic computers to factor analysis,” Educational and Psychological Measurement, vol. 20, pp. 141–151, 1960. View at Google Scholar
  32. R.B. Cattel, “The scree test for the number of factors,” Multivariate Behavioral Research, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 245–276, 1966. View at Google Scholar
  33. G. Raîche, M. Riopel, and J. Blais, “Non graphical solutions for the cattell's scree test,” in Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Psychometric Society, Montreal, Canada.
  34. G. Kootstra, “Project on exploratory Factor Analysis applied to foreign language learning,” 2004.
  35. M. Norusis, SPSS 17.0 Statistical Procedures Companion, Prentice Hall, 2009.
  36. C. Ding and X. He, “K-means clustering via principal component analysis,” in Proceedings of the 21t International Conference on Machine Learning (ICML '04), vol. 69, 2004.
  37. Cluster Validity Algorithms, October 2009, http://tinyurl.com/yj8jz9w.
  38. A. M. Dawood and M. Ghanbari, “Content-based MPEG video traffic modeling,” IEEE Transactions on Multimedia, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 77–87, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. Y. Sun and J. N. Daigle, “A source model of video traffic based on full-length VBR MPEG4 video traces,” in Proceedings of IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, vol. 2, p. 5, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. H. Feng and Y. Shu, “Study on network traffic prediction techniques,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Wireless Communications, Networking and Mobile Computing (WCNM '05), pp. 1041–1044, September 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. J. A. Nelder and R. Mead, “A simplex algorithm for function minimization,” Computer Journal, vol. 7, pp. 308–313, 1965. View at Google Scholar
  42. H. Zhao, N. Ansari, and Y. Shi, “Efficient predictive bandwidth allocation for real time videos,” IEICE Transactions on Communications, vol. 86, no. 1, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  43. R. Hyndman and A. Kostenko, “Minimum sample size requitrements for seasonal forecasting models,” Foresight, vol. 6, pp. 12–15, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  44. The project R of statstical computing, June 2011, http://www.r-project.org.
  45. O. Briet, “Gsarima: Two functions for Generalized SARIMA time series simulation,” June 2011, http://cran.fyxm.net/web/packages/gsarima/index.html.
  46. D. Montgomery, Forecasting and Time Series Analysis, McGraw-Hill, 1990.
  47. A. K. Al-Tamimi, R. Jain, and C. So-In, “Dynamic resource allocation based on online traffic prediction for video streams,” in Proceedings of IEEE 4th International Conference on Internet Multimedia Services Architecture and Application (IMSAA '10), Bangalore, India, December 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus