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Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 619478, 15 pages
Research Article

Numerical Modeling of the Severe Cold Weather Event over Central Europe (January 2006)

1Centro de Geofisica (CG/UE), University of Evora, 7000 Evora, Portugal
2Department of Meteorology and Climatology, University of Lodz, 90-131 Lodz, Poland

Received 23 January 2010; Revised 26 April 2010; Accepted 15 June 2010

Academic Editor: Zhaoxia Pu

Copyright © 2010 D. Hari Prasad et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Cold waves commonly occur in higher latitudes under prevailing high pressure systems especially during winter season which cause serious economical loss and cold related death. Accurate prediction of such severe weather events is important for decision making by administrators and for mitigation planning. An Advanced high resolution Weather Research and Forecasting mesoscale model is used to simulate a severe cold wave event occurred during January 2006 over Europe. The model is integrated for 31 days starting from 00UTC of 1 January 2006 with 30 km horizontal resolution. Comparison of the model derived area averaged daily mean temperatures at 2m height from different zones over the central Europe with observations indicates that the model is able to simulate the occurrence of the cold wave with the observed time lag of 1 to 3days but with lesser intensity. The temperature, winds, surface pressure and the geopential heights at 500 hPa reveal that the cold wave development associates with the southward progression of a high pressure system and cold air advection. The results have good agreement with the analysis fields indicates that the model has the ability to reproduce the time evolution of the cold wave event.