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Advances in Mathematical Physics publishes papers that seek to understand mathematical basis of physical phenomena, and solve problems in physics via mathematical approaches.
Chief Editor, Prof Di Matteo (Department of Mathematics, King’s College London), engages in world-leading multidisciplinary and data-driven research focussed on the analysis of complex data from the perspective of a statistical physicist.
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Theory of Generalized Canonical Transformations for Birkhoff Systems
Transformation is an important means to study problems in analytical mechanics. It is often difficult to solve dynamic equations, and the use of variable transformation can make the equations easier to solve. The theory of canonical transformations plays an important role in solving Hamilton’s canonical equations. Birkhoffian mechanics is a natural generalization of Hamiltonian mechanics. This paper attempts to extend the canonical transformation theory of Hamilton systems to Birkhoff systems and establish the generalized canonical transformation of Birkhoff systems. First, the definition and criterion of the generalized canonical transformation for the Birkhoff system are established. Secondly, based on the criterion equation and considering the generating functions of different forms, six generalized canonical transformation formulas are derived. As special cases, the canonical transformation formulas of classical Hamilton’s equations are given. At the end of the paper, two examples are given to illustrate the application of the results.
Indefinite Ruhe’s Variant of the Block Lanczos Method for Solving the Systems of Linear Equations
In this paper, we equip with an indefinite scalar product with a specific Hermitian matrix, and our aim is to develop some block Krylov methods to indefinite mode. In fact, by considering the block Arnoldi, block FOM, and block Lanczos methods, we design the indefinite structures of these block Krylov methods; along with some obtained results, we offer the application of this methods in solving linear systems, and as the testifiers, we design numerical examples.
Analysis of Heating Effects and Different Wave Forms on Peristaltic Flow of Carreau Fluid in Rectangular Duct
The existing analysis deals with heat transfer occurrence on peristaltic transport of a Carreau fluid in a rectangular duct. Flow is scrutinized in a wave frame of reference moving with velocity away from a fixed frame. A peristaltic wave propagating on the horizontal side walls of a rectangular duct is discussed under lubrication approximation. In order to carry out the analytical solution of velocity, temperature, and pressure gradient, the homotopy perturbation method is employed. Graphical results are displayed to see the impact of various emerging parameters of the Carreau fluid and power law index. Trapping effects of peristaltic transport is also discussed and observed that number of trapping bolus decreases with an increase in aspect ratio .
The Existence of the Sign-Changing Solutions for the Kirchhoff-Schrödinger-Poisson System in Bounded Domains
In this paper, we study a class of the Kirchhoff-Schrödinger-Poisson system. By using the quantitative deformation lemma and degree theory, the existence result of the least energy sign-changing solution is obtained. Meanwhile, the energy doubling property is proved, that is, we prove that the energy of any sign-changing solution is strictly larger than twice that of the least energy. Moreover, we also get the convergence properties of as the parameters and .
Entanglement Quantification of Correlated Photons Generated by Three-Level Laser with Parametric Amplifier and Coupled to a Two-Mode Vacuum Reservoir
In this paper, the detailed inseparability criteria of entanglement quantification of correlated two-mode light generated by a three-level laser with a coherently driven parametric amplifier and coupled to a two-mode vacuum reservoir is thoroughly analyzed. Using the master equation, we obtain the stochastic differential equation and the correlation properties of the noise forces associated with the normal ordering. Next, we study the squeezing and the photon entanglement by considering different inseparability criteria. The various criteria of entanglement used in this paper show that the light generated by the quantum optical system is entangled and the amount of entanglement is amplified by introducing the parametric amplifier into the laser cavity and manipulating the linear gain coefficient.
A Posteriori Error Estimates for Hughes Stabilized SUPG Technique and Adaptive Refinement for a Convection-Diffusion Problem
The motive of the present work is to propose an adaptive numerical technique for singularly perturbed convection-diffusion problem in two dimensions. It has been observed that for small singular perturbation parameter, the problem under consideration displays sharp interior or boundary layers in the solution which cannot be captured by standard numerical techniques. In the present work, Hughes stabilization strategy along with the streamline upwind/Petrov-Galerkin (SUPG) method has been proposed to capture these boundary layers. Reliable a posteriori error estimates in energy norm on anisotropic meshes have been developed for the proposed scheme. But these estimates prove to be dependent on the singular perturbation parameter. Therefore, to overcome the difficulty of oscillations in the solution, an efficient adaptive mesh refinement algorithm has been proposed. Numerical experiments have been performed to test the efficiency of the proposed algorithm.