Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2012, Article ID 730579, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/730579
Research Article

Effects of Saharan Dust Advection on Atmospheric Aerosol Properties in the West-Mediterranean Area

1Institute of Methodologies for Environmental Analysis, National Council of Research, Contrada S. Loja, 85050 Tito Scalo, Italy
2Environmental Engineering and Physics Department, Basilicata University, Contrada Macchia Romana, 85100 Potenza, Italy
3Basilicata Asbestos Regional Center, Basilicata Regional Agency for the Environment, Via della Fisica, 18 C/D, 85100 Potenza, Italy

Received 22 November 2011; Revised 1 February 2012; Accepted 6 March 2012

Academic Editor: Pawan Gupta

Copyright © 2012 G. Pavese et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. Formenti, M. O. Andreae, T. W. Andreae et al., “Aerosol optical properties and large-scale transport of air masses: observations at a coastal and a semiarid site in the eastern Mediterranean during summer 1998,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 106, no. 9, pp. 9807–9826, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. G. Pace, A. di Sarra, D. Meloni, S. Piacentino, and P. Chamard, “Aerosol optical properties at Lampedusa (Central Mediterranean). 1. Influence of transport and identification of different aerosol types,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 697–713, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. D. Meloni, A. di Sarra, G. Biavati et al., “Seasonal behavior of Saharan dust events at the Mediterranean island of Lampedusa in the period 1999–2005,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 41, no. 14, pp. 3041–3056, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. N. Kalivitis, E. Gerasopoulos, M. Vrekoussis et al., “Dust transport over the eastern mediterranean derived from total ozone mapping spectrometer, aerosol robotic network, and surface measurements,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 112, no. 3, Article ID D03202, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Santese, F. de Tomasi, and M. R. Perrone, “Advection patterns and aerosol optical and microphysical properties by AERONET over south-east Italy in the central Mediterranean,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 8, no. 7, pp. 1881–1896, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. L. Alados-Arboledas, H. Lyamani, and F. J. Olmo, “Aerosol size properties at Armilla, Granada (Spain),” Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, vol. 129, no. 590, pp. 1395–1413, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. F. Esposito, L. Leone, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, and C. Serio, “Seasonal variation of aerosols properties in South Italy: a study on aerosol optical depths, Angström turbidity parameters and aerosol size distributions,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 38, no. 11, pp. 1605–1614, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. H. Lyamani, F. J. Olmo, and L. Alados-Arboledas, “Saharan dust outbreak over southeastern Spain as detected by sun photometer,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 39, no. 38, pp. 7276–7284, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. Lelieveld, H. Berresheim, S. Borrmann et al., “Global air pollution crossroads over the Mediterranean,” Science, vol. 298, no. 5594, pp. 794–799, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. L. Perez, A. Tobias, X. Querol et al., “Coarse particles from saharan dust and daily mortality,” Epidemiology, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 800–807, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. N. Kubilay, T. Cokacar, and T. Oguz, “Optical properties of mineral dust outbreaks over the north-eastern Mediterranean,” Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 108, no. 4666, 10 pages, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. G. P. Gobbi, Y. J. Kaufman, I. Koren, and T. F. Eck, “Classification of aerosol properties derived from AERONET direct sun data,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 453–458, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. D. Kim, M. Chin, H. Yu et al., “Dust optical properties over North Africa and Arabian Peninsula derived from the AERONET data set,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, vol. 11, no. 7, pp. 20181–20201, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, I. Slutsker, E. J. Welton, and P. Formenti, “Optical properties of Saharan dust during ACE 2,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 103, no. 21, pp. 28079–28092, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. H. Lyamani, F. J. Olmo, A. Alcantara, and L. Alados-Arboledas, “Atmospheric aerosols during the 2003 heat wave in southeastern Spain I: spectral optical depth,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 40, no. 33, pp. 6453–6464, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. G. Pavese, F. de Tomasi, M. Calvello, F. Esposito, and M. R. Perrone, “Detection of Sahara dust intrusions during mixed advection patterns over south-east Italy: a case study,” Atmospheric Research, vol. 92, no. 4, pp. 489–504, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. P. Formenti, L. Schutz, Y. Balkanski et al., “Recent progress in understanding physical and chemical properties of African and Asian mineral dust,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 11, pp. 8231–8256, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. C. Toledano, M. Wiegner, M. Garhammer et al., “Spectral aerosol optical depth characterization of desert dust during SAMUM 2006,” Tellus, vol. 61, no. 1, pp. 216–228, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. E. Ilyinskaya, V. I. Tsanev, R. S. Martin et al., “Near-source observations of aerosol size distributions in the eruptive plumes from Eyjafjallajökull volcano, March-April 2010,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 45, no. 18, pp. 3210–3216, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. F. Esposito, S. Mari, G. Pavese, and C. Serio, “Diurnal and nocturnal measurements of aerosol optical depth at a desert site in Namibia,” Aerosol Science and Technology, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 392–400, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. U. Amato, D. di Bello, F. Esposito, C. Serio, G. Pavese, and F. Romano, “Intercomparing the Twomey method with a multimodal lognormal approach to retrieve the aerosol size distribution,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 101, no. 14, pp. 19267–19275, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. H. Gonzàlez and J. A. Ogren, “Sensitivity of retrieved aerosol properties to assumptions in the inversion of spectral optical depths,” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 53, no. 24, pp. 3669–3683, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. P. Alpert, B. U. Neeman, Y. Shay-El et al., “Intermonthly variability of cyclone tracks in the mediterranean,” Journal of Climate, vol. 3, no. 12, pp. 1474–1478, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  24. A. Fotiadi, N. Hatzianastassiou, E. Drakakis et al., “Aerosol physical and optical properties in the Eastern Mediterranean Basin, Crete, from Aerosol Robotic Network data,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 6, no. 12, pp. 5399–5413, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. A. di Sarra, T. di Iorio, M. Cacciani, G. Fiocco, and D. Fuà, “Saharan dust profiles measured by lidar at Lampedusa,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 106, no. 10, pp. 10335–10347, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. D. G. Kaskaoutis, H. D. Kambezidis, N. Hatzianastassiou, P. G. Kosmopoulos, and K. V. S. Badarinath, “Aerosol climatology: dependence of the Angstrom exponent on wavelength over four AERONET sites,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 7347–7397, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck et al., “Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations,” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 590–608, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. M. Calvello, F. Esposito, F. Pavese, and C. Serio, “Physical and optical properties of atmospheric aerosol by in-situ and radiometric measurements,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 10, pp. 2195–2208, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar