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Advances in OptoElectronics
Volume 2008 (2008), Article ID 485467, 10 pages
Research Article

PECVD-ONO: A New Deposited Firing Stable Rear Surface Passivation Layer System for Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells

1Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems, Heidenhofstrasse 2, 79110 Freiburg, Germany
2Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Bautzner Landstrasse 128, 01328 Dresden, Germany

Received 17 January 2008; Accepted 6 March 2008

Academic Editor: Armin Aberle

Copyright © 2008 M. Hofmann et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A novel plasma-enhanced chemical vapour deposited (PECVD) stack layer system consisting of a-:H, a-:H, and a-:H is presented for silicon solar cell rear side passivation. Surface recombination velocities below 60 cm/s (after firing) and below 30 cm/s (after forming gas anneal) were achieved. Solar cell precursors without front and rear metallisation showed implied open-circuit voltages values extracted from quasi-steady-state photoconductance (QSSPC) measurements above 680 mV. Fully finished solar cells with up to 20.0% energy conversion efficiency are presented. A fit of the cell's internal quantum efficiency using software tool PC1D and a comparison to a full-area aluminium-back surface field (Al-BSF) and thermal is shown. PECVD-ONO was found to be clearly superior to Al-BSF. A separation of recombination at the metallised and the passivated area at the solar cell's rear is presented using the equations of Fischer and Kray. Nuclear reaction analysis (NRA) has been used to evaluate the hydrogen depth profile of the passivation layer system at different stages.