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Anemia
Volume 2012, Article ID 850681, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/850681
Research Article

Risk Factors for Anemia among Brazilian Infants from the 2006 National Demographic Health Survey

1Discipline of Nutrology, Department of Pediatrics, Federal University of São Paulo, Rua Loefgreen 1647, 04040-032 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
2Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, University of São Paulo, Avenida Dr. Arnaldo 714, 01246-904 São Paulo, SP, Brazil

Received 30 June 2011; Accepted 26 October 2011

Academic Editor: Donald S. Silverberg

Copyright © 2012 Tulio Konstantyner et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Iron deficiency is an important public health problem. An understanding of anemia risk factors is essential to informed health policies. We performed a cross-sectional study of 1,382 infants from the 2006 Brazilian National Survey on Demography and the Health of Women and Children. Mild and moderate anemia was characterised by hemoglobin levels below 11.0 and 9.5 g/dL, respectively. Rates for mild and moderate anemia were 25.9% and 9.9%, respectively. The logistic model included three risk factors for mild anemia—urban residence area ( ; ), fever in the past 2 weeks ( ; ), and age less than 12 months ( ; ). Strategies to control infant anemia should include health promotion and nutritional education for families from all socioeconomic levels. Lifestyle quality improvement based on adequate food consumption must be achieved by communities in all macroregions, and especially in urban areas.