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Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2015, Article ID 808617, 14 pages
Research Article

Evaluation of the Wind Energy Potential in the Coastal Environment of Two Enclosed Seas

Department of Mechanical Engineering, “Dunarea de Jos” University of Galati, 6200 Galati, Romania

Received 1 April 2015; Revised 29 May 2015; Accepted 30 May 2015

Academic Editor: Julio Diaz

Copyright © 2015 Florin Onea et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The work presents a comprehensive picture of the wind energy potential in the coastal environment of the Black and the Caspian Seas. 10-year of data coming from the US National Centers for Environmental Prediction was considered as the main source. This dataset was subsequently compared with both in situ and remotely sensed measurements. The results show that the western side of the Black Sea has an enhanced wind power potential, especially in the vicinity of the Crimean Peninsula. As regards the Caspian Sea, the northeastern sector can be considered more energetic. A direct comparison of various wind parameters corresponding to the locations with higher potential in the two target areas considered was also carried out, in order to notice the similarities and the key features that could be taken into account in the development of an offshore wind project. Finally, it can be concluded that the coastal environments of the Black and the Caspian Seas can become in the near future promising locations for the wind energy extraction, as well as for the hybrid wind-wave energy farms that could play an important role also in the coastal protection.