Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2012, Article ID 609328, 16 pages
Research Article

Modeling the Short-Term Effect of Traffic and Meteorology on Air Pollution in Turin with Generalized Additive Models

1Department of Biella, Environmental Protection Agency of Piemonte, 13900 Biella, Italy
2Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Colorado-Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
3Department of Economics, University of Turin, 10123 Turin, Italy

Received 15 February 2012; Revised 27 May 2012; Accepted 9 June 2012

Academic Editor: Tareq Hussein

Copyright © 2012 Pancrazio Bertaccini et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. G. Barnett, G. M. Williams, J. Schwartz et al., “Air pollution and child respiratory health: a case-crossover study in Australia and New Zealand,” American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, vol. 171, no. 11, pp. 1272–1278, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. L. Bell, A. McDermott, S. L. Zeger, J. M. Samet, and F. Dominici, “Ozone and short-term mortality in 95 US urban communities, 1987–2000,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 292, no. 19, pp. 2372–2378, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. M. Samet, F. Dominici, F. C. Curriero, I. Coursac, and S. L. Zeger, “Fine particulate air pollution and mortality in 20 U.S. cities, 1987–1994,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 343, no. 24, pp. 1742–1749, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. B. Mlgaard, T. Hussein, J. Corander, and K. Hämeri, “Forecasting size-fractionated particle number concentrations in the urban atmosphere,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 46, pp. 155–163, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. Clifford, S. Low Choy, T. Hussein, K. Mengersen, and L. Morawska, “Using the Generalised Additive Model to model the particle number count of ultrafine particles,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 45, no. 32, pp. 5934–5945, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. Dir96/62/EC, “Council directive n. 62 of 27 September 1996 on ambient air quality assessment and management,” 1996.
  7. Dir99/30/EC, “Council directive n. 30 of 22 April 1999 relating to limit values for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particulate matter and lead in ambient air,” 1999.
  8. Dir00/69/EC, “Council directive n. 69 of 16 November 2000 relatingto limit values for benzene and carbon monoxide in ambient air,” 2000.
  9. Dir02/3/EC, “Council directive n. 3 of 12 February 2002 relating to ozone in ambient air,” 2002.
  10. Dir50/08/EC, “Council directive n. 50 of 21 May 2008 on ambient air quality and cleaner air for Europe,” 2008.
  11. P. Bertaccini, M. Cameletti, and A. Fassó, “Urban mobility and atmosphericpollution within the Torino metropolitan area,” in Proceedings of the Atti della Conferenza (SIS '07), pp. 607–608, 2007.
  12. A. Fassó, M. Cameletti, and P. Bertaccini, “Uncertainty decomposition in environmental modelling and mapping,” in Proceedings of the Summer Computer Simulation Conference (SCSC '07), pp. 867–874, 2007.
  13. Y. Kim and J. M. Guldmann, “Impact of traffic flows and wind directions on air pollution concentrations in Seoul, Korea,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 45, no. 16, pp. 2803–2810, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. T. J. Hastie and R. Tibshirani, Generalized Additive Models, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1990.
  15. J. Schwartz, “Non parametric smoothing in the analysis of air pollutionand respiratory illness,” Canadian Journal of Statistics, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 471–488, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. D. C. Carslaw, S. D. Beevers, and J. E. Tate, “Modelling and assessing trends in traffic-related emissions using a generalised additive modelling approach,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 41, no. 26, pp. 5289–5299, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. Aldrin and I. Hobæk Haff, “Generalised additive modelling of air pollution, traffic volume and meteorology,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 39, no. 11, pp. 2145–2155, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. Aldrin, I. Hobæk Haff, and P. Rosland, “The effect of salting with magnesium chloride on the concentration of particular matter in a road tunnel,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 42, no. 8, pp. 1762–1776, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. P. Bertaccini, V. Dukic, and R. Ignaccolo, “Modelling traffic related airpollution in Torino with generalized additive models,” in Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Spatio-Temporal Modelling (METMA '08), pp. 123–128, Alghero, Italy, 2008.
  20. P. Bertaccini, Methods and models for vehicular traffic-related atmosphericpollution in the turin urban area [Ph.D. thesis], Università degli Studi di Torino, 2009.
  21. P. Kronborg and F. Davidsson, ImprovementS for a Scandinavian Spoturban Traffic Signal Control SyStem, TFK—Transport Research Institute, Stockholm, Sweden, 2000.
  22. K. Wood, Urban Traffic Control, Systems Review, PR41, Transport Research Laboratory, Crowthorne, UK, 1993.
  23. G. Schwartz, “Estimating the dimension of a model,” The Annals of Statistics, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 461–464, 1978. View at Google Scholar
  24. H. Akaike, “A new look at the Bayes procedure,” Biometrika, vol. 65, no. 1, pp. 53–59, 1978. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. R Development Core Team, R: A Language And Environment for Statistical Computing, R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria, 2012,
  26. S. N. Wood, “mgcv: GAMs with GCV/AIC/REML Smoothness Estimation and GAMMs by PQL,” R package version 1. 7-13, 2012.
  27. S. N. Wood, Generalized Additive Models: An Introduction With R, Chapman & Hall, London, UK; CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 2006.