Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2017, Article ID 3078079, 12 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/3078079
Research Article

The Relationship between Polar Vortex and Ozone Depletion in the Antarctic Stratosphere during the Period 1979–2016

Yu Zhang,1,2 Jing Li,2,3,4 and Libo Zhou5

1College of Ocean and Meteorology, Guangdong Ocean University, Zhanjiang, China
2Department of Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, NY, USA
3Nansen-Zhu International Research Centre, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
4University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
5LAPC & LAOR, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Libo Zhou; nc.ca.pai.liam@obiluohz

Received 25 May 2017; Revised 14 July 2017; Accepted 27 July 2017; Published 29 August 2017

Academic Editor: Dong Guo

Copyright © 2017 Yu Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. Van der Leun, X. Tang, and M. Tevini, “Environmental effects of ozone depletion: 1994 assessment,” AMBIO-STOCKHOLM, vol. 24, pp. 138–138, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  2. M. Norval, A. Cullen, F. De Gruijl, J. Longstreth, Y. Takizawa et al., “The effects on human health from stratospheric ozone depletion and its interactions with climate change,” Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences, vol. 6, pp. 232–251, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  3. M. R. Schoeberl and D. L. Hartmann, “The dynamics of the stratospheric polar vortex and its relation to springtime ozone depletions,” Science, vol. 251, no. 4989, pp. 46–52, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. G. Titus, Effects of Changes in Stratospheric Ozone and Global Climate: Sea Level Rise, vol. 4, US Environmental Protection Agency, 1986.
  5. J. C. Farman, B. G. Gardiner, and J. D. Shanklin, “Large losses of total ozone in Antarctica reveal seasonal ClO x/NOx interaction,” Nature, vol. 315, no. 6016, pp. 207–210, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. R. S. Stolarski, A. J. Krueger, M. R. Schoeberl, R. D. Mcpeters, P. A. Newman, and J. C. Alpert, “Nimbus 7 satellite measurements of the springtime Antarctic ozone decrease,” Nature, vol. 322, no. 6082, pp. 808–811, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. B. Pierce and T. D. A. Fairlie, “Chaotic advection in the stratosphere: Implications for the dispersal of chemically perturbed air from the polar vortex,” Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol. 98, pp. 18589–18595, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  8. E. R. Nash, P. A. Newman, J. E. Rosenfield, and M. R. Schoeberl, “Schoeberl, M.R. An objective determination of the polar vortex using Ertel's potential vorticity,” Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol. 101, pp. 9471–9478, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  9. T. J. Duck, J. A. Whiteway, and A. I. Carswell, “Lidar observations of gravity wave activity and Arctic stratospheric vortex core warming,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 25, no. 15, pp. 2813–2816, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. D. W. J. Thompson, M. P. Baldwin, and J. M. Wallace, “Stratospheric connection to Northern Hemisphere wintertime weather: Implications for prediction,” Journal of Climate, vol. 15, no. 12, pp. 1421–1428, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. Li, K. Fan, J. Xu, A. M. Powell, and F. Kogan, “The effect of preceding wintertime Arctic polar vortex on springtime NDVI patterns in boreal Eurasia, 1982–2015,” Climate Dynamics, pp. 1–13, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. Z. Wang and Y. Ding, “Impacts of the long-term change of the summer Asian polar vortex on the circulation system and the water vapor transport in East Asia,” Chinese J Geophys, vol. 52, pp. 20–29, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  13. D. W. Waugh and L. M. Polvani, “Stratospheric polar vortices,” Geophysical Monograph Series, vol. 190, no. 1, pp. 43–57, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. H. Proffitt, J. J. Margitan, K. K. Kelly, M. Loewenstein, J. R. Podolske, and K. R. Chan, “Ozone loss in the Arctic polar vortex inferred from high-altitude aircraft measurements,” Nature, vol. 347, no. 6288, pp. 31–36, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. G. Anderson, D. W. Toohey, and W. H. Brune, “Free radicals within the Antarctic vortex: the role of CFCs in Antarctic ozone loss,” Science, vol. 251, no. 4989, pp. 39–46, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. B. Hassler, G. E. Bodeker, S. Solomon, and P. J. Young, “Changes in the polar vortex: Effects on Antarctic total ozone observations at various stations,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 38, no. 1, Article ID L01805, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. L. Zhou, Y. Zhang, and S. Ma, “Continuous ozone depletion over Antarctica after 2000 and its relationship with the polar vortex,” Journal of Meteorological Research, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 162–171, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. N. Butchart and E. E. Remsberg, “The area of the stratospheric polar vortex as a diagnostic for tracer transport on an isentropic surface.,” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 43, no. 13, pp. 1319–1339, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. C. I. Garfinkel, D. L. Hartmann, and F. Sassi, “Tropospheric precursors of anomalous northern hemisphere stratospheric polar vortices,” Journal of Climate, vol. 23, no. 12, pp. 3282–3299, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. P. Berrisford, D. Dee, K. Fielding, M. Fuentes, P. Kallberg et al., “The ERA-interim archive,” ERA report series, pp. 1–16, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  21. D. P. Dee, S. M. Uppala, and A. J. Simmons, “The ERA-Interim reanalysis: configuration and performance of the data assimilation system,” Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, vol. 137, no. 656, pp. 553–597, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. M. E. McIntyre and T. N. Palmer, “The 'surf zone' in the stratosphere,” Journal of Atmospheric and Terrestrial Physics, vol. 46, no. 9, pp. 825–849, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. L. R. Lait, “An alternative form for potential vorticity,” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 51, pp. 1754–1759, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  24. A. Karpetchko, E. Kyrö, and B. M. Knudsen, “Arctic and Antarctic polar vortices 1957-2002 as seen from the ERA-40 reanalyses,” Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, vol. 110, no. 21, Article ID D21109, pp. 1–14, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. R. Schoeberl, L. R. Lait, P. A. Newman, and J. E. Rosenfield, “The structure of the polar vortex,” Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 97, no. 8, pp. 7859–7882, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. D. W. Waugh and W. J. Randel, “Climatology of Arctic and Antarctic polar vortices using elliptical diagnostics,” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 56, no. 11, pp. 1594–1613, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. V. Limpasuvan, D. L. Hartmann, D. W. J. Thompson, K. Jeev, and Y. L. Yung, “Stratosphere-troposphere evolution during polar vortex intensification,” Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, vol. 110, no. 24, Article ID D24101, pp. 1–15, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. K. Walter and H. F. Graf, “The North Atlantic variability structure, storm tracks, and precipitation depending on the polar vortex strength,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 239–248, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. R. Ren and M. Cai, “Polar vortex oscillation viewed in an isentropic potential vorticity coordinate,” Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 884–900, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. J. Rao, R. Ren, and Y. Yang, “Parallel comparison of the northern winter stratospheric circulation in reanalysis and in CMIP5 models,” Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 952–966, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. G. L. Manney, R. W. Zurek, M. E. Gelman, A. J. Miller, and R. Nagatani, “The anomalous Arctic lower stratospheric polar vortex of 1992–1993,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 21, no. 22, pp. 2405–2408, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. G. Hansen and M. P. Chipperfield, “Ozone depletion at the edge of the Arctic polar vortex 1996/1997,” Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol. 104, pp. 1837–1845, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  33. K. Mohanakumar, Stratosphere Troposphere Interactions: an Introduction, Springer Science & Business Media, 2008.
  34. P. Wadhams, J. A. Dowdeswell, and A. Schofield, Arctic and Environmental Change, vol. 352, CRC Press, 1997.
  35. R. Müller, Tracer-tracer Relations as a Tool for Research on Polar Ozone Loss, vol. 58, Forschungszentrum Jülich, 2010.
  36. S. Zhou, M. E. Gelman, A. J. Miller, and J. P. McCormack, “An Inter-hemisphere comparison of the persistent stratospheric polar vortex,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 27, no. 8, pp. 1123–1126, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. D. W. Waugh and P.-P. Rong, “Interannual variability in the decay of lower stratospheric Arctic vortices,” Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, vol. 80, no. 4 B, pp. 997–1012, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. S. Montzka, S. Reimann, A. Engel, K. Kruger, W. Sturges et al., “Scientific assessment of ozone depletion: 2010,” Global Ozone Research and Monitoring Project-Report, vol. 51, 2011. View at Google Scholar