Table 2: Standard emissivity values for the vegetation types found in the innermost domain of the simulations.

Vegetation Type10 h10 v23 h23 v36 h36 v89 h89 v

1Urban/built up land0.8800.9300.8450.8750.8300.8750.8850.925
2Dry cropland, pasture0.9250.9550.9200.9450.9250.9450.9400.965
3Irrigated cropland, pasture0.8450.9000.8550.8950.8600.8950.9000.920
5Cropland/grassland mosaic0.9050.9300.8800.9100.8500.9000.8900.920
6Cropland/woodland mosaic0.8750.9250.8950.9250.9050.9300.9350.945
7Grassland0.9050.9450.8950.9300.8950.9250.8950.925
8Shrubland0.8600.9450.8700.9350.8800.9350.9300.945
9Mixed grassland/shrubland0.9100.9450.9050.9350.9100.9350.9450.955
10Savanna0.8850.9100.8950.9150.9050.9200.9150.925
11Deciduous broadleaf forest0.9350.9600.9400.9550.9400.9550.9650.970
12Deciduous needleleaf forest0.8600.9350.7600.8750.7000.8450.7600.890
13Evergreen broadleaf forest0.9400.9750.9150.9450.9150.9400.9200.945
14Evergreen needleleaf forest0.9250.9650.9150.9500.9150.9450.9350.960
15Mixed forest0.9650.9800.9600.9750.9550.9700.8850.900
19Barren/sparsely vegetated0.8050.8950.8050.8950.8200.9050.8550.935
21Wooded tundra0.9350.9400.9050.9300.8700.8850.8150.835