Abstract

The Heisenberg ferromagnetic spin chain equation (HFSCE) is very important in modern magnetism theory. HFSCE expounded the nonlinear long-range ferromagnetic ordering magnetism. Also, it depicts the characteristic of magnetism to many insulating crystals as well as interaction spins. Moreover, the ferromagnetism plays a fundamental role in modern technology and industry and it is principal for many electrical and electromechanical devices such as generators, electric motors, and electromagnets. In this article, the exact solutions of the nonlinear ()-dimensional HFSCE are successfully examined by an extended modified version of the Jacobi elliptic expansion method (EMVJEEM). Consequently, much more new Jacobi elliptic traveling wave solutions are found. These new solutions have not yet been reported in the studied models. For the study models, the new solutions are singular solitons not yet observed. Additionally, certain interesting 3D and 2D figures are performed on the obtained solutions. The geometrical representation of the HFSCE provides the dynamical information to explain the physical phenomena. The results will be significant to understand and study the ()-dimensional HFSCE. Therefore, further studying EMVJEEM may help researchers to seek for more soliton solutions to other nonlinear differential equations.

1. Introduction and Main Results

The investigation of traveling wave solutions of nonlinear evolution equations (NLEEs) plays a key role in the study of the internal mechanisms of complex phenomena. In the last few decades, we have made imperative developments and found in the literature many powerful and skilled methods to obtain analytical traveling wave solutions, such as electromagnetism, liquid mechanics, atomic materials, complex physics, electrical engineering, optical fibers, and geochemistry [18]. As a result, a large number of mathematicians and physicists tried to invent various methods to obtain solutions to such equations. About describing various complex phenomena in the field of NLEEs, soliton theory plays a crucial role in a number of nonlinear models. Different scientists have studied the dynamics of solitons in different models. For instance, Belić [9] investigated analytical light bullet solutions of the generalized ()-dimensional nonlinear Schrödinger equation in 2007. In recent years, Kumar et al. have made great achievements in the study of nonlinear differential equations of water wave models by using Lie symmetry analysis [10, 11].

In 2011, Sabry et al. interpreted three-dimensional ion-acoustic envelope soliton excitations in electron-positron-ion magnetoplasmas through the derivation of three-dimensional nonlinear Schrödinger equation. [12] Helal and Seadawy applied function transformation methods to the D-dimensional nonlinear Schrödinger equation with damping and diffusive terms. [13] In 2012, Giulini and Groβardt [14] derived the Schrödinger-Newton equation for spherically symmetric gravitational fields in a WKB-like expansion in 1/ from the Einstein-Klein-Gordon and Einstein-Dirac system. Kumar et al. [15] obtained exact space-time periodic traveling wave solutions of the generalized ()-dimensional cubic-quandt nonlinear Schrödinger equation with spatial distribution coefficients. In 2017, Seadawy and Lu [16] derived the exact bright, dark, and bright-dark solitary wave soliton solutions of the generalized higher order nonlinear NLS equation by using the amplitude ansatz method. The powerful sine-Gordon expansion method was utilized to search for the solutions to some important nonlinear mathematical models arising in nonlinear sciences by Bulut et al. [17]. Zayed et al. [18] investigated the soliton solutions to the nonlinear Schrödinger equation with fourth-order dispersion and dual power law nonlinearity.

In modern magnetic theory, the ()-dimension HFSCE is considered as one of the very important equations to explain the dynamics of nonlinear magnets. The ()-dimensional HFSCE which is a suitable equation representing many insulating magnetic crystal properties and explaining spin-long ferromagnetic ordered interactions is of striking interest in the soliton theory. The soliton solutions for the ()-dimensional HFSC equation are characterized by high quality and qualitative studies for a lot of phenomena and processes in various fields such as ferromagnetic materials, nonlinear optics, and optical fibers. In the meantime, the Heisenberg model of ferromagnetic spin chains with various magnetic interactions associated with nonlinear evolution equations exhibiting a neat and tidy behavior in the classical and semiclassical continuum limits [19]. Inhomogeneous exchange interactions are also good candidates for activating spin reversal processes in ferromagnets [20]. In 2014, Latha and Vasanthi [21] applied the modified Kudryashov and Darboux transformation method for construction of exact traveling wave solutions. In 2017, Inc et al. [22] applied the complex envelope function and the generalized tanh methods to obtain the resolution of the soliton solutions of the two-dimensional HFSC equation. In 2018, Ma et al. [23] utilized an improved F-expansion method (Exp-function method) and the Jacobi elliptic method, respectively, to explore soliton solutions of the 2D-HFSC equation. In 2018, Li and Ma [24] used the Hirota bilinear method and chose proper polynomial functions in bilinear forms, the one-order rogue waves solution and its existence condition were obtained. In 2020, the different wave structures of the 2D-HFSC equation were investigated by Osman et al. [25] via the new extended FAN subequation method. In 2020, Bashar and Islam [26] implemented the modified simple equation (MSE) and improve F-expansion method to find the exact solutions of the HFSCE. In 2021, Hosseini et al. [27] investigated the HFSCE by the Jacobi elliptic functions (JEFs) method. In 2022, Sahoo and Tripathy [28] used the modified Khater method to study the HFSCE for the new exact solitary solutions.

Considering the ()-dimensional HFSCE [25, 27] which is defined as here

Here the complex-valued function signifies the wave propagation, are the spatial variables, and is the time variable. The lattice parameter is represented as with the interaction coefficients , while the anisotropic parameter [25, 27] is denoted as . In this section, we present a mathematical analysis of the proposed model. The complex wave transformation which has been taken into account to seek for the solitary solutions of HFSCE is of the next form: where the amplitude is denoted as with and is the corresponding phase component. By (3), we deduce that:

Inserting (3) and (4)–(7) into (1), the real part, and the imaginary part, here the and are all nonzero parameters.

In 2021, based on the ideas of the Jacobi elliptic functions, Yang and Zhang [29] used the unified F-expansion method to study the Korteweg-De Vries partial differential equations. In 2021, Ünal et al. [30] also investigated the exact solutions of space-time fractional symmetric regularized long wave equation using ideas of JEFs.

Twelve kinds JEFs are available in literature [31]. Basic JEFs are expressed as or or and other basic JEFs such as and . In addition, if and , then the JEFs turn into trigonometric and hyperbolic functions. Here, is the modulus and is a complex number. If is real, it can be arranged .

2. The Extend Modified Version of the Jacobi Elliptic Expansion Method

Based on the ideas of [30], we consider the following form of Equation (8), and we give the details of the extend modified version of the Jacobi elliptic expansion method (EMVJEEM) and employ this method to seek for new and more general traveling wave exact solutions to Equation (8).

Step 1. Regarding that the solution of Equation (8) can be expressed by a polynomial in as follows: in Equation (8), is satisfied the following differential equations: where and are arbitrary constants. can be determined by the uniform equilibrium term between the highest derivative and the nonlinear term appearing in (8). All the solutions of (11) are listed in Table 1.

Step 2. Taking (10) into (8) and using (11), (8) is converted into another polynomial in . Calculating all the coefficients of the polynomial to zero produces the system algebraic equations for ,, , , , and .

Step 3. The constants ,, can be obtained by solving the system of algebraic equations obtained in Step 3. Since (11) may have the following many possible solutions. Thus, the exact solutions for given (8) can be derived. Here:

Step 4. Putting the inverse transform into the solutions , we can get all exact solutions of the original Equation (8).

Remark 1. In 2021, Hosseini et al. [27] only considered the four cases in Table 1 (such as Cases 1, 2, 9, and 10). Obviously, we consider a broader scenario in Table 1, and therefore, more new solutions will be obtained in this paper.

3. Employing the EMVJEEM to Equation (8)

Taking into account the homogeneous equilibrium term between and in (8), it is easy to deduce . The solution of (9) can be listed as follows: here and are unknown constants and will be determined later.

By using (12) and (11) and collecting all terms with the same power together, we deduce

Substituting (14) into (9), we obtain

Sorting out all terms with the same power of together, we obtain

For the same term of function , we are extracting their unknown coefficients and setting them to zero to get the next equation:

Solving this system of equations, the unknown coefficients are found: and . From (3), we know that is the real function. Hence, takes the real cases in Table 1, the forms as follows:

Case 1. If , , and , then or , or or and .

Case 2. If , , and , then or , or or and .

Case 3. If , , and , then , and .

Case 4. If , , and , then , and .

Case 5. If , , and , then , and .

Case 6. If , , and , then , and .

Case 7. If , , and , then , and . and .

Case 8. If , , and , then , and .

Case 9. If , , and , then , and .

Case 10. If , , and , then , and .

Case 11. If , , and , then , and .

Case 12. If , , and , then , and .

Case 13. If , , and , then , and .

Case 14. If , , , then , and .

Case 15. If , , and , then or , or or and .

Case 16. If , , and , then or , or or and .

Case 17. If , , and , then or , or or and .

Case 18. If , , and , then or , or or