Anemia

Anemia / 2019 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Risk Factors of Anaemia among Children under Five Years in the Hohoe Municipality, Ghana: A Case Control Study

Table 3

A conditional logistic regression showing association between anaemia and biologic, intermediate, and underlying factors.

Cases [N=70]
n (%)
Controls [N=140]
n (%)
COR (95%CI ) p-valueAOR (95%CI ) p-value

Maternal age (in years)
40 and above5 (7.1)17 (12.1)Ref.Ref.
30 -3935 (50.0)49 (35.0)2.24 (0.78,6.44) 0.1322.55 (0.66,9.88) 0.175
20 – 2926 (37.1)70 (50.0)1.10 (0.37,3.31) 0.8630.76 (0.18,3.16) 0.707
< 204 (5.7)4 (2.9)3.40 (0.63,18.27) 0.1554.69 (0.46,47.58) 0.191
Occupation
Unemployed13 (18.6)23 (16.4)Ref.Ref.
Civil servant4 (5.7)6 (4.3)1.18 (0.28,4.97) 0.8190.60 (0.10,3.74) 0.588
Farmer13 (18.6)39 (27.9)0.65 (0.27,1.53) 0.3240.17 (0.05,0.60) 0.006
Trader26 (37.1)35 (25.0)1.05 (0.48,2.32) 0.9030.21 (0.06,0.74) 0.014
Child iron supplementation
No58 (82.9)102 (72.9)Ref.Ref.
Yes12 (17.1)38 (27.1)0.52 (0.24,1.13)0.0990.47 (0.18,1.24) 0.126
Dietary diversity score
Good33 (47.1)106 (75.7)Ref.Ref.
Poor37 (52.9)34 (24.3)3.89 (1.97,7.68)<0,0019.15 (3.13,26.82) <0.001
Iron supplementation during pregnancy
No3 (4.3)16 (11.4)Ref.Ref.
Yes67 (95.7)124 (88.6)2.93 (0.82,10.51) 0.1007.64 (1.41,41.20) 0.018

Note. signifies that p-value is significant at 0.05.