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Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2017, Article ID 5472869, 11 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5472869
Research Article

Spatiotemporal Variation of Frost within Growing Periods

1Agricultural Research Council, Institute for Soil, Climate and Water, Private Bag X79, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
2Risks and Vulnerability Assessment Centre, University of Limpopo, Private Bag X1106, Sovenga 0727, South Africa

Correspondence should be addressed to Mokhele Edmond Moeletsi; az.cirga.cra@misteleom

Received 22 February 2017; Revised 13 May 2017; Accepted 4 June 2017; Published 26 July 2017

Academic Editor: Anthony R. Lupo

Copyright © 2017 Mokhele Edmond Moeletsi and Mphethe Isaac Tongwane. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Frost is one of the devastating agroclimatological hazards affecting crop production in the Free State Province of South Africa. In this study, frost (0°C threshold) probabilities within different growing periods starting from the first dekad of October to the third dekad of February for a 100-day, 120-day, and 140-day crop were determined. The data used in the investigation was daily minimum temperature obtained from 55 weather stations located in and around the Free State Province with data from 1950 to 2010. The results show high spatial and temporal variability of frost within the different growing periods. The western, central, northern, and northwestern parts of the province have the longest planting window for all the growing lengths from mid-October to mid-January. The eastern, northeastern, southern, and southeastern parts of Free State have the highest frost risk with shortened planting window mostly from the first dekad of November to the second dekad of December. Thus, careful consideration of frost incidences is important for successful crop production in this area.