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Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2015, Article ID 254378, 11 pages
Research Article

On the Use of Threshold for the Ground Validation of Satellite Rain Rate

1Weather Radar Center, Korea Meteorological Administration, Seoul 156-720, Republic of Korea
2School of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, College of Engineering, Korea University, Seoul 136-713, Republic of Korea
3Department of Information Statistics, College of Science and Technology, Yonsei University, Wonju, Gangwon 222-701, Republic of Korea

Received 21 January 2015; Accepted 17 May 2015

Academic Editor: Hann-Ming H. Juang

Copyright © 2015 Jungsoo Yoon et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Ground-truthing is a major problem in the satellite estimation of rain rate. This problem is that the measurement taken by the satellite sensor is fundamentally different from the one it is compared with on the ground. Additionally, since the satellite has the limited capability to measure the light rain rate exactly, the comparison should also consider the threshold value of satellite rain rate. This paper proposes a ground-truth design with threshold for the satellite rain rate. This ground-truth design is the generalization of the conventional ground-truth design which considered the only (zero, nonzero) and (nonzero, nonzero) measurement pairs. The mean-square error is used as an index of accuracy in estimating the ground measurement by satellite measurement. An application to the artificial random field shows that the proposed ground-truth design with threshold is valid as the design bias is zero. The same result is also derived in the application to the COMS (Communication, Ocean, and Meteorological Satellite) rain rate data in Korea.