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Advances in Mathematical Physics
Volume 2016, Article ID 1297832, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1297832
Research Article

The Stability of Interbank Market Network: A Perspective on Contagion and Risk Sharing

Chi Xie,1,2 Yang Liu,1 Gang-Jin Wang,1,2,3 and Yan Xu1,2

1College of Business Administration, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China
2Center of Finance and Investment Management, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China
3Center for Polymer Studies and Department of Physics, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA

Received 16 October 2015; Accepted 24 January 2016

Academic Editor: Kiseop Lee

Copyright © 2016 Chi Xie et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

As an important part of the financial system, interbank market provides banks with liquidity and credit lending and also is the main channel for risk contagion. In this paper, we test the existence of systematic risk contagion within the Chinese interbank market. By building the networks of the Chinese interbank market for each year and using the measure of mutual information, we quantitatively detect the changes of interbank market networks and observe that the correlations between banks become increasingly tighter in recent years. With the bilateral risk exposure among Chinese listed commercial banks, we find that the possibility of systemic risk contagion in Chinese interbank market is fairly small. But of great concern on each individual bank, the matter is different. Our simulation shows that the failures of three special banks (i.e., Agricultural Bank of China and Bank of China and Industrial and Commercial Bank of China) most likely lead to systemic risk contagion. Furthermore, we test the antirisk ability of the Chinese interbank market from the perspective of risk sharing and discover that the interbank market is stable when the loss scale is lower than forty percent of banks’ total core capital.