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Anemia
Volume 2018, Article ID 1846280, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/1846280
Research Article

Anaemia in Pregnancy: Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Adverse Perinatal Outcomes in Northern Tanzania

1Institute of Public Health, Department of Community Health, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College (KMUCO), P.O. Box 2240, Moshi, Tanzania
2Better Health for African Mothers and Children (BHAMC) Project, P.O. Box 8418, Moshi, Tanzania
3Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
4Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
5Ocean Road Cancer Institute, Directorate of Cancer Prevention Services, P.O. Box 3592, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
6Division of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, 0863 Oslo, Norway
7Department of Community Medicine, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre (KCMC), Moshi, Tanzania

Correspondence should be addressed to Melina Mgongo; moc.oohay@ynnebannil

Received 19 July 2017; Revised 20 February 2018; Accepted 11 March 2018; Published 2 May 2018

Academic Editor: Aurelio Maggio

Copyright © 2018 Grace Stephen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background and Objective. Anaemia in pregnancy is a public health problem in developing countries. This study aimed to determine the prevalence, risk factors, and adverse perinatal outcomes of anaemia among pregnant women in Moshi Municipal, Northern Tanzania. Methods. This was a follow-up study conducted from October 2013 to June 2015. A total of 539 pregnant women were enrolled in this study. Interviews were conducted followed by determination of haemoglobin level. Women were followed up at delivery and at 7 days and 28 days after delivery. Results. A total of 529 women were included in this analysis. Their mean age was 25.8 (SD 5.73). The prevalence of anaemia was 18.0% and 2% had severe anaemia. The clinic of recruitment and low education level of the women were the factors that were independently associated with anaemia during pregnancy. At delivery, there were 10 stillbirths, 16 low birth weight (LBW) newborns, and 2 preterm birth cases. No association was found between anaemia and LBW, preterm birth, or stillbirths. Conclusion. Anaemia in pregnancy was a mild public health problem in the study setting of Northern Tanzania.