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Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2014, Article ID 970547, 10 pages
Research Article

A Modeling Study of the Initial Formation of Polar Lows in the Vicinity of the Arctic Front

Polar Geophysical Institute, Kola Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Apatity, Murmansk Region 184209, Russia

Received 19 April 2013; Accepted 9 December 2013; Published 27 February 2014

Academic Editor: P. C. S. Devara

Copyright © 2014 Igor Mingalev et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A regional mathematical model of the wind system of the lower atmosphere, developed recently in the Polar Geophysical Institute, is applied to investigate the initial stage of the formation of polar lows at latitudes of the European Arctic. The mathematical model is based on numerical solving of nonsimplified gas dynamic equations and produces three-dimensional distributions of the atmospheric parameters in the height range from 0 to 15 km over a limited region of the Earth’s surface. Simulation results indicated that the origin of a convexity in the configuration of the arctic front can lead to the formation of a polar low during the period of about one day.