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Anemia
Volume 2018, Article ID 8906258, 5 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/8906258
Research Article

Frequency of Anemia and Iron Deficiency among Children Starting First Year of School Life and Their Association with Weight and Height

Fazle Omar Hospital Rabwah, Chenab Nagar, Pakistan

Correspondence should be addressed to Mirza Sultan Ahmad; moc.liamg@natlusazrimdamha

Received 10 December 2017; Revised 5 February 2018; Accepted 1 March 2018; Published 10 April 2018

Academic Editor: Aurelio Maggio

Copyright © 2018 Mirza Sultan Ahmad et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The objectives of the study were to ascertain frequency of anemia and iron deficiency among children starting first year of school life and test association with height and weight. One in four children starting first year of school life in five schools of Rabwah, Pakistan, was included. Full blood counts and ferritin levels of the children included in the study were checked. Status of their height and weight was determined according to -score charts. Chi-square test was used to test association. Two hundred and ninety-five children with median age of 67 months were included in the study. Out of 295, 240 (81.4%) had normal Hb and 55 (18.6%) had anemia. Ferritin levels were found to be below normal level in 242 (82%) children. There was no significant difference between hemoglobin and ferritin levels of children belonging to different categories of height and weight. Spearman test showed that there was very weak correlation between ferritin and hemoglobin levels . Our conclusions were that iron deficiency without anemia is very frequent among children starting first year of school. Regression models show that ferritin levels cannot be predicted by independent variables like status of height and weight on -score charts, age, gender, and anemia.