Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2016, Article ID 6318460, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6318460
Research Article

The Impact of Storm Tracks on Warm-Season Precipitation in the Midwest: Contrasting the 1988 Drought and 1993 Flood

1School of Education, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO 63108, USA
2Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO 63108, USA

Received 13 February 2015; Revised 18 May 2015; Accepted 26 May 2015

Academic Editor: Igor I. Mokhov

Copyright © 2016 Timothy Paul Eichler and Zaitao Pan. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. NOAA, Billion-Dollar Weather/Climate Disasters, 2014, http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/billions/events.
  2. S. A. Changnon, “The 1988 drought, barges, and diversion,” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 70, no. 9, pp. 1092–1104, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. K. Wahl, K. C. Vining, and G. J. Wiche, “Precipitation in the Upper Mississippi River Basin January 1 through July 31 1993,” US Geological Survey Circular 1120-B, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  4. R. Atlas, N. Wolfson, and J. Terry, “The effect of SST and soil moisture on GLA model simulations of the 1988 U.S. summer drought,” Journal of Climate, vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 2034–2048, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. P. Chen and M. Newman, “Rossby wave propagation and the rapid development of upper-level anomalous anticyclones during the 1988 U.S. drought,” Journal of Climate, vol. 11, no. 10, pp. 2491–2504, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. Z. Liu, M. Ting, and H. Wang, “Maintenance of circulation anomalies during the 1988 drought and 1993 floods over the United States,” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 55, no. 17, pp. 2810–2832, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. K. E. Kunkel, S. A. Changnon, and J. R. Angel, “Climatic aspects of the 1993 Upper Mississippi River Basin flood,” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 75, no. 5, pp. 811–822, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. G. D. Bell and J. E. Janowiak, “Atmospheric circulation associated with the Midwest floods of 1993,” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 76, no. 5, pp. 681–695, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. K. E. Trenberth and C. J. Guillemot, “Physical processes involved in the 1988 drought and 1993 floods in north America,” Journal of Climate, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 1288–1298, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. J. Weaver, A. Ruiz-Barradas, and S. Nigam, “Pentad evolution of the 1988 drought and 1993 flood over the great plains: an NARR perspective on the atmospheric and terrestrial water balance,” Journal of Climate, vol. 22, no. 20, pp. 5366–5384, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. Namias, “Spring and summer 1988 drought over the contiguous united states—causes and prediction,” Journal of Climate, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 54–65, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. K. E. Trenberth and G. W. Branstator, “Issues in establishing causes of the 1988 drought over North America,” Journal of Climate, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 159–172, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  13. R. Seager and M. Hoerling, “Atmosphere and ocean origins of North American droughts,” Journal of Climate, vol. 27, no. 12, pp. 4581–4606, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. M. Hoerling and A. Kumar, “The perfect ocean for drought,” Science, vol. 299, no. 5607, pp. 691–694, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. Z. Pan, M. Segal, R. Turner, and E. Takle, “Model simulation of impacts of transient surface wetness on summer rainfall in the United States Midwest during drought and flood years,” Monthly Weather Review, vol. 123, no. 5, pp. 1575–1581, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  16. Z. Pan, R. W. Arritt, M. Segal, T.-C. Chen, and S.-P. Weng, “Effects of quasi-stationary large-scale anomalies on some mesoscale features associated with the 1993 flood: a regional model simulation,” Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 105, no. 24, pp. 29551–29564, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. Saha, S. Moorthi, H.-L. Pan et al., “The NCEP climate forecast system reanalysis,” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 91, no. 8, pp. 1015–1057, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. M. C. Serreze, “Climatological aspects of cyclone development and decay in the Arctic,” Atmosphere-Ocean, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 1–23, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. F. Carse, R. G. Barry, and J. C. Rogers, “Icelandic low cyclone activity: climatological features, linkages with the NAO and relationships with recent changes in the Northern Hemisphere circulation,” Journal of Climate, vol. 10, pp. 453–464, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  20. U. Neu, M. G. Akperov, N. Bellenbaum et al., “IMILAST—a community effort to intercompare extratropical cyclone detection and tracking algorithms,” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 94, pp. 529–547, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. T. Eichler and W. Higgins, “Climatology and ENSO-related variability of North American extratropical cyclone activity,” Journal of Climate, vol. 19, no. 10, pp. 2076–2093, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. V. E. Kousky and R. W. Higgins, “An alert classification system for monitoring and assessing the ENSO cycle,” Weather and Forecasting, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 353–371, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus