Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 3504254, 13 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/3504254
Research Article

Characteristics of Water Vapor in the UTLS over the Tibetan Plateau Based on AURA/MLS Observations

1College of Atmospheric Science, Chengdu University of Information Technology and Plateau Atmospheric and Environment Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu 610225, China
2State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather (LASW) and Institute of Atmospheric Composition, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
3Anqing Meteorological Bureau, Anqing 246003, China
4Sichuan Academy of Environmental Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Quanliang Chen

Received 26 April 2017; Accepted 28 June 2017; Published 31 July 2017

Academic Editor: Dong Guo

Copyright © 2017 Yi Sun et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Sinha and J. E. Harries, “Water vapour and greenhouse trapping: The role of far infrared absorption,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 22, no. 16, pp. 2147–2150, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. I. M. Held and B. J. Soden, “Water vapor feedback and global warming,” Annual Review of Energy and the Environment, vol. 25, pp. 441–475, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. F. Forster, M. Piers, and K. P. Shine, “Stratospheric water vapour changes as a possible contributor to observed stratospheric cooling,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 26, no. 21, pp. 3309–3312, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. J. Oltmans and D. J. Hofmann, “Increase in lower-stratospheric water vapour at a mid-latitude Northern Hemisphere site from 1981 to 1994,” Nature, vol. 374, no. 6518, pp. 146–149, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. Kremser, M. Rex, U. Langematz, M. Dameris, and I. Wohltmann, “Validation of water vapour transport in the tropical tropopause region in coupled Chemistry Climate Models,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 10999–11037, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. P. W. Mote, K. H. Rosenlof, M. E. McIntyre et al., “An atmospheric tape recorder: the imprint of tropical tropopause temperatures on stratospheric water vapor,” Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 101, no. D2, pp. 3989–4006, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. C. H. Shi, B. Zheng, and Y. J. Chen, “The quasi-biennial oscillation of water vapor in tropic stratosphere,” Chinese Journal of Geophysics, vol. 52, no. 10, pp. 2428–2435, 2009 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  8. C.-H. Shi, H. Li, B. Zheng, and D. Guo, “An atypical cold vortex structure and its precipitation over Northeast China based on Cloudsat detection,” Chinese Journal of Geophysics, vol. 56, no. 8, pp. 2594–2602, 2013 (Chinese). View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. C. H. Shi, H. Li, B. Zheng et al., “Stratosphere-troposphere exchange corresponding to a deep convection in warm sector and abnormal subtropical front induced by a cutoff low over east asia,” Chinese Journal of Geophysics, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 21–30, 2014 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  10. A. Raval and V. Ramanathan, “Observational determination of the greenhouse effect,” Nature, vol. 342, no. 6251, pp. 758–761, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. R. D. Cess, G. L. Potter, J. P. Blanchet et al., “Intercomparison and interpretation of climate feedback processes in 19 atmospheric general circulation models,” Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, vol. 95, no. D10, pp. 16601–16615, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  12. B. J. Soden, D. L. Jackson, V. Ramaswamy, M. D. Schwarzkopf, and X. Huang, “The radiative signature of upper tropospheric moistening,” Science, vol. 310, no. 5749, pp. 841–844, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. Solomon, K. H. Rosenlof, R. W. Portmann et al., “Contributions of stratospheric water vapor to decadal changes in the rate of global warming,” Science, vol. 327, no. 5970, pp. 1219–1223, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. R. S. Lindzen, “Some coolness concerning global warming,” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 71, no. 3, pp. 288–299, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. D. Z. Sun and R. S. Lindzen, “Distribution of tropical tropospheric water vapor,” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 50, no. 12, pp. 1643–1660, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. R. S. Lindzen, M.-D. Chou, and A. Y. Hou, “Does the earth have an adaptive infrared iris?” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 82, no. 3, pp. 417–432, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. X. J. Zhou, C. Luo, and W. L. Li, “The column ozone variation in China and the the low value ozone center over Tibetan Plateau,” Chinese Science Bulletin, vol. 40, no. 15, pp. 1396–1398, 1995 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  18. A. Gettelman, D. E. Kinnison, T. J. Dunkerton, and G. P. Brasseur, “Impact of monsoon circulations on the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere,” Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 109, no. 22, pp. 51–67, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. W. J. Randel, M. Park, L. Emmons et al., “Asian monsoon transport of pollution to the stratosphere,” Science, vol. 328, no. 5978, pp. 611–613, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. W. J. Randel and M. Park, “Deep convective influence on the Asian summer monsoon anticyclone and associated tracer variability observed with Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS),” Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, vol. 111, no. D12, Article ID D12314, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. D. R. Jackson, S. J. Driscoll, E. J. Highwood, J. E. Harries, and J. M. Russell, “Troposphere to stratosphere transport at low latitudes as studied using HALOE observations of water vapour 1992–1997,” Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, vol. 124, no. 545, pp. 169–192, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. R. Fu, Y. Hu, J. S. Wright et al., “Short circuit of water vapor and polluted air to the global stratosphere by convective transport over the Tibetan Plateau,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 103, no. 15, pp. 5664–5669, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. S. J. Evans, R. Toumi, J. E. Harries, M. R. Chipperfield, and J. M. Russell, “Trends in stratospheric humidity and the sensitivity of ozone to these trends,” Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol. 103, no. D8, pp. 8715–8725, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. C. A. Smith, R. Toumi, and J. D. Haigh, “Seasonal trends in stratospheric water vapour,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 27, no. 12, pp. 1687–1690, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. H. L. Clark, R. S. Harwood, P. W. Mote et al., “Variability of water vapor in the tropical upper troposphere as measured by the Microwave Limb Sounder on UARS,” Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol. 103, no. D24, pp. 31695–31707, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  26. P. W. Mote, H. L. Clark, T. J. Dunkerton et al., “Intraseasonal variations of water vapor in the tropical upper troposphere and tropopause region,” Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, vol. 105, no. D13, pp. 17454–17470, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  27. N. Eguchi and M. Shiotani, “Intraseasonal variations of water vapor and cirrus clouds in the tropical upper troposphere,” Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 109, no. D12, Article ID D12106, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. A. E. Dessler, M. R. Schoeberl, T. Wang, S. M. Davis, K. H. Rosenlof, and J.-P. Vernier, “Variations of stratospheric water vapor over the past three decades,” Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol. 119, no. 22, pp. 12588–12598, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. S. Sridharan and M. Sandhya, “Long-term (2004–2015) tendencies and variabilities of tropical UTLS water vapor mixing ratio and temperature observed by AURA/MLS using multivariate regression analysis,” Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, vol. 147, pp. 156–165, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. K. N. Uma, S. K. Das, and S. S. Das, “A climatological perspective of water vapor at the UTLS region over different global monsoon regions: Observations inferred from the Aura-MLS and reanalysis data,” Climate Dynamics, vol. 43, no. 1-2, pp. 407–420, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. W. Tian, H. Tian, S. Dhomse, and W. Feng, “A study of upper troposphere and lower stratosphere water vapor above the Tibetan Plateau using AIRS and MLS data,” Atmospheric Science Letters, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 233–239, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. B. T. Kuwagata, A. Numaguti, and N. Endo, “Diurnal variation of water vapor over the central Tibetan plateau during summer,” Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 401–418, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. J. C. Bian, R. C. Yan, and H. B. Chen, “Tropospheric pollutant transport to the stratosphere by Asian summer monsoon,” Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 897–902, 2011 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  34. B. Chen, X.-D. Xu, S. Yang, and H.-C. Bian, “On the characteristics of water vapor transport from atmosphere boundary layer to stratosphere over Tibetan Plateau regions in summer,” Chinese Journal of Geophysics, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 406–414, 2012 (Chinese). View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. D. F. Hurst, A. Lambert, W. G. Read et al., “Validation of Aura Microwave Limb Sounder stratospheric water vapor measurements by the NOAA frost point hygrometer,” Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol. 119, no. 3, pp. 1612–1625, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. N. J. Livesey, W. G. Read, L. Froidevaux et al., “Version 3.3 Level 2 data quality and description document,” Tech. Rep. D-335.9, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  37. A. Lambert, W. G. Read, N. J. Livesey et al., “Validation of the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder middleatmosphere water vapor and nitrous oxide measurements,” Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmosphere, vol. 112, no. D24, Article ID D24S36, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  38. M. J. Schwartz, A. Lambert, and G. L. Manney, “Validation of the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder temperature and geopotential height measurements,” Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol. 113, no. D15, Article ID D15S11, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  39. B. Chen, X. H. Shi, X. D. Xu et al., “Characteristics of UT/LS carbon monoxide interseasonal oscillations and their associated factors over the Tibetan Plateau and its adjacent areas in summer,” Journal of Tropical Meteorology, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 679–689, 2011 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  40. B. Chen and X. Liu, “Seasonal migration of circus clouds over the Asian Monsoon regions and the Tibetan Plateau measured from MODIS/Terra,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 1–4, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. D. Kley, E. J. Stone, W. R. Henderson et al., “In situ measurements of the mixing ratio of water vapor in the stratosphere,” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 36, no. 12, pp. 2513–2524, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. G. Brasseur and S. Solomon, Aeronomy of the Middle Stratosphere: Chemistry and Physics of the Stratosphere and Mesosphere, Springer, 1986.
  43. H. Zou and Y. Gao, “Vertical ozone profile over Tibet using SAGE I and II data,” Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 505–512, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. Y. Chen, R. Zhou, C. Shi, and Y. Bi, “Study on the trace species in the stratosphere and their impact on climate,” Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 1020–1039, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. Y. Bi, Y. J. Chen, R. J. Zhou et al., “Study on H2O and CH4 distributions and variations over Qinghai-Xizang plateau using HALOE data,” Plateau Meteorology, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 249–258, 2008 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar