Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 137694, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/137694
Research Article

The Use of Trajectory Cluster Analysis to Evaluate the Long-Range Transport of Black Carbon Aerosol in the South-Eastern Baltic Region

SRI Center for Physical Sciences and Technology, Savanorių Avenue 231, LT-02300 Vilnius, Lithuania

Received 31 March 2014; Revised 2 July 2014; Accepted 3 July 2014; Published 24 July 2014

Academic Editor: Mastura Mahmud

Copyright © 2014 Steigvilė Byčenkienė et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. N. Ramanathan, M. Lukac, T. Ahmed et al., “A cellphone based system for large-scale monitoring of black carbon,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 45, no. 26, pp. 4481–4487, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. X.-F. Huang, T.-L. Sun, L.-W. Zeng, G.-H. Yu, and S.-J. Luan, “Black carbon aerosol characterization in a coastal city in South China using a single particle soot photometer,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 51, pp. 21–28, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), “Climate change 2013: the physical science basis,” IPCC 5th Assessment Report, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  4. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis, 2007.
  5. R. Damoah, N. Spichtinger, C. Forster et al., “Around the world in 17 days—Hemispheric-scale transport of forest fire smoke from Russia in May 2003,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 1311–1321, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. P. J. Anderson, J. D. Wilson, and F. C. Hiller, “Respiratory tract deposition of ultrafine particles in subjects with obstructive or restrictive lung disease,” Chest, vol. 97, no. 5, pp. 1115–1120, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. C. P. Yu and G. B. Xu, Deposition of Hygroscopic Aerosol Particles in Growing Human Lungs. Deposition and Clearance of Aerosols in the Human Respiratory Tract, 1987.
  8. K. Plauškaitė, A. Gaman, K. E. J. Lehtinen, G. Mordas, V. Ulevičius, and M. Kulmala, “A comparison study of meteorological parameters, trace gases and nucleation events in Preila and Hyytiala,” Environmental and Chemical Physics, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 60–69, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  9. V. Ulevicius, S. Byčenkienė, V. Remeikis et al., “Characterization of aerosol particle episodes in Lithuania caused by long-range and regional transport,” Atmospheric Research, vol. 98, no. 2–4, pp. 190–200, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  10. E. Rimkus, G. Stankevičius, and A. Bukantis, “Effects of meteorological factors on PM2.5 concentrations at Preila monitoring station,” Geografija, vol. 42, pp. 56–64, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  11. S. Saarikoski, M. Sillanpää, M. Sofiev et al., “Chemical composition of aerosols during a major biomass burning episode over Northern Europe in spring 2006: experimental and modelling assessments,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 41, no. 17, pp. 3577–3589, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. S. San José, A. Stohl, K. B. Karatzas, T. Bohler, P. James, and J. L. Pérez, “A modelling study of an extraordinary night time ozone episode over Madrid domain,” Environmental Modelling and Software, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 587–593, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. E. F. Danielsen and R. Bleck, “Research in four-dimensional diagnosis of cyclonic storm cloud system,” AFCRL Report vol. 67-0617, AFCRL, Bedford, Mass, USA, 1967. View at Google Scholar
  14. S. R. Dorling, T. D. Davies, and C. E. Pierce, “Cluster analysis: a technique for estimating the synoptic meteorological controls on air and precipitation chemistry—method and applications,” Atmospheric Environment A: General Topics, vol. 26, no. 14, pp. 2575–2581, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. Sirois and J. W. Bottenheim, “Use of backward trajectories to interpret the 5-year record of PAN and O3 ambient air concentrations at Kejimkujik National Park, Nova Scotia,” Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 100, no. 2, pp. 2867–2881, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. B. A. Bodhaine, “Aerosol absorption measurements at Barrow, Mauna Loa and the South Pole,” Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 100, no. 5, pp. 8967–8975, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. Virkkula, T. Mäkelä, R. Hillamo et al., “A simple procedure for correcting loading effects of aethalometer data,” Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association, vol. 57, no. 10, pp. 1214–1222, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. N. Liu, Y. Yu, J. He, and S. Zhao, “Integrated modeling of urban-scale pollutant transport: application in a semi-arid urban valley, Northwestern China,” Atmospheric Pollution Research, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 306–314, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. L. Riuttanen, M. Hulkkonen, M. Dal Maso, H. Junninen, and M. Kulmala, “Trajectory analysis of atmospheric transport of fine particles, SO2, NOx and O3 to the SMEAR II station in Finland in 1996–2008,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 2153–2164, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. Sirois and J. W. Bottenheim, “Use of backward trajectories to interpret the 5-year record of PAN and O3 ambient air concentrations at Kejimkujik National Park, Nova Scotia,” Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 100, no. 2, pp. 2867–2881, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. L. L. Ashbaugh, W. C. Malm, and W. Z. Sadeh, “A residence time probability analysis of sulfur concentrations at Grand Canyon National Park,” Atmospheric Environment Part A, vol. 19, no. 8, pp. 1263–1270, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. D. Cheng, P. K. Hopke, L. Barrie, A. Rippe, M. Olson, and S. Landsberger, “Qualitative determination of source regions of aerosol in Canadian high Arctic,” Environmental Science & Technology, vol. 27, no. 10, pp. 2063–2071, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. C. O. Justice, L. Giglio, S. Korontzi et al., “The MODIS fire products,” Remote Sensing of Environment, vol. 83, no. 1-2, pp. 244–262, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. U. Jeong, J. Kim, H. Lee et al., “Estimation of the contributions of long range transported aerosol in East Asia to carbonaceous aerosol and PM concentrations in Seoul, Korea using highly time resolved measurements: a PSCF model approach,” Journal of Environmental Monitoring, vol. 13, no. 7, pp. 1905–1918, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. V. P. Kabashnikov, A. P. Chaikovsky, T. L. Kucsera, and N. S. Metelskaya, “Estimated accuracy of three common trajectory statistical methods,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 45, no. 31, pp. 5425–5430, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. L. Zhu, X. Huang, H. Shi, X. Cai, and Y. Song, “Transport pathways and potential sources of PM10 in Beijing,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 594–604, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. S. Byčenkiene, V. Ulevicius, and S. Kecorius, “Characteristics of black carbon aerosol mass concentration over the East Baltic region from two-year measurements,” Journal of Environmental Monitoring, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 1027–1038, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. K. Juda-Rezler, M. Reizer, and J. P. Oudinet, “Determination and analysis of PM10 source apportionment during episodes of air pollution in Central Eastern European urban areas: the case of wintertime 2006,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 45, no. 36, pp. 6557–6566, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. L. Morawska, Z. Ristovski, E. R. Jayaratne, D. U. Keogh, and X. Ling, “Ambient nano and ultrafine particles from motor vehicle emissions: characteristics, ambient processing and implications on human exposure,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 42, no. 35, pp. 8113–8138, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. A. Zwozdziak, L. Samek, I. Sowka, L. Furman, and M. Skrtowicz, “Aerosol pollution from small combustors in a village,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, Article ID 956401, 8 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. S. Byčenkienė, V. Ulevicius, N. Prokopčiuk, and D. Jasinevičienė, “Observations of the aerosol particle number concentration in the marine boundary layer over the south-eastern Baltic Sea region,” Oceanologia, vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 573–598, 2013. View at Google Scholar