Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2016, Article ID 2424875, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2424875
Research Article

Chemical Characteristics of High PM Episodes Occurring in Spring 2014, Seoul, Korea

Air Quality Research Division, National Institute of Environmental Research, Kyungseo-dong, Seo-gu, Incheon 404-708, Republic of Korea

Received 1 October 2015; Revised 24 December 2015; Accepted 12 January 2016

Academic Editor: Hang Xiao

Copyright © 2016 Hye Jung Shin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. N. Englert, “Fine particles and human health—a review of epidemiological studies,” Toxicology Letters, vol. 149, no. 1–3, pp. 235–242, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPSS), “The climate change 2013—physical science basis,” 2013, http://www.climatechange2013.org/images/report/WG1AR5_SPM_FINAL.pdf.
  3. H. Hagino, T. Takada, H. Kunimi, and K. Sakamoto, “Characterization and source presumption of wintertime submicron organic aerosols at Saitama, Japan, using the Aerodyne aerosol mass spectrometer,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 41, no. 39, pp. 8834–8845, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. C. K. Chan and X. Yao, “Air pollution in mega cities in China,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 1–42, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. F. Duan, X. Liu, T. Yu, and H. Cachier, “Identification and estimate of biomass burning contribution to the urban aerosol organic carbon concentrations in Beijing,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 38, no. 9, pp. 1275–1282, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. B. Guinot, H. Cachier, J. Sciare, Y. Tong, W. Xin, and Y. Jianhua, “Beijing aerosol: atmospheric interactions and new trends,” Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol. 112, no. 14, Article ID D14314, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. Sun, Q. Zhang, M. R. Canagaratna et al., “Highly time- and size-resolved characterization of submicron aerosol particles in Beijing using an Aerodyne Aerosol Mass Spectrometer,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 131–140, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. A. M. Fiore, D. J. Jacob, I. Bey, R. M. Yantosca, B. D. Field, and A. C. Fusco, “Background ozone over the united states in Summer: origin, trend, and contribution to pollution episodes,” Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 107, article D15, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. P. Pochanart, S. Kato, T. Katsuno, and H. Akimoto, “Eurasian continental background and regionally polluted levels of ozone and CO observed in northeast Asia,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 38, no. 9, pp. 1325–1336, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. H. Tanimoto, Y. Sawa, H. Matsueda et al., “Significant latitudinal gradient in the surface ozone spring maximum over East Asia,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 32, no. 21, Article ID L21805, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. H. J. Shin, K. M. Cho, J. S. Han, J. S. Kim, and Y. P. Kim, “The effects of precursor emission and background concentration changes on the surface ozone concentration over Korea,” Aerosol and Air Quality Research, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 93–103, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. E. Robinson and R. C. Robbins, “Atmospheric background concentrations of carbon monoxide,” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 174, no. 1, pp. 89–95, 1970. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. Korea Ministry of Environment (KMOE), Annual Report of Air Quality in Korea 2012, National Institute of Environmental Research, Incheon, South Korea, 2013 (Korean).
  14. Y. S. Ghim, “Impacts of Asian dust on atmospheric environment,” Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 255–271, 2011 (Korean). View at Google Scholar
  15. Y. P. Kim and M. J. Yeo, “The trend of the concentrations of the criteria pollutants over Seoul,” Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 369–377, 2013 (Korean). View at Google Scholar
  16. J. Kim, C. H. Jung, B.-C. Choi et al., “Number size distribution of atmospheric aerosols during ACE-Asia dust and precipitation events,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 41, no. 23, pp. 4841–4855, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. Korean Statistical Information Service (KOSIS), 2014 (Korean), http://kosis.kr/statisticsList/statisticsList_01List.jsp?Vw cd=MTJTITLE&parmTabId=M010MT1.
  18. E. H. Kang, J. H. Han, M. H. Lee, G. Lee, and J. C. Kim, “Chemical characteristics of size-resolved aerosols from Asian dust and haze episode in Seoul Metropolitan City,” Atmospheric Research, vol. 127, pp. 34–46, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. Metrohm Applikon, MARGA-Monitor for Aerosol and Gases in Ambient Air, Metrohm Applikon, Herisau, Switzerland, 2013.
  20. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), “Elemental carbon (diesel particulate): method 5040,” in NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods, P. M. Eller and M. E. Cassinelli, Eds., National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA, 4th edition, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  21. B. T. Mader, J. J. Schauer, J. H. Seinfeld et al., “Sampling methods used for the collection of particle-phase organic and elemental carbon during ACE-Asia,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 37, no. 11, pp. 1435–1449, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. Chinese Environmental Monitoring Center, National air quality data, December 2014 (Chinese), http://113.108.142.147:20035/emcpublish.
  23. K. He, Q. Zhao, Y. Ma et al., “Spatial and seasonal variability of PM 2.5 acidity at two Chinese megacities: insights into the formation of secondary inorganic aerosols,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 1377–1395, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. A. Ooki and M. Uematsu, “Chemical interactions between mineral dust particles and acid gases during Asian dust events,” Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 110, no. 3, pp. 1–13, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. A. Vlasenko, S. Sjogren, E. Weingartner, K. Stemmler, H. W. Gäggeler, and M. Ammann, “Effect of humidity on nitric acid uptake to mineral dust aerosol particles,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 6, no. 8, pp. 2147–2160, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. H. Yuan, Y. Wang, and G. Zhunag, “The simultaneous determination of organic acid, MSA with the inorganic anions in aerosol and rain water by ion chromatography,” Journal of Instrumental Analysis, vol. 22, pp. 11–14, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  27. R. R. Draxler and G. D. Hess, “An overview of the HYSPLIT-4 modelling system for trajectories, dispersion and deposition,” Australian Meteorological Magazine, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 295–308, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. K. Ram, M. M. Sarin, A. K. Sudheer, and R. Rengarajan, “Carbonaceous and secondary inorganic aerosols during wintertime fog and haze over urban sites in the Indo-Gangetic plain,” Aerosol and Air Quality Research, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 355–366, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus