Research Article

A Concise and Comprehensive Description of Shoulder Pathology and Procedures: The 4D Code System

Table 3

SLAP lesion as classified by Synder et al. [16] and Maffet et al. [17].


1Degenerative, frayed superior labrum with intact biceps anchor.
2Biceps anchor detachment from the superior glenoid tubercle.
3Bucket-handle tear of the labrum with an intact biceps anchor.
4Bucket-handle tear of the labrum that extends into the biceps tendon.
5Anterior-inferior Bankart that extends superiorly to include an unstable biceps anchor
6Unstable flap tear of the labrum with a detached biceps anchor.
7Superior labral detachment with extension into the middle glenohumeral ligament.