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Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 1351308, 11 pages
Review Article

A Survey and Perspectives on Mathematical Models for Quantitative Precipitation Estimation Using Lightning

Departamento de Física, Departamento de Matemáticas, Universidad de Sonora, Blvd. Luis Encinas y Rosales s/n, 83000 Hermosillo, SON, Mexico

Correspondence should be addressed to Julio Waissman

Received 1 February 2017; Accepted 27 April 2017; Published 17 July 2017

Academic Editor: Harry D. Kambezidis

Copyright © 2017 Carlos Manuel Minjarez-Sosa and Julio Waissman. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Lightning is one of the most spectacular phenomena in nature. It is produced when there is a breakdown in the resistance in the electric field between the ground and an electrically charged cloud. By simple observation, we observe that precipitation, especially the most intense, is often accompanied by lightning. Given this observation, lightning has been employed to estimate convective precipitation since 1969. In early studies, mathematical models were deduced to quantify this relationship and used to estimate precipitation. Currently, the use of several techniques to estimate precipitation is gaining momentum, and lightning is one of the novel techniques to complement the traditional techniques for Quantitative Precipitation Estimation. In this paper, the authors provide a survey of the mathematical methods employed to estimate precipitation through the use of cloud-to-ground lightning. We also offer a perspective on the future research to this end.