Anemia

Anemia / 2016 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Prevalence, Severity, and Determinant Factors of Anemia among Pregnant Women in South Sudanese Refugees, Pugnido, Western Ethiopia

Table 3

Nutrition and clinical characteristics of refugee pregnant women attending ANC clinic at Pugnido ARRA Health Center, Gambela, Western Ethiopia, April 15–June 30/2015.

VariablesAnemiaCOR (95% CI) value
Yes: (%)No: (%)

Freq. of meat eating per week
 At most once88 (45.8%)104 (55.2%)2.54 (1.62–3.98)<0.00
 More than once42 (25.0%)126 (75.0%)1
Freq. of vegetable eating per week
 At most once46 (32.6%)95 (67.4%)0.78 (0.50–1.21)0.269
 More than once84 (38.4%)135 (61.6%)1
Freq. of fruit eating per week
 At most once92 (39.3%)142 (60.7%)1.50 (0.94–2.38)
 More than once38 (30.2%)88 (69.8%)1
Staple food
 Fish19 (43.2%)25 (56.8%)1
 Porridge84 (33.7%)165 (66.3%)1.49 (0.78–2.86)0.228
 Injera23 (38.3%)37 (61.7%)1.22 (0.55–2.70)0.619
 Other4 (57.1%)3 (42.9%)0.57 (0.11–2.85)0.494
Freq. of drinking tea immediately after meal per day
 At least once72 (59.0%)50 (41.0%)4.47 (2.80–7.12)<0.00
 Less than once58 (24.4%)180 (75.6%)1
Freq. of drinking coffee immediately after meal per day
 At least once50 (52.6%)45 (47.4%)2.57 (1.59–4.15)<0.00
 Less than once80 (30.2%)185 (69.8%)1
MUAC
 <21 cm50 (73.5%)18 (26.5%)7.36 (4.05–13.37)<0.00
 ≥21 cm80 (27.4%)212 (72.6%)1
Number of ANC visits for current pregnancy
 197 (35.1%)179 (64.9%)1.20 (0.72–1.97)0.489
 ≥233 (39.3%)51 (60.7%)1
Taken iron/folate supplement
 Yes28 (40.6%)41 (59.4%)1
 No102 (35.1%)189 (64.9%)1.26 (0.74–2.16)0.391
Place of previous delivery
 Health institution41 (33.3%)82 (66.7%)1
 Home59 (40.4%)87 (59.6%)0.74 (0.45–1.21)0.289
ANC follow-up in previous pregnancy
 Yes34 (28.6%)85 (71.4%)1
 No66 (44.0%)84 (56.0%)0.62 (0.37–0.95)
History of malaria infection
 Yes91 (42.3%)124 (57.7%)1.99 (1.26–3.15)
 No39 (26.9%)106 (73.1%)1
Positive for current malaria infection
 Yes30 (52.6%)27 (47.4%)2.25 (1.27–4.00)
 No100 (33.0%)203 (67.0%)1
Positive for intestinal parasite infestation
 Yes48 (50.5%)47 (49.5%)2.28 (1.41–3.68)
 No82 (30.9%)183 (69.1%)1

COR: crude odds ratio, CI: confidence interval, , candidates for multivariate logistic regression analysis, 1: reference group, Freq.: frequency, using bread and packed food as their staple food, iron/folate supplement during the index pregnancy, MUAC: mid-upper arm circumference, and ANC: antenatal care.

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