Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in OptoElectronics
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 375451, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/375451
Research Article

Electrodes for Microfluidic Integrated Optoelectronic Tweezers

1Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
2Department of Neurology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
3Chimei-Innolux Inc., Tainan County, Southern Taiwan Science Park 744, Taiwan

Received 11 May 2011; Accepted 25 June 2011

Academic Editor: Aaron T. Ohta

Copyright © 2011 Kuo-Wei Huang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. Y. Chiou, A. T. Ohta, and M. C. Wu, “Massively parallel manipulation of single cells and microparticles using optical images,” Nature, vol. 436, no. 7049, pp. 370–372, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. T. Ohta, P. Y. Chiou, T. H. Han et al., “Dynamic cell and microparticle control via optoelectronic tweezers,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 491–499, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. C. Tien, A. T. Ohta, K. Yu, S. L. Neale, and M. C. Wu, “Heterogeneous integration of InGaAsP microdisk laser on a silicon platform using optofluidic assembly,” Applied Physics A, vol. 95, no. 4, pp. 967–972, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. Jamshidi, P. J. Pauzauskie, P. J. Schuck et al., “Dynamic manipulation and separation of individual semiconducting and metallic nanowires,” Nature Photonics, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 86–89, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. P. Y. Chiou, A. T. Ohta, A. Jamshidi, H. Y. Hsu, and M. C. Wu, “Light-actuated AC electroosmosis for nanoparticle manipulation,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 525–531, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. H. Hwang and J. K. Park, “Measurement of molecular diffusion based on optoelectrofluidic fluorescence microscopy,” Analytical Chemistry, vol. 81, no. 21, pp. 9163–9167, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. T. Ohta, M. Garcia, J. K. Valley et al., “Motile and non-motile sperm diagnostic manipulation using optoelectronic tweezers,” Lab on a Chip, vol. 10, no. 23, pp. 3213–3217, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. T. Ohta, P. Y. Chiou, H. L. Phan et al., “Optically controlled cell discrimination and trapping using optoelectronic tweezers,” IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 235–242, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. K. Valley, S. Neale, H. Y. Hsu, A. T. Ohta, A. Jamshidi, and M. C. Wu, “Parallel single-cell light-induced electroporation and dielectrophoretic manipulation,” Lab on a Chip, vol. 9, no. 12, pp. 1714–1720, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. W. Choi, S. W. Nam, H. Hwang, S. Park, and J. K. Park, “Programmable manipulation of motile cells in optoelectronic tweezers using a grayscale image,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 93, no. 14, Article ID 143901, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. H. Y. Hsu, A. T. Ohta, P. Y. Chiou, A. Jamshidi, S. L. Neale, and M. C. Wu, “Phototransistor-based optoelectronic tweezers for dynamic cell manipulation in cell culture media,” Lab on a Chip, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 165–172, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. Park, C. Pan, T. H. Wu et al., “Floating electrode optoelectronic tweezers: light-driven dielectrophoretic droplet manipulation in electrically insulating oil medium,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 92, no. 15, Article ID 151101, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. Y. Park, S. Kalim, C. Callahan, M. A. Teitell, and E. P. Y. Chiou, “A light-induced dielectrophoretic droplet manipulation platform,” Lab on a Chip, vol. 9, no. 22, pp. 3228–3235, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. G. J. Shah, A. T. Ohta, E. P. Y. Chiou, M. C. Wu, and C. J. C. J. Kim, “EWOD-driven droplet microfluidic device integrated with optoelectronic tweezers as an automated platform for cellular isolation and analysis,” Lab on a Chip, vol. 9, no. 12, pp. 1732–1739, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. K. Valley, S. Ningpei, A. Jamshidi, H.-Y. Hsu, and M. C. Wu, “A unified platform for optoelectrowetting and optoelectronic tweezers,” Lab on a Chip, vol. 11, no. 7, pp. 1292–1297, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. Y. H. Lin and G. B. Lee, “Optically induced flow cytometry for continuous microparticle counting and sorting,” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 572–578, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. D. H. Lee, H. Hwang, and J. K. Park, “Generation and manipulation of droplets in an optoelectrofluidic device integrated with microfluidic channels,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 95, no. 16, Article ID 164102, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. G. M. Whitesides, “The origins and the future of microfluidics,” Nature, vol. 442, no. 7101, pp. 368–373, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. C. McDonald, D. C. Duffy, J. R. Anderson et al., “Fabrication of microfluidic systems in poly(dimethylsiloxane),” Electrophoresis, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 27–40, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. M. A. Unger, H. P. Chou, T. Thorsen, A. Scherer, and S. R. Quake, “Monolithic microfabricated valves and pumps by multilayer soft lithography,” Science, vol. 288, no. 5463, pp. 113–116, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. T. Thorsen, S. J. Maerkl, and S. R. Quake, “Microfluidic large-scale integration,” Science, vol. 298, no. 5593, pp. 580–584, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. D. J. Laser and J. G. Santiago, “A review of micropumps,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. R35–R64, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. N. T. Nguyen and Z. Wu, “Micromixers—a review,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. R1–R16, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J. W. Hong and S. R. Quake, “Integrated nanoliter systems,” Nature Biotechnology, vol. 21, no. 10, pp. 1179–1183, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. Q. Cao and J. A. Rogers, “Ultrathin films of single-walled carbon nanotubes for electronics and sensors: a review of fundamental and applied aspects,” Advanced Materials, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 29–53, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. L. Hu, D. S. Hecht, and G. Grüner, “Carbon nanotube thin films: fabrication, properties, and applications,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 110, no. 10, pp. 5790–5844, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. W. Rowell, M. A. Topinka, M. D. McGehee et al., “Organic solar cells with carbon nanotube network electrodes,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 88, no. 23, Article ID 233506, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. Q. Cao, S. H. Hur, Z. T. Zhu et al., “Highly bendable, transparent thin-film transistors that use carbon-nanotube-based conductors and semiconductors with elastomeric dielectrics,” Advanced Materials, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 304–309, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. D. Zhang, K. Ryu, X. Liu et al., “Transparent, conductive, and flexible carbon nanotube films and their application in organic light-emitting diodes,” Nano Letters, vol. 6, no. 9, pp. 1880–1886, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. L. Hu, G. Gruner, J. Gong, C. J. Kim, and B. Hornbostel, “Electrowetting devices with transparent single-walled carbon nanotube electrodes,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 90, no. 9, Article ID 093124, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. L. Hu, D. S. Hecht, and G. Grüner, “A method of fabricating highly transparent and conductive interpenetrated carbon nanotube-parylene networks,” Nanotechnology, vol. 20, no. 46, Article ID 465304, 5 pages, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. E. Lahiff, C. Y. Ryu, S. Curran, A. I. Minett, W. J. Blau, and P. M. Ajayan, “Selective positioning and density control of nanotubes within a polymer thin film,” Nano Letters, vol. 3, no. 10, pp. 1333–1337, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. K. Lee, S. S. Lee, J. A. Lee, K. C. Lee, and S. Ji, “Carbon nanotube film piezoresistors embedded in polymer membranes,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 96, no. 1, Article ID 013511, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. H. Cao, Z. Gan, Q. Lv et al., “Single-walled carbon nanotube network/poly composite thin film for flow sensor,” Microsystem Technologies, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 955–959, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  35. Z. Wu, Z. Chen, X. Du et al., “Transparent, conductive carbon nanotube films,” Science, vol. 305, no. 5688, pp. 1273–1276, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. Y. Zhou, L. Hu, and G. Grüner, “A method of printing carbon nanotube thin films,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 88, no. 12, Article ID 123109, 3 pages, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. M. Zhang, J. Wu, L. Wang, K. Xiao, and W. Wen, “A simple method for fabricating multi-layer PDMS structures for 3D microfluidic chips,” Lab on a Chip, vol. 10, no. 9, pp. 1199–1203, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus