Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in OptoElectronics
Volume 2011, Article ID 432803, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/432803
Research Article

High Molar Extinction Coefficient Ru(II)-Mixed Ligand Polypyridyl Complexes for Dye Sensitized Solar Cell Application

1Inorganic and Physical Chemistry Division, Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Uppal Road, Tarnaka, Hyderabad 500 607, India
2Aisin Cosmos R&D Co. Ltd, Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Uppal Road, Tarnaka, Hyderabad 500 607, India
3Molecular Modelling Group, Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Uppal Road, Tarnaka, Hyderabad 500 607, India

Received 21 April 2011; Accepted 7 June 2011

Academic Editor: Surya Prakash Singh

Copyright © 2011 Malapaka Chandrasekharam et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Hagfeldt, G. Boschloo, L. Sun, L. Kloo, and H. Pettersson, “Dye-sensitized solar cells,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 110, no. 11, pp. 6595–6663, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  2. D. Wei, “Dye sensitized solar cells,” International Journal of Molecular Sciences, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 1103–1113, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  3. M. Grätzel, “Photoelectrochemical cells,” Nature, vol. 414, no. 6861, pp. 338–344, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  4. B. O'Regan and M. Grätzel, “A low-cost, high-efficiency solar cell based on dye-sensitized colloidal TiO2 films,” Nature, vol. 353, no. 6346, pp. 737–740, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. G. J. Meyer, “The 2010 millennium technology grand prize: dye-sensitized solar cells,” ACS Nano, vol. 4, no. 8, pp. 4337–4343, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  6. S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. K. Nazeeruddin, R. Humphry-Baker et al., “Design, synthesis, and application of amphiphilic ruthenium polypyridyl photosensitizers in solar cells based on nanocrystalline TiO2 films,” Langmuir, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 952–954, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. W. M. Campbell, A. K. Burrell, D. L. Officer, and K. W. Jolley, “Porphyrins as light harvesters in the dye-sensitised TiO2 solar cell,” Coordination Chemistry Reviews, vol. 248, no. 13-14, pp. 1363–1379, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. P. Y. Reddy, L. Giribabu, C. Lyness et al., “Efficient sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 films by a near-IR-absorbing unsymmetrical zinc phthalocyanine,” Angewandte Chemie, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 373–376, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  9. D. Kuang, S. Uchida, R. Humphry-Baker, S. M. Zakeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Organic dye-sensitized ionic liquid based solar cells: remarkable enhancement in performance through molecular design of indoline sensitizers,” Angewandte Chemie, vol. 47, no. 10, pp. 1923–1927, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  10. S. Tatay, S. A. Haque, B. O'Regan et al., “Kinetic competition in liquid electrolyte and solid-state cyanine dye sensitized solar cells,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 17, no. 29, pp. 3037–3044, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. K. Nazeeruddin, F. D. Angelis, S. Fantacci et al., “Combined experimental and DFT-TDDFT computational study of photoelectrochemical cell ruthenium sensitizers,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 127, no. 48, pp. 16835–16847, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  12. K. Hara, M. Kurashige, S. Ito et al., “Novel polyene dyes for highly efficient dye-sensitized solar cells,” Chemical Communications, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 252–253, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. Grätzel, “Solar energy conversion by dye-sensitized photovoltaic cells,” Inorganic Chemistry, vol. 44, no. 20, pp. 6841–6851, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  14. C. Y. Chen, S. J. Wu, J. Y. Li, C. G. Wu, J. G. Chen, and K. C. Ho, “A new route to enhance the light-harvesting capability of ruthenium complexes for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Advanced Materials, vol. 19, no. 22, pp. 3888–3891, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. K. Nazeeruddin, P. Péchy, T. Renouard et al., “Engineering of efficient panchromatic sensitizers for nanocrystalline TiO2-based solar cells,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 123, no. 8, pp. 1613–1624, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. Z.-S. Wang, T. Yamaguchi, H. Sugihara, and H. Arakawa, “Significant efficiency improvement of the black dye-sensitized solar cell through protonation of TiO2 films,” Langmuir, vol. 21, no. 10, pp. 4272–4276, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. L. Giribabu, C. V. Kumar, C. S. Rao et al., “High molar extinction coefficient amphiphilic ruthenium sensitizers for efficient and stable mesoscopic dye-sensitized solar cells,” Energy and Environmental Science, vol. 2, no. 7, pp. 770–773, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. D. Kuang, C. Klein, S. Ito et al., “High effiiciency and stable mesoscopic dye-sensitized solar cells based on a high molar extinction cofficient Ru-sensitizer and non-volatile electrolyte,” Advanced Materials, vol. 19, pp. 1133–1137, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  19. D. Kuang, C. Klein, Z. Zhang et al., “Stable, high-efficiency ionic-liquid-based mesoscopic dye-sensitized solar cells,” Small, vol. 3, no. 12, pp. 2094–2102, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  20. M. Chandrasekharam, C. Srinivasarao, T. Suresh et al., “High spectral response heteroleptic ruthenium (II) complexes as sensitizers for dye sensitized solar cells,” Journal of Chemical Sciences, vol. 123, no. 1, pp. 37–46, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  21. M. Chandrasekharam, G. Rajkumar, C. S. Rao et al., “Phenothiazine conjugated bipyridine—a new class of ancillary ligand for Ru-sensitizer in dye sensitized solar cell application,” Synthetic Metals, vol. 161, pp. 1469–1476, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  22. M. Chandrasekharam, G. Rajkumar, C. S. Rao et al., “Polypyridyl Ru(II)-sensitizers with extended π-system enhances the performance of dye sensitized solar cells,” Synthetic Metals, vol. 161, no. 11-12, pp. 1098–1104, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. M. Chandrasekharam, G. Rajkumar, C. S. Rao, P. Y. Reddy, and M. L. Kantam, “Change of dye bath for sensitisation of nanocrystalline TiO2 films: enhances performance of dye-sensitized solar cells,” Advances in OptoElectronics, vol. 2011, Article ID 376369, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. L. Giribabu, M. Chandrasekheram, M. L. Kantham et al., “Conjugated organic dyes for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Indian Journal of Chemistry A, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 629–634, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. A. Islam, F. A. Chowdhury, Y. Chiba et al., “Synthesis and characterization of new efficient tricarboxyterpyridyl (β-diketonato) ruthenium(II) sensitizers and their applications in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 18, no. 22, pp. 5178–5185, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. A. Mamo, A. Juris, G. Calogero, and S. Campagna, “Near-infrared luminescence at room temperature of two new osmium(II) terdentate polypyridine complexes,” Chemical Communications, no. 10, pp. 1225–1226, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. J.-J. Cid, J.-H. Yum, S.-R. Jang et al., “Molecular cosensitization for efficient panchromatic dye-sensitized solar cells,” Angewandte Chemie International Edition, vol. 46, no. 44, pp. 8358–8362, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  28. Y. Chi and P.-T. Chou, “Contemporary progresses on neutral, highly emissive Os(ii) and Ru(ii) complexes,” Chemical Society Reviews, vol. 36, no. 9, pp. 1421–1431, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  29. B. S. Chen, K. Chen, Y.-H. Hong et al., “Neutral, panchromatic Ru(ii) terpyridine sensitizers bearing pyridine pyrazolate chelates with superior DSSC performance,” Chemical Communications, no. 39, pp. 5844–5846, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  30. P. Wang, S. M. Zakeeruddin, J. E. Moser, M. K. Nazeeruddin, T. Sekiguchi, and M. Grätzel, “A stable quasi-solid-state dye-sensitized solar cell with an amphiphilic ruthenium sensitizer and polymer gel electrolyte,” Nature Materials, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 402–407, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  31. M.-X. Li, H.-X. Zhang, X. Zhou, Q.-J. Pan, H.-G. Fu, and C.-C. Sun, “Theoretical studies of the electronic structure and spectroscopic properties of [Ru(Htcterpy)(NCS)3]3-,” European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, no. 15, pp. 2171–2180, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. D. Kuang, C. Klein, S. Ito et al., “High-Efficiency and stable mesoscopic dye-sensitized solar cells based on a high molar extinction coefficient ruthenium sensitizer and nonvolatile electrolyte,” Advanced Materials, vol. 19, no. 8, pp. 1133–1137, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus