Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Medicine
Volume 2018, Article ID 9242718, 5 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/9242718
Review Article

Radiation Effects of Mobile Phones and Tablets on the Skin: A Systematic Review

1Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Khorasan Razavi, Iran
2Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Research Center Social Determinants health, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Khorasan Razavi, Iran
3Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Khorasan Razavi, Iran

Correspondence should be addressed to E. Navipour; ri.ca.smum@139eruopivan

Received 12 February 2018; Accepted 21 March 2018; Published 12 April 2018

Academic Editor: Jacek Cezary Szepietowski

Copyright © 2018 A. Keykhosravi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Skin health has become a worldwide concern. Most of the studies investigated the effect of mobile phone radiation on DNA and animals, but a few studies were carried out about skin diseases in mobile phone and tablet users. Few systematic studies have examined the relationship between mobile phone exposure and skin diseases. Methods. We evaluated the association between mobile phones and tablets and skin diseases. We checked databases including PubMed, Scopus, Springer, Cochrane, and Google Scholar from 1995 to 2013. The eligibility criteria were descriptive, and observational studies were in English and Persian language, and the subjects were of all ages and reported skin disease. Results. Most of the studies focused on signs and less on skin cancer. In total, 6 studies were included with 392119 participants with age over 25 years. In a nationwide cohort study in Denmark for BCC, the IRR (incidence rate ratios) estimates remained near unity among men and women. In the other studies, they reported an increase in temperature, hypersensitivity of warmth, facial dermatitis, angiosarcoma of the scalp, and burning sensations in the facial skin after mobile phone use on the exposed side and more within the auricle and behind/around the ear. Conclusions. Overall evaluations showed that the level of evidence associated with the effects of radiation from the mobile phone and tablet on the skin is poor. This review shows a necessity for more studies in this area.