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Advances in Medicine
Volume 2016, Article ID 4683427, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4683427
Clinical Study

Burden and Depression among Caregivers of Visually Impaired Patients in a Canadian Population

1Department of Ophthalmology, Hotel Dieu Hospital, Queen’s University, 166 Brock Street, Kingston, ON, Canada K7L 5G2
2Department of Ophthalmology, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, 401 N. 11th Street, Suite 439, Richmond, VA 23219, USA
3VitreoRetinal Surgery, PA, 7760 France Avenue S., Minneapolis, MN 55435, USA

Received 17 September 2015; Accepted 24 January 2016

Academic Editor: Gianfranco Spalletta

Copyright © 2016 Zainab Khan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose/Background. This study reports the degree of burden and the proportion at risk for depression among individuals who provide care to visually impaired patients. Study Design. This is clinic-based, cross-sectional survey in a tertiary care hospital. Methods. Caregivers were considered unpaid family members for patients whose sole impairment was visual. Patients were stratified by vision in their better seeing eye into two groups: Group 1 had visual acuity between 6/18 and 6/60 and Group 2 were those who had 6/60 or worse. Burden was evaluated by the Burden Index of Caregivers and the prevalence of being at risk for depression was determined by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale. Results. 236 caregivers of 236 patients were included. Total mean BIC scores were higher in Group 2. Female caregivers, caregivers providing greater hours of care, and caregivers of patients who have not completed vision rehabilitation programs are at higher risk for depression.