Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2015, Article ID 142617, 15 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/142617
Research Article

Numerical Simulation of the Direct Radiative Effects of Dust Aerosol on the East Asian Winter Monsoon

1SKLLQG, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi’an 710061, China
2CAS Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, Beijing 100101, China

Received 31 March 2015; Accepted 17 May 2015

Academic Editor: Hann-Ming H. Juang

Copyright © 2015 Hui Sun and Xiaodong Liu. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. L. Zhang, H. Liao, and J. P. Li, “Impacts of Asian summer monsoon on seasonal and interannual variations of aerosols over eastern China,” Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 115, no. 7, Article ID D00K05, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. W. C. Hinds, Aerosol Technology, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 2nd edition, 1999.
  3. D. G. Streets and S. T. Waldhoff, “Present and future emissions of air pollutants in China: SO2, NOx, and CO,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 363–374, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. V. Ramanathan, P. J. Crutzen, J. T. Kiehl, and D. Rosenfeld, “Atmosphere: aerosols, climate, and the hydrological cycle,” Science, vol. 294, no. 5549, pp. 2119–2124, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. Y. Huang, R. E. Dickinson, and W. L. Chameides, “Impact of aerosol indirect effect on surface temperature over East Asia,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 103, no. 12, pp. 4371–4376, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. X. Y. Zhang, S. L. Gong, T. L. Zhao, R. Arimoto, Y. Q. Wang, and Z. J. Zhou, “Sources of Asian dust and role of climate change versus desertification in Asian dust emission,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 30, no. 24, p. 2272, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. I. Uno, K. Harada, S. Satake, Y. Hara, and Z. Wang, “Meteorological characteristics and dust distribution of the Tarim Basin simulated by the nesting RAMS/CFORS dust model,” Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, vol. 83, no. 3, pp. 219–239, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. W. H. Qian, L. S. Quan, and S. Y. Shi, “Variations of the dust storm in China and its climatic control,” Journal of Climate, vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1216–1229, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. Z. Q. Li, C. Li, H. Chen et al., “East Asian studies of tropospheric aerosols and their impact on regional climate (EAST-AIRC): an overview,” Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 116, no. 7, Article ID D00K34, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. Z. Q. Li, H. Chen, M. Cribb et al., “Preface to special section on East Asian studies of tropospheric aerosols: an international regional experiment (EAST-AIRE),” Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 112, no. 22, Article ID D22S00, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. T. Logan, B. Xi, X. Dong, R. Obrecht, Z. Li, and M. Cribb, “A study of Asian dust plumes using satellite, surface, and aircraft measurements during the INTEX-B field experiment,” Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 115, no. 7, Article ID D00K25, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. Huang, P. Minnis, B. Chen et al., “Long-range transport and vertical structure of Asian dust from CALIPSO and surface measurements during PACDEX,” Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 113, no. 23, Article ID D23212, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. G. A. D'Almeida, “A model for Saharan dust transport,” Journal of Climate & Applied Meteorology, vol. 25, no. 7, pp. 903–916, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. I. Tegen and I. Fung, “Modeling of mineral dust in the atmosphere: sources, transport, and optical thickness,” Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 99, no. 11, pp. 22–914, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. E. Nowottnick, P. Colarco, R. Ferrare et al., “Online simulations of mineral dust aerosol distributions: comparisons to NAMMA observations and sensitivity to dust emission parameterization,” Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 115, no. 3, Article ID D03202, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. Y. Shao, Y. Yang, J. Wang et al., “Northeast Asian dust storms: real-time numerical prediction and validation,” Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 108, no. 22, pp. -1–18, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. L. Gong and X. Y. Zhang, “CUACE/Dust—an integrated system of observation and modeling systems for operational dust forecasting in Asia,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 8, no. 9, pp. 2333–2340, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. Sun and L. Zhao, “Numerical simulation of two East Asian dust storms in spring 2006,” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, vol. 33, no. 12, pp. 1892–1911, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. I. Tegen and A. A. Lacis, “Modeling of particle size distribution and its influence on the radiative properties of mineral dust aerosol,” Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 101, no. 14, pp. 19237–19244, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. I. N. Sokolik and O. B. Toon, “Direct radiative forcing by anthropogenic airborne mineral aerosols,” Nature, vol. 381, no. 6584, pp. 681–683, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. Z. Levin, E. Ganor, and V. Gladstein, “The effects of desert particles coated with sulfate on rain formation in the eastern Mediterranean,” Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol. 35, no. 9, pp. 1511–1523, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. D. Rosenfeld, Y. Rudich, and R. Lahav, “Desert dust suppressing precipitation: a possible desertification feedback loop,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 98, no. 11, pp. 5975–5980, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. K. M. Lau, M. K. Kim, and K. M. Kim, “Asian summer monsoon anomalies induced by aerosol direct forcing: the role of the Tibetan Plateau,” Climate Dynamics, vol. 26, no. 7-8, pp. 855–864, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. X. Liu, X. Xie, Z.-Y. Yin, C. Liu, and A. Gettelman, “A modeling study of the effects of aerosols on clouds and precipitation over East Asia,” Theoretical and Applied Climatology, vol. 106, no. 3-4, pp. 343–354, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. I. Tegen, S. P. Harrison, K. Kohfeld, I. C. Prentice, M. Coe, and M. Heimann, “Impact of vegetation and preferential source areas on global dust aerosol: results from a model study,” Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 107, no. 21, article 4576, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. C. Luo, N. M. Mahowald, and J. del Corral, “Sensitivity study of meteorological parameters on mineral aerosol mobilization, transport, and distribution,” Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 108, no. 15, pp. 1–21, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. D. F. Zhang, A. S. Zakey, X. J. Gao, F. Giorgi, and F. Solmon, “Simulation of dust aerosol and its regional feedbacks over East Asia using a regional climate model,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 1095–1110, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. H. Sun, Z. T. Pan, and X. D. Liu, “Numerical simulation of spatial-temporal distribution of dust aerosol and its direct radiative effects on East Asian climate,” Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 117, no. 13, Article ID D13206, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. C. P. Chang and K. M. Lau, “Short-term planetary-scale interactions over the tropics and midlatitudes during northern winter. Part I: contrasts between active and inactive periods,” Monthly Weather Review, vol. 110, no. 8, pp. 933–946, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. S. Q. Pei and C. Y. Li, “A further study on the East Asian winter monsoon and its influences. Part I: features of variation and anomaly,” Climatic and Environmental Research, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 124–136, 2007 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  31. C. Zhang and H. Zhang, “Potential impacts of East Asian winter monsoon on climate variability and predictability in the Australian summer monsoon region,” Theoretical and Applied Climatology, vol. 101, no. 1-2, pp. 161–177, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. S. Yang, K.-M. Lau, and K.-M. Kim, “Variations of the East Asian jet stream and Asian-Pacific-American winter climate anomalies,” Journal of Climate, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 306–325, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. X. Y. Zhang, H. Y. Lu, R. Arimoto, and S. L. Gong, “Atmospheric dust loadings and their relationship to rapid oscillations of the Asian winter monsoon climate: two 250-Kyr loess records,” Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 202, no. 3-4, pp. 637–643, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. H. C. Jiang and Z. L. Ding, “Eolian grain-size signature of the Sikouzi lacustrine sediments (Chinese Loess Plateau): implications for Neogene evolution of the East Asian winter monsoon,” Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, vol. 122, no. 5-6, pp. 843–854, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. Z. K. Xu, T. G. Li, X. K. Yu et al., “Sediment provenance and evolution of the East Asian winter monsoon since 700 ka recorded by major elements in the West Philippine Sea,” Chinese Science Bulletin, vol. 58, no. 9, pp. 1044–1052, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. Y. F. Wu, R. J. Zhang, Z. W. Han, and Z. W. Zeng, “Relationship between East Asian Monsoon and dust weather frequency over Beijing,” Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 1389–1398, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. J.-Y. Yu, Y.-W. Wang, and C.-W. Chang, “Asian dust storm activity and its association with atmospheric circulation from 1995 to 2006,” Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 375–391, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. M. Y. Jiao, R. Y. Niu, L. N. Zhao, and H. Yan, “Comparative analysis on causing factors of dust events,” Journal of Desert Research, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 696–700, 2004 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  39. R. L. Miller and I. Tegen, “Climate response to soil dust aerosols,” Journal of Climate, vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 3247–3267, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. Z. Ji, S. Kang, D. Zhang, C. Zhu, J. Wu, and Y. Xu, “Simulation of the anthropogenic aerosols over South Asia and their effects on Indian summer monsoon,” Climate Dynamics, vol. 36, no. 9-10, pp. 1633–1647, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. S. Das, S. Dey, S. K. Dash, and G. Basil, “Examining mineral dust transport over the Indian subcontinent using the regional climate model, RegCM4.1,” Atmospheric Research, vol. 134, pp. 64–76, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. V. Artale, S. Calmanti, A. Carillo et al., “An atmosphere-ocean regional climate model for the Mediterranean area: assessment of a present climate simulation,” Climate Dynamics, vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 721–740, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. B. Marticorena and G. Bergametti, “Modeling the atmospheric dust cycle: 1. Design of a soil-derived dust emission scheme,” Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 100, no. D8, pp. 16415–16430, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. S. C. Alfaro and L. Gomes, “Modeling mineral aerosol production by wind erosion: emission intensities and aerosol size distributions in source areas,” Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 106, no. 16, pp. 18075–18084, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. A. S. Zakey, F. Solmon, and F. Giorgi, “Implementation and testing of a desert dust module in a regional climate model,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 6, no. 12, pp. 4687–4704, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. M. Hess, P. Koepke, and I. Schult, “Optical properties of aerosolsand clouds: the software package OPAC,” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 79, no. 5, pp. 831–844, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. J. Kiehl, J. Hack, G. Bonan et al., “Description of the NCAR community climate model (CCM3),” Technical Report of National Center for Atmospheric Research, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  48. H. Wang, G. Shi, S. Li, W. Li, B. Wang, and Y. Huang, “The impacts of optical properties on radiative forcing due to dust aerosol,” Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 431–441, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. R. W. Reynolds, N. A. Rayner, T. M. Smith, D. C. Stokes, and W. Wang, “An improved in situ and satellite SST analysis for climate,” Journal of Climate, vol. 15, no. 13, pp. 1609–1625, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Desertification Map, Resource and Environment Database, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China, 1998.
  51. M. Kanamitsu, W. Ebisuzaki, J. Woollen et al., “NCEP–DOE AMIP-II reanalysis (R-2),” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 83, no. 11, pp. 1631–1559, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. T. R. Loveland, B. C. Reed, J. F. Brown et al., “Development of a global land cover characteristics database and IGBP DISCover from 1 km AVHRR data,” International Journal of Remote Sensing, vol. 21, no. 6-7, pp. 1303–1330, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. T. D. Mitchell and P. D. Jones, “An improved method of constructing a database of monthly climate observations and associated high-resolution grids,” International Journal of Climatology, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 693–712, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. Y. Zhang, K. R. Sperber, J. S. Boyle et al., “East Asian winter monsoon: results from eight AMIP models,” Climate Dynamics, vol. 13, no. 11, pp. 797–820, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. W. Chen, H.-F. Graf, and R. Huang, “The interannual variability of East Asian Winter Monsoon and its relation to the summer monsoon,” Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 48–60, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. S. Yang and R. Lu, “Predictability of the East Asian winter monsoon indices by the coupled models of ENSEMBLES,” Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 1279–1292, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  57. Z. Shi and X. Liu, “Distinguishing the provenance of fine-grained eolian dust over the Chinese Loess Plateau from a modelling perspective,” Tellus, Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, vol. 63, no. 5, pp. 959–970, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. X. T. Su, H. J. Wang, H. R. Tao, L. S. Liu, and H. F. Zhang, “Simulation on the spatio-temporal distribution and emission flux of dust aerosol over East Asia in 2000–2009,” Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 230–239, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  59. D. Yihui, “Build-up, air mass transformation and propagation of Siberian high and its relations to cold surge in East Asia,” Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, vol. 44, no. 1–4, pp. 281–292, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  60. C. T. Wang and L. Yu, “Sensitivity of regional climate model to different cumulus parameterization schemes in simulation of the Tibetan Plateau climate,” Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 1132–1144, 2011 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  61. D.-F. Zhang, X.-J. Gao, L.-C. Ouyang, and W.-J. Dong, “Simulation of present climate over East Asia by a regional climate model,” Journal of Tropical Meteorology, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 19–23, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  62. D.-Y. Gong, S.-W. Wang, and J.-H. Zhu, “East Asian winter monsoon and Arctic Oscillation,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 28, no. 10, pp. 2073–2076, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  63. J. Huang, T. Wang, W. Wang, Z. Li, and H. Yan, “Climate effects of dust aerosols over East Asian arid and semiarid regions,” Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol. 119, no. 19, pp. 11398–11416, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  64. N. G. Loeb and W. Su, “Direct aerosol radiative forcing uncertainty based on a radiative perturbation analysis,” Journal of Climate, vol. 23, no. 19, pp. 5288–5293, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  65. P. R. Colarco, E. P. Nowottnick, C. A. Randles et al., “Impact of radiatively interactive dust aerosols in the NASA GEOS-5 climate model: sensitivity to dust particle shape and refractive index,” Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 119, no. 2, pp. 753–786, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  66. K. H. Lee, Z. Li, M. S. Wong et al., “Aerosol single scattering albedo estimated across China from a combination of ground and satellite measurements,” Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 112, no. 22, Article ID D22S15, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  67. J. M. Ge, J. Su, T. P. Ackerman, Q. Fu, J. P. Huang, and J. S. Shi, “Dust aerosol optical properties retrieval and radiative forcing over northwestern China during the 2008 China-U.S. joint field experiment,” Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 115, no. 13, Article ID D00K12, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  68. M. J. Costa, B.-J. Sohn, V. Levizzani, and A. M. Silva, “Radiative forcing of Asian dust determined from the synergized GOME and GMS satellite data—a case study,” Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, vol. 84, no. 1, pp. 85–95, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  69. X. D. Liu, L. B. Yan, P. Yang, Z. Y. Yin, and G. R. North, “Influence of Indian summer monsoon on aerosol loading in East Asia,” Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 523–533, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  70. R. Schiemann, D. Lüthi, and C. Schär, “Seasonality and interannual variability of the westerley jet in the Tibetan Plateau region,” Journal of Climate, vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 2940–2957, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus